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See also:
U+703E, 瀾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-703E

[U+703D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+703F]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +17, 20 strokes, cangjie input 水日弓田 (EANW), four-corner 37120, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 661, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18722
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1071, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1790, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+703E

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːnʔ, *ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːn
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·raːns
*ɡ·reːn
*kreːnʔ, *ɡ·reːns
*kreːnʔ
*kreːnʔ
*kraːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns
*ɡ·reːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːns): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *ɡ·raːn).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.
variant forms second round simp.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (61) (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lan/ /lanH/
Li
Rong
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Wang
Li
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lán làn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6122 6132
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raːn/ /*ɡ·raːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. wave
  2. ripple

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

trad.
simp.
variant forms second round simp.

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 瀾漫澜漫.

Etymology 3Edit

trad.
simp.
variant forms



From (OC *ljan, “saliva”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (chiefly Min) saliva
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 口水 (“saliva; drool”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 唾液, 口涎, 口水
Mandarin Beijing 哈喇子
Taiwan 口水
Tianjin 哈喇子
Harbin 口水, 哈喇子
Shenyang 吃水, 哈喇子
Hailar 哈喇子
Ulanhot 哈喇子
Tongliao 哈喇子
Chifeng 唾沫
Bayanhot 涎水, 口水
Jinan 吃拉拉, 咧涎, 涎線, 哈喇子
Muping 痴水, 痴水痘兒
Wanrong 涎水
Xi'an 涎水
Zhengzhou 嘴水
Xining 涎水
Xuzhou 口水, 口婁水
Yinchuan 涎水
Lanzhou 涎水
Ürümqi 涎水, 哈喇子
Wuhan , 涎水
Chengdu 口水, 憨口水
Guiyang 口水
Guilin 口水
Liuzhou 口水, 口漦 dated
Kunming 口水
Yangzhou 口水
Nanjing 口水
Hefei 口水
Nantong , 唾沫
Cantonese Guangzhou 口水
Hong Kong 口水
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 口水
Foshan 口水
Shunde 口水
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 口涎
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 口水
Taishan 口水
Kaiping (Chikan) 口水
Dongguan 口水
Shaoguan 口水
Yunfu 口水
Yangjiang 口水
Xinyi 口水
Lianjiang 口水
Nanning 口水
Wuzhou 口水
Yulin 涎水
Hepu 涎水, 口水
Kuala Lumpur 口水
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan 口瀾
Pingxiang 饞水
Hakka Meixian 口瀾, 口瀾水, 口水
Xingning 口瀾
Huidong (Daling) 口水
Qujiang 口瀾
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 口水
Luchuan 口水
Changting 口瀾
Pingyu 口瀾
Wuping 口瀾
Liancheng 口瀾
Ninghua 口瀾
Yudu 喉瀾水
Ruijin 夫瀾水, 夫瀾
Shicheng 口瀾
Shangyou 口瀾
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 口瀾, 口瀾水
Liudui (S. Sixian) 口瀾, 口瀾水
Hsinchu (Hailu) 口水, 口瀾, 口瀾水
Dongshi (Dabu) 口瀾, 口瀾水
Hsinchu (Raoping) 口瀾, 口瀾水
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 口瀾, 口瀾水
Hong Kong 口水
Sabah 口水
Senai 口水
Singkawang 口水
Huizhou Jixi 口涎, 口水
Jin Taiyuan 涎水
Xinzhou 涎水
Baochang 涎水
Jining 涎水
Hohhot 涎拉子
Baotou 涎水
Dongsheng 涎水
Linhe 涎水
Haibowan 涎水
Min Bei Jian'ou , 瀾水
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Min Nan Xiamen , 喙瀾, 津液
Quanzhou , 喙瀾, 津液
Zhangzhou , 喙瀾, 津液
Taipei , 喙瀾
Kaohsiung , 喙瀾
Tainan , 喙瀾
Taichung , 喙瀾
Wuqi 喙瀾
Hsinchu , 喙瀾
Taitung 喙瀾
Lukang
Sanxia 喙瀾
Yilan , 喙瀾
Kinmen
Magong , 喙瀾
Penang
Singapore
Pingnan 瀾水
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Haikou , 瀾水
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi)
Guilin (Dahe) 口水
Wu Shanghai 饞唾, 饞唾水
Suzhou 饞唾, 饞唾水
Hangzhou 饞唾, 饞唾水兒
Wenzhou 口灡水, 饞灡,
Chongming 饞唾水
Danyang 痰吐, 涎吐, 饞吐
Jinhua 口唾水
Ningbo 饞唾水, 饞茶水, 爛唾水
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng 口水,
Xiangtan 痰水子
Loudi 口水,
Quanzhou 口水

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. large waves

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): らん (ran)
  • Kun: なみ (nami, )

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ran>nan) (hangeul >, revised ran>nan, McCune–Reischauer ran>nan, Yale lan>nan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • Nôm: lan, tràn

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999