U+5C0A, 尊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C0A

[U+5C09]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C0B]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 41, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿田木戈 (TWDI), four-corner 80346, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 295, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7445
  • Dae Jaweon: page 585, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 509, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5C0A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𡭆
𢍜
𥈪
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • Zun (English)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (vinegar) +  (hand) – to give (cùn) an offering (qiú) – to show respect, veneration.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suən/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡suon/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡suən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡swən/
Li
Rong
/t͡suən/
Wang
Li
/t͡suən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zūn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zūn zūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tswon › ‹ tswon ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˁu[n]/ /*[ts]ˁu[n]/
English honor (v.) wine-cup

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17984
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsuːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to respect; to revere; to venerate
  2. to honor
  3. ancient wine vessel made of bronze

SynonymsEdit

  • (respect): (jìng), (chóng), (zhòng)
  • (respectable): (chóng)

AntonymsEdit

  • (respect): (), (miè), (miǎo)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. noble, precious
  2. exalt, revere
  3. indicates respect and reverence, such as to a buddha or nobleman

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
みこと
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Derived from (mi-, honorific prefix) +‎ (koto, thing, matter).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(みこと) (mikoto

  1. (Shinto) indicates respect and reverence, such as to the (kami, Shinto deity) or the 天皇 (tennō, Emperor of Japan): Highness
  2. (by extension) indicates respect to a superior or other high-ranking person
  3. indicates deep affection: beloved
    • 711712, Kojiki (poem 4)
      ...和加久佐能(わかくさの)都麻能(つまの)美許登(みこと)許登能(ことの)加多理碁登母(かたりごとも)許遠婆(こをば) [Man'yōgana]
      ...若草(わかくさ)(つま)みこと(こと)(かた)(ごと)もこをば [Modern spelling]
      wakakusa no tsuma no mikoto koto no katarigoto mo ko o ba
      (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived termsEdit

PronounEdit

(みこと) (mikoto

  1. (archaic, derogatory) second person personal pronoun: you
    Synonyms: あんた (anta), お前様 (omae-sama), 貴様 (kisama)
  2. (archaic) third person pronoun
    Synonyms: お方 (o-kata), (hito)
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(みこと) (Mikoto

  1. a female given name

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
とうと
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

⟨taputo1 → */taputʷo//tafuto//tauto//tɔːto//toːto/

From Old Japanese.

Stem of classical adjective 尊し (tafutoshi → tōtoshi), modern 尊い (tōtoi, precious, sacred).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(とうと) (tōto (historical kana たふと)

  1. respect, reverence
    • 1702, Oku no Hosomichi
      あらたうと (あを)()(わか)()の ()(ひかり)
      ara-tōto, aoba wakaba no, hi no hikari
      (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
そん
Grade: 6
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡suən).

Compare modern Mandarin (zūn).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(そん) (son

  1. a superior
  2. (historical) zun: an ancient wine vessel usually made of bronze

CounterEdit

(そん) (-son

  1. (Buddhism) counter for buddhas

Proper nounEdit

(そん) (Son

  1. a male or female given name

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 6
Irregular

Nominalization of classical adjective 高し (takashi), modern 高い (takai, high).

Proper nounEdit

(たかし) (Takashi

  1. a male given name

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 6
Irregular

Various theories exist, possibly a nominalization of verb 長ける (takeru, to excel at).

Proper nounEdit

(たける) (Takeru

  1. a male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 높을 (nopeul jon))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: tôn ((tổ)(côn)(thiết))[1][2][3]
: Nôm readings: tôn[2][4], nhôn[3][5], ton[3][5], chun[1], tông[1], tun[5]

  1. Hán tự form of tôn (to respect).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit