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U+843D, 落
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-843D

[U+843C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+843E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿水竹口 (TEHR), four-corner 44164, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1043, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31362
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1503, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3255, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+843D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰraːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 *ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
*klaːɡ
*kʰlaːɡ
*kʰaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡ·raɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡ·raːɡ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • luò - "drop, fall, settle";
  • là - "leave behind";
  • lào - "go down";
  • luō - only used in 大大落落 (Mainland standard).
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • lo̍k - literary;
    • lak/lo̍h/lauh/lō͘/làu/lo̍h - vernacular;
    • la̍uh - possibly unrelated.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (103)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɑk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɑk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /lɑk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lɑk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lɑk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    luò
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    luò
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kə.rˁak/
    English fall (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3880
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·raːɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to fall; to drop
        ―  luò  ―  sunset; sundown
      多少 [Classical Chinese, trad. and simp.]
      From: Meng Haoran
      huā luò zhī duōshǎo [Pinyin]
      How many are the fallen flowers?
    2. to leave out
    3. to leave behind
    4. to lag; to fall behind
    5. to be on the wane; to write down; to settle
    6. (Cantonese) to go down; to get out of
      [Guangzhou Cantonese]  ―  lok6 syun4 [Jyutping]  ―  to disembark from a boat
      / [Guangzhou Cantonese]  ―  lok6 ce1 [Jyutping]  ―  to exit a car
    7. (Cantonese) to fall down; to rain or snow
      已經喺度 [Cantonese, trad.]
      已经喺度 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Di1 jyu5 jat1 dik1 dou1 mei6 lok6 keoi5 ji5 ging1 hai2 dou6 lo2 zyu6 baa2 ze1 haang4. [Jyutping]
      He had already started to carry an umbrella before the rain even began to fall.
    8. (Cantonese) to put in
      味精 [Cantonese]  ―  lok6 mei6 zing1 [Jyutping]  ―  to add MSG
    9. (Cantonese) down [onto; to]
      地下 [Cantonese]  ―  daa2 lok6 dei6 haa6-2 dou6 [Jyutping]  ―  to hit something and cause it to fall to the ground
    10. to come down
    11. to fall down
    12. into
    13. (Min Dong) a classifier for residences

    See alsoEdit

    • (xià)
    • (jiā, “to add”)
    • (diào)

    DescendantsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. to fall
    2. to leave behind
    3. to drop
    4. to come down

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 떨어질 (tteoreojil rak), South Korea 떨어질 (tteoreojil nak))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (lạc, lác, lát, nhác, rác, rạc, xạc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.