See also:
U+6C0F, 氏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C0F

[U+6C0E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C10]
U+2F52, ⽒
KANGXI RADICAL CLAN

[U+2F51]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F53]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 83, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹女心 (HVP), four-corner 72740, composition ⿸⿱丿𠄌𫠠)

  1. Kangxi radical #83, .
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №449

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 597, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17026
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2130, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C0F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Pictogram (象形) – There are various interpretations: a man bending over to sow the field,[1] the root of a tree,[2] a man bowing over to the right, etc.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (25)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ʑieX/
Wang
Li
/ʑǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyeX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.deʔ/
English clan

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 11523
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡjeʔ/
Notes


DefinitionsEdit

  1. clan; family; lineage; hereditary house
    夏后  ―  xiàhòushì  ―  The (Sovereign) House of Xia
      ―  shì  ―  tribe; clan
  2. surname
  3. person with the surname of ...; Mr.
    無名 / 无名  ―  wúmíngshì  ―  Anonymous
  4. (historical) née; born as; maiden name
  5. suffix to a personal proper noun for attribution (of a work, invention, discovery, etc.)
    春秋 / 春秋  ―  shìchūnqiū  ―  Lü's Spring and Autumn
    /   ―  ōushìguǎn  ―  Eustachian tube
  6. (Classical Chinese) suffix to a noun that refers to family membership (actual or honorary)
Usage notesEdit
  • The meaning of "née" has become largely obsolete, as current Chinese practice is for married women to continue to use their former surnames. The practice of sometimes adopting the husband's surname is being revived, however. follows the maiden name, which follows the married name (“née Zhang”), 張氏 (“Li née Zhang”), or 張氏 (“married to a lady of the Zhang clan”).
See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (23)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕie/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 11515
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kje/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used in 月氏 (yuèzhī, “Yuezhi”).
  2. Used in 閼氏阏氏 (yānzhī, “wife of a Xiongnu chief”).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (13)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 11513
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*skeŋ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 狋氏 (“name of an ancient county”).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1] Retrieved 2019-12-11
  2. ^ [2] Retrieved 2019-12-11

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʑiᴇX).

PronunciationEdit

  • Pitch accent only applies when used as a standalone noun.

NounEdit

() (shi

  1. a family, a clan
  2. a certain person

SuffixEdit

() (-shi

  1. (honorific) Mr.; Ms.
    • 1997 September 1 [Oct 10 1996], Fujiko F. Fujio, “くたばれ(ひょう)(ろん)() の(まき) [The Drop-Dead Critic]”, in エスパー魔美 [Esper Mami], volume 1 (fiction), 4th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 157:
      ()(ぶん)テレポートさせた(つるぎ)()のガン(さい)(ぼう)
      Bubun terepōto saseta Tsurugi-shi no gan saibō.
      These are the cancer cells I teleported out of Mr. Tsurugi.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
うじ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
うじ
[noun] (historical) a clan
[noun] a family name, a surname
[noun] one's house, birth, lineage
[suffix] (historical, honorific) a clan (added after the clan name as an honorific)
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʑiᴇX).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 씽〯 (Yale: ssǐ)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527 각시〮 (Yale: kàksí) 시〮 (Yale: )

PronunciationEdit

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 성씨(姓氏) (seongssi ssi))

  1. Hanja form? of (lineage; surname).
  2. Hanja form? of (Mr.; Ms.).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕiᴇ).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 (Yale: )

PronunciationEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 나라 이름 (nara ireum ji))

  1. (historical) Hanja form? of (Only used in 월지 (月氏, wolji)).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: thị

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.