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U+6939, 椹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6939

[U+6938]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+693A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木廿一女 (DTMV), four-corner 44911 or 44918, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 537, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15082
  • Dae Jaweon: page 925, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1243, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6939

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms


Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔl'uːm, *r'uːmʔ, *l'um
*ʔl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ, *l'uːmʔ
*sluːmʔ
*kʰluːm
*kʰluːm, *ʔl'umʔ
*kʰluːm, *ŋɡluːm, *ŋɡluːmʔ, *sɡruːmʔ, *kʰruːm
*kʰluːmʔ, *kʰluːb
*kʰluːms
*kʰuːms
*kʰuːms
*r'uːmʔ
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'ums
*l̥ʰumʔ
*l̥ʰumʔ
*kljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums
*ɦljumʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔl'um): semantic  (wood; tree) + phonetic  (OC *ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (9)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈjim/
Li
Rong
/ȶjəm/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhēn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ trim ›
Old
Chinese
/*tr[ə]m/
English chopping-block

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11285
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔl'um/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (“base for chopping”).
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (“mulberry fruit”).
  2. mold or fungus grown on fallen trees
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. type of cypress

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chim) (hangeul , revised chim, McCune–Reischauer ch'im, Yale chim)

  1. (모탕 침): chopping block
  2. (오디 심): mulberry fruit ()

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 南廣祐 (1997). 敎學古語辭典. 敎學社. p. 968.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cụm, châm, thầm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit