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Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːn):  ‎(door) + 

Han characterEdit

(radical 169 +9, 17 strokes, cangjie input 日弓木田火 (ANDWF), four-corner 77906, composition)

  1. door screen
  2. railing fence

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1339, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41433
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1844, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4307, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+95CC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (61)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑn/ /lɑn/ /lɑn/ /lan/ /lɑn/ /lɑn/ /lɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lán ‹ lan › /*[r]ˤan/ railing

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6124 1 /*ɡ·raːn/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ran, nan) (hangeul , , revised ran, nan, McCune-Reischauer ran, nan, Yale lan, nan)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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