Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lanʔ, *lans): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *qʰʷljilʔ, water)

Han characterEdit

(radical 144 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹人水一弓 (HOEMN), four-corner 21103, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1108, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34033
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1573, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 820, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+884D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (36) (36)
Final () (77) (77)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇnX/ /jiᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛnX/ /jiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/jænX/ /jænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jianX/ /jianH/
Li
Rong
/iɛnX/ /iɛnH/
Wang
Li
/jĭɛnX/ /jĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛnX/ /i̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎn yàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ yenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-q(r)anʔ/
English overflow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 14376 14377
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lanʔ/ /*lans/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. overflow, spill over, spread out

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune-Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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