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See also:
U+862D, 蘭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-862D

[U+862C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+862E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +17, 23 strokes, cangjie input 廿日弓田 (TANW), four-corner 44227, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1070, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32477
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1536, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3333, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+862D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ɡ·raːn
ɡ·raːn
ɡ·raːn
ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːns
ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːnʔ, *ɡ·raːns
ɡ·raːn
ɡ·raːn
ɡ·raːn
ɡ·raːn
ɡ·raːn
ɡ·raːns
ɡ·raːns
ɡ·raːns
ɡ·raːns
ɡ·reːn
kreːnʔ, *ɡ·reːns
kreːnʔ
kreːnʔ
kraːns
ɡ·reːns
ɡ·reːns
ɡ·reːns
ɡ·reːns
ɡ·reːns
ɡ·reːns
ɡ·reːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːn): semantic  (plant) + phonetic  (OC *ɡ·raːn).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lan/
Li
Rong
/lɑn/
Wang
Li
/lɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
lán
Middle
Chinese
‹ lan ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.rˤan/
English orchid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6119
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. orchid
  2. elegant; graceful
  3. Short for 蘭州兰州 (Lánzhōu, “Lanzhou”).
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
あららぎ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

(hiragana あららぎ, rōmaji araragi)

  1. Allium macrostemon; a type of lily
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 4, page 68:
      蘭蒚 養生秘要云、蘭蒚草、蒚音隔、和名阿良々歧
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 10, page 28:
      澤蘭 陶隠居云、澤蘭、佐波阿良良歧, 一云、阿加末久佐

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
ふじばかま
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

(hiragana ふじばかま, rōmaji fujibakama, historical hiragana ふぢばかま)

  1. Eupatorium fortunei; a type of flower of the Asteraceae family
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 10, page 2:
      蘭 兼名苑云、蘭、音蘭 二字舊無、今依下總本錄存廣本亦有是音、一名薫音恵、本草 布知波加麻、新撰万葉集別用藤袴二字

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

Kanji in this term
らん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

(hiragana らん, rōmaji Ran)

  1. orchid; a plant of the orchid family, bearing unusually-shaped flowers of beautiful colours.
  2. A female given name
  3. Holland, Dutch

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. orchid
  2. The Netherlands (Holland)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ran, nan) (hangeul , , revised ran, nan, McCune-Reischauer ran, nan, Yale lan, nan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lan, lơn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.