TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水戈戈 (EII), four-corner 33153)

  1. shallow, not deep
  2. superficial

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 632, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17697
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1039, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1646, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6DFA

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (淺), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 先
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 則前切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sen/ /t͡sien/ /t͡sen/ /t͡sen/ /t͡sɛn/ /t͡sien/ /t͡sɛn/
Character (淺), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 七演切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiᴇnX/ /t͡sʰi̯ɛnX/ /t͡sʰiɛnX/ /t͡sʰiɛnX/ /t͡sʰianX/ /t͡sʰĭɛnX/ /t͡sʰjænX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiǎn ‹ tshjenX › /*[tsʰ]e[n]ʔ/ shallow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6000 2 /*sʰlenʔ/
6017 2 /*ʔsleːn/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. shallow
  2. (of light) deep

AntonymsEdit

  • (shallow):

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cheon) (hangeul , revised cheon, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏn, Yale chen)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thiển, sẻn, tiên)

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