See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zuːnʔ, *zuːns): semantic  ‎(fish) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ʔsuːn)

Han characterEdit

(radical 195 +12, 23 strokes, cangjie input 弓火廿田戈 (NFTWI), four-corner 28346, composition)

  1. barbel

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1478, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46492
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2009, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4715, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9C52

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (15) (15)
Final () (55) (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zuənX/ /d͡zuənH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zuonX/ /d͡zuonH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuənX/ /d͡zuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zwənX/ /d͡zwənH/
Li
Rong
/d͡zuənX/ /d͡zuənH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zuənX/ /d͡zuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱuənX/ /d͡zʱuənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zùn zùn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17994 17995
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zuːnʔ/ /*zuːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
ます
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

EtymologyEdit

Generally thought to derive from a Korean dialectal term for the fish, which would have entered Japanese as (matsu no uo, "pine fish", possibly in reference to wooded streams where it can be caught), combining with or being influenced by the verb 増す (masu, "to be excellent, superior", in reference to the size, flavor, and other favorable characteristics of the fish).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ます, katakana マス, romaji masu)

  1. trout, sea trout: more specifically, fish belonging to genera of the family Salmonidae: Salmo, Oncorhynchus, Coregonus, or Salvelinus

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as マス.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jun) (hangeul , revised jun, McCune-Reischauer chun, Yale cwun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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