From Middle English indede, contraction of the phrase in dede (“in sooth, in fact”) [early 14thc.]; equivalent to in- + deed (similar in formation to in fact). Compare also West Frisian yndied, Dutch inderdaad (“indeed”) and German in der Tat (“indeed”). More at in, deed.
indeed (not comparable)
- (modal) Truly; in fact; actually.
- Indeed, he made several misplays.
- 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter II, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., […], OCLC 752825175:
- Orion hit a rabbit once; but though sore wounded it got to the bury, and, struggling in, the arrow caught the side of the hole and was drawn out. Indeed, a nail filed sharp is not of much avail as an arrowhead; you must have it barbed, and that was a little beyond our skill.
- 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 1, in The Celebrity:
- I was about to say that I had known the Celebrity from the time that he wore kilts. But I see that I will have to amend that, because he was not a celebrity then, nor, indeed, did he achieve fame until some time after I left New York for the West.
- 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:
- With fresh material, taxonomic conclusions are leavened by recognition that the material examined reflects the site it occupied; a herbarium packet gives one only a small fraction of the data desirable for sound conclusions. Herbarium material does not, indeed, allow one to extrapolate safely: what you see is what you get […]
- 2013 July 20, “Welcome to the plastisphere”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
- [The researchers] noticed many of their pieces of [plastic marine] debris sported surface pits around two microns across. Such pits are about the size of a bacterial cell. Closer examination showed that some of these pits did, indeed, contain bacteria, […].
- (degree, after the adjective modified) In fact.
- As a soccer player, he is terrible indeed.
- (actually): certainly, definitely, in fact, indubitably, really, surely, truly, undoubtedly; see also Thesaurus:actually
- indicates emphatic agreement
- "I am a great runner." "Indeed!"
- with interrogative intonation (low-high) indicates serious doubt.
- "I am a great runner." "Indeed?"
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.