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See also:
U+8AF6, 諶
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8AF6

[U+8AF5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8AF7]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 149 +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜口廿一女 (YRTMV), four-corner 04611, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1171, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35739
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1636, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3994, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8AF6

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔl'uːm, *r'uːmʔ, *l'um
*ʔl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ, *l'uːmʔ
*sluːmʔ
*kʰluːm
*kʰluːm, *ʔl'umʔ
*kʰluːm, *ŋɡluːm, *ŋɡluːmʔ, *sɡruːmʔ, *kʰruːm
*kʰluːmʔ, *kʰluːb
*kʰluːms
*kʰuːms
*kʰuːms
*r'uːmʔ
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'ums
*l̥ʰumʔ
*l̥ʰumʔ
*kljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums
*ɦljumʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡljum): semantic  (speech) + phonetic  (OC *ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums).

PronunciationEdit


Note: Shèn - variant pronunciation for the surname (inferred using the youbian dubian method).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑim/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑim/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəm/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11292
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡljum/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to believe
  2. devoted
  3. indeed
  4. A surname​.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. sincere
  2. faithful

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sim) (hangeul , revised sim, McCune-Reischauer sim, Yale sim)

  1. truth
  2. to believe

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kham, thầm, thòm, xầm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.