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U+9670, 陰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9670

[U+966F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9671]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 170, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中人戈戈 (NLOII), four-corner 78231, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1353, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41691
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1855, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4138, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9670

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms
𠆭

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
*qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*qɯːm, *qaːb
*qɯːm, *qrɯːms
*krɯːm
*qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
*qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*nɯːms
*sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
*sɢrɯm
*sɡrɯm
*sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
*sɡrɯm
*ɡjɯms
*krɯm
*krɯm
*krɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯmʔ
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
*qrɯm
*qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
*qrɯms
*qrɯms
*ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r(u/i)m (dark; shade; dusk; twilight); compare Tibetan རུམ (rum, darkness), Jingpho rim (to be dusk) (Benedict, 1972; Bodman, 1980; STEDT).

Schuessler (2007) compares it instead to Burmese အုံ့ (um., to become overcast), Adi mugyum (shade; shadow), Lepcha [script needed] (so-dyŭm, shade).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • im - literary;
  • iam - vernacular (limited, e.g. 半陰陽).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (140)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠiɪm/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚim/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiem/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔjim/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔjəm/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭĕm/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯əm/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yīn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yīn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔim ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*q(r)um/
    English dark

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6623
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qrɯm/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. cloudy; overcast
    2. dark
    3. hidden; secret
    4. negative
    5. the Moon
    6. shade; shadow
    7. (philosophy) "female" principle; yin in yin-yang
    8. (Cantonese) bangs; fringe
    9. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
      玩兒 [MSC, trad.]
      玩儿 [MSC, simp.]
      Hǎo wa, nǐ gǎn gēn wǒ wánr yīn de! [Pinyin]
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    10. (dialectal) to deceive; to trick; to trap
      今兒個 [dialectal Mandarin, trad.]
      今儿个 [dialectal Mandarin, simp.]
      Wǒ jīnrge ràng rén gěi yīn le. [Pinyin]
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    11. genitalia (of humans)
    12. north side of mountain or south side of river

    AntonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. hidden
    2. dark
    3. negative

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    かげ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かげ, rōmaji kage)

    1. shadow, shade
      木の
      a shadow of a tree
    2. hidden side
      で動き回る
      maneuver in a hidden side
      陰の支配者
      a hidden ruler
    See alsoEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    いん
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (ʔˠiɪm).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana いん, rōmaji in)

    1. shade; shadow
    2. shadow of the sun; (figuratively) time
    3. secret; unknown
    4. genitalia
    5. negative; “female”; quiescent; minus
    6. (philosophy) yin
    7. north side of mountain; south side of water
    8. the moon

    NounEdit

    (hiragana いん, rōmaji in)

    1. (philosophy) yin
    2. (literary) shady area; (陰に) in the shade; secretly; in private

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ほと
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /hoto2/: *[potə] → [ɸoto] → [hoto]. As indicated in the Wamyōshō citation, /to2/ may be related to (/to1/, place, location), but the phonological difference can not be explained. Perhaps related to Korean 보지 (poji, vagina).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ほと, rōmaji hoto)

    1. female genitalia
      • 712, Kojiki
        因生此子、美蕃登此三字以音。見灸而病臥在。
      • 712, Kojiki
        逆剥天斑馬剥而、所墮入時、天服織女見驚而、於梭衝陰上而死。訓陰上云富登
    2. (by extension) male genitalia
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 2, page 44-45:
        陰 釋名云、陰、今案玉茎玉門等通稱也 [...] 原書無其字按神代紀、「陰訓保止、保是含包之言、即所謂在陰翳之義、止、處也」 [...]
    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔˠiɪm). Attested in the Hunmong jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527, as Middle Korean / (Yale: um).

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 그늘 (geuneul eum))

    1. Hanja form? of (dark; shady).
    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Related to Middle Chinese (MC ʔʌmH, “dark; gloomy”).

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 침묵할 (chimmukhal am))

    1. (archaic) Hanja form? of (to be silent).
    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana ほー, romaji )

    CompoundsEdit

    • 陰目 (ほーみー, hōmī, vagina)

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with Japanese (hoto).

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ほー, romaji )

    1. female genitalia

    ReferencesEdit

    • 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawago Jiten, “Okinawan Dictionary”)[2], 1963

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (âm, ơm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit