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ChineseEdit

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(蜥蜴)
alt. forms 蜥易
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
蜥蜴

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

蜥蜴

  1. lizard

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 蜥蜴 (“lizard”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蜥蜴
Taxonomic name 蜥蜴
Mandarin Beijing 蜥蜴
Taiwan 蜥蜴
Jinan 馬蛇子
Muping 馬蛇子
Xuzhou 蛇立子
Lanzhou 大頭蠍虎子蠍虎子
Ürümqi 麻蛇子蜥蜴四腳蛇
Wuhan 四腳蛇
Guiyang 四腳蛇
Liuzhou 草龍四腳蛇
Yangzhou 四腳蛇
Cantonese Guangzhou 四腳蛇
Hong Kong 蜥蜴
Dongguan 四腳蛇
Gan Nanchang 四腳蛇
Lichuan 旋官
Pingxiang 狗貓蛇
Hakka Meixian 四腳蛇狗嫲蛇
Xingning 狗嫲蛇
Huidong 簷蛇
Qujiang 狗嫲蛇
Xiaosanjiang 狗嫲蛇
Changting 狗嫲蛇
Pingyu 狗嫲蛇
Wuping 狗嫲蛇
Liancheng 伯公蛇
Ninghua 田坎蛇
Yudu 狗婆蛇
Ruijin 狗婆蛇子
Shicheng 田坎蛇
Shangyou 狗婆蛇
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 狗嫲蛇山狗太
Liudui (S. Sixian) 狗嫲蛇山狗太大頭確
Hsinchu (Hailu) 狗嫲蛇山狗太
Dongshi (Dabu) 狗嫲蛇山狗太
Zhuolan (Raoping) 狗嫲蛇山狗太
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 赤龍公死頭確
Huizhou Jixi 纏龍
Jin Xinzhou 蛇獅哥蛇獅子
Min Bei Jian'ou 四跤蛇
Min Dong Fuzhou 杜墊
Min Nan Xiamen 四跤杜定杜定四跤蛇
Quanzhou 土地公蛇四跤媽
Zhangzhou 四跤杜定杜定四跤蛇
Taipei 四跤仔杜定
Kaohsiung 杜定咕咕公
Tainan 四跤蛇杜定
Taichung 杜定
Hsinchu 杜定狗母蛇
Lukang 竹虎杜定
Sanxia 四跤杜定四跤蛇仔
Yilan 四跤蛇仔杜定
Kinmen 杜定
Magong 杜定
Haikou 四跤蛇
Wu Shanghai 四腳蛇
Hangzhou 四腳蛇
Chongming 四腳蛇
Danyang 四腳蛇
Jinhua 蛇鰍
Tangxi 山鰍
Ningbo 四腳蛇
Xiang Changsha 四腳蛇
Loudi 四腳蛇

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compound of (to, door) + (kage, shadow), as lizards are thought to be crawling on doors and their dark coloring can be mistaken for their shadow. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), borrowed from Chinese 蜥蜴.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蜥蜴 (hiragana とかげ, katakana トカゲ, rōmaji tokage)

  1. a skink (lizard of family Scincidae)
    Synonyms: スキンク (sukinku)
  2. (by extension) any lizard
    • 1999 July 22, “鎧蜥蜴アーマー・リザード [Armor Lizard]”, in Vol.4 (in Japanese), Konami:
      かたい (からだ)トカゲ (おお)きな (くち) ()みつかれたら、ひとたまりもないぞ。
      Katai karada no tokage. Ōkina kuchi de kamitsukaretara, hitotamari mo nai zo.
      A lizard with a hard body. He bites off things easily with his huge mouth.
    • 1999 July 22, “だいのトカゲせん [Ancient Lizard Warrior]”, in Vol.4 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (たい) ()の、 (むかし)姿 (すがた)そのままのトカゲ (せん) () () (がい) (つよ)いぞ。
      Taiko no, mukashi no sugata sono mama no tokage no senshi. Igai ni tsuyoi zo.
      This lizard warrior looks as ancient as he ever has since time immemorial. He is also surprisingly strong.
    • 2000 April 1, “ワイバーンのせん [Wyvern Warrior]”, in LIMITED EDITION 2 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (けん) ()にすぐれたトカゲ (にん) (げん) (おと) (はや)さで (けん)をふるう。
      Kengi ni sugureta tokage ningen. Oto no hayasa de ken o furuu.
      A lizard man who excels at swordsmanship. He swings his sword at sound speed.
    Synonyms: リザード (rizādo)

Derived termsEdit

IdiomsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN