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Contents

TranslingualEdit

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note the difference between the traditional Chinese (柬) and the Japanese shinjitai ().

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  ‎(silk) + 

In Japanese, Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  ‎(silk) + .

Han characterEdit

(radical 120 +9 in Chinese, 糸+8 in Japanese, in Chinese 15 strokes, in Japanese 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火木田火 (VFDWF), four-corner 25996, composition or ⿰)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 932, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27631
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1370, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3424, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7DF4

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lenH/ /lienH/ /lenH/ /lenH/ /lɛnH/ /lienH/ /lɛnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
liàn ‹ lenH › /*[r]ˤen-s/ sized white silk

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6141 2 /*ɡ·reːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. practice, drill, exercise, train
  2. white silk

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ryeon, yeon) (hangeul , , revised ryeon, yeon, McCune-Reischauer ryŏn, yŏn, Yale lyen, yen)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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