See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
任-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(person) + phonetic  – a person doing their duty.

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人竹土 (OHG), four-corner 22214, composition)

  1. trust to, rely on, appoint
  2. to bear, duty, office
  3. allow
  4. a Chinese surname

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 94, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 416
  • Dae Jaweon: page 200, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 122, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4EFB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location 任 (姓) 任 (責)
Mandarin Beijing /ʐən³⁵/ /ʐən⁵¹/
Harbin /ʐən²⁴/ /ʐən⁵³/
Tianjin /in⁴⁵/
/ʐən⁴⁵/
/in⁵³/
/ʐən⁵³/
Jinan /ʐẽ⁴²/ /ʐẽ²¹/
Qingdao /iə̃⁴²/ /iə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐən⁴²/ /ʐən³¹²/
Xi'an /ʐẽ²⁴/ /ʐẽ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʐə̃²⁴/ /ʐə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʐəŋ⁵³/ /ʐəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʐə̃n⁵³/ /ʐə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐɤŋ⁵¹/ /ʐɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/ /nən³⁵/
Chengdu /zən³¹/ /zən¹³/
Guiyang /zen²¹/ /zen²¹³/
Kunming /ʐə̃³¹/ /ʐə̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ʐən²⁴/ /ʐən⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʐən⁵⁵/ /ʐən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /zəŋ¹¹/ /zəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʐəŋ¹³/ /ʐəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /ʐə̃ŋ³¹/ /ʐə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiŋ¹³/
/zəŋ¹³/
/zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /ȵin¹³/ /zən³¹/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/ /zen¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵaŋ³¹/ /zaŋ²²/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃²²/ /iʌ̃²²/
Tunxi /ian¹¹/ /ian¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʐən¹³/ /ʐən⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /in⁵⁵/ /in⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /lɨn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /im⁵³/ /im⁵³/
Taoyuan /im⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐm²¹/ /jɐm²²/
Nanning /jɐm²²/ /jɐm²²/
Hong Kong /jɐm²¹/ /jɐm²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lim³⁵/ /lim²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁵³/ /ɛiŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ²¹/ /iŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zim³⁵/ /zim³⁵/
/zim³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zim³⁵/ /zim³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪm/ /ȵʑi̯əm/ /ȵiəm/ /ȵim/ /ȵim/ /ȵʑĭĕm/ /ȵʑjem/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪmH/ /ȵʑi̯əmH/ /ȵiəmH/ /ȵimH/ /ȵimH/ /ȵʑĭĕmH/ /ȵʑjemH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rèn ‹ nyimH › /*n[ə]m-s/ burden; charge (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10808 1 /*njɯm/
10823 1 /*njɯms/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. responsibility
  2. duty
  3. term
  4. entrust to
  5. appoint

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 責任 ‎(せきにん, sekinin)
  • 委任 ‎(いにん, inin)
  • 解任 ‎(かいにん, kainin)
  • 無責任 ‎(むせきにん, musekinin)
  • 専任 ‎(せんにん, sennin)
  • 信任 ‎(しんにん, shinnin)
  • 任命 ‎(にんめい, ninmei)
  • 任務 ‎(にんむ, ninmu)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana にん, romaji nin)

  1. duty, responsibility, obligation

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(im) (hangeul , revised yim, McCune-Reischauer im)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhậm, nhẩm, nhầm, nhiệm, nhâm, nhăm, nhặm, vững)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit

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