TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(water)

Han characterEdit

(radical 144 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹人水一弓 (HOEMN), four-corner 21103, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1108, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34033
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1573, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 820, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+884D

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (衍), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 以淺切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiᴇnX/ /i̯ɛnX/ /iɛnX/ /jiɛnX/ /jianX/ /jĭɛnX/ /jænX/
Character (衍), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 于線切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiᴇnH/ /i̯ɛnH/ /iɛnH/ /jiɛnH/ /jianH/ /jĭɛnH/ /jænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yǎn ‹ yenX › /*N-q(r)anʔ/ overflow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14376 1 /*lanʔ/
14377 1 /*lans/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. overflow, spill over, spread out

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune-Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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