See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水戈戈 (EII), four-corner 33153)

  1. shallow, not deep
  2. superficial

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 632, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17697
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1039, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1646, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6DFA

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (13) (14)
Final () (85) (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sen/ /t͡sʰiᴇnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sen/ /t͡sʰiɛnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɛn/ /t͡sʰjænX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɛn/ /t͡sʰianX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sen/ /t͡sʰiɛnX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sien/ /t͡sʰĭɛnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sien/ /t͡sʰi̯ɛnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān qiǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshjenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[tsʰ]e[n]ʔ/
English shallow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6000 6017
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰlenʔ/ /*ʔsleːn/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. shallow
  2. (of light) deep

AntonymsEdit

  • (shallow): (shēn)

See alsoEdit

  • (color: light): (shēn), (nóng)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cheon) (hangeul , revised cheon, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏn, Yale chen)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thiển, sẻn, tiên)

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