See also:
U+703E, 瀾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-703E

[U+703D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+703F]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +17, 20 strokes, cangjie input 水日弓田 (EANW), four-corner 37120, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 661, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18722
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1071, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1790, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+703E

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːn, *ɡ·raːns): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *ɡ·raːn).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms second round simp.

(làng, “wave”) may be a colloquial variant. Phonetically too distant to be related to Thai คลื่น (klʉ̂ʉn, wave) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (61) (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lan/ /lanH/
Li
Rong
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Wang
Li
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑn/ /lɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
lán làn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6122 6132
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raːn/ /*ɡ·raːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. wave
  2. ripple

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms second round simp.

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 瀾漫澜漫.

Etymology 3Edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms



From (OC *ljan, “saliva”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (chiefly Min) saliva
SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. large waves

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): らん (ran)
  • Kun: なみ (nami, )

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC lɑn, lɑnH). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: lan) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 물결 (mulgyeol ran), South Korea 물결 (mulgyeol nan))

  1. Hanja form? of / (wave).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • Nôm: lan, tràn

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999