See also: 氐
- KangXi: page 597, character 18
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17026
- Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 30
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2130, character 1
- Unihan data for U+6C0F
|simp. and trad.
|Historical forms of the character 氏|
|Shang||Western Zhou||Warring States||Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)||Liushutong (compiled in Ming)|
|Oracle bone script||Bronze inscriptions||Chu Slip and silk script||Small seal script||Transcribed ancient scripts|
|Characters in the same phonetic series (氏) (Zhengzhang, 2003)|
|氏||*skeŋ, *kje, *ɡjeʔ|
Pictogram (象形) – a man bowing over to the left. Significantly abstracted – the middle cross was initially the knee, the stroke at bottom left was the bowed head, and the top was the back-swept hands or clothes.
- Cantonese (Jyutping): si6
- Hakka (Sixian, PFS): sṳ
- Min Dong (BUC): sê
- Min Nan (POJ): sǐ / sī
- Wu (Wiktionary): zr (T3)
- Min Dong
- Min Nan
- The third meaning has become largely obsolete, as current Chinese practice is for married women to continue to use their former surnames. The practice of sometimes adopting the husband's surname is being revived, however. 氏 follows the maiden name, which follows the married name — 張氏 (née Zhang), 李張氏 (Li née Zhang), or 配張氏 (“married to a lady of the Zhang clan”).
- (Mr.): 先生 (xiānshēng)
Derived terms from 氏
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text