See also:
U+677E, 松
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-677E

[U+677D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+677F]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木金戈 (DCI), four-corner 48932, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 514, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14516
  • Dae Jaweon: page 901, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1173, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+677E

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sɢloŋ): semantic  (wood) + phonetic  (OC *kloːŋ).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms


 
Wikipedia has an article on:

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chêng/chhêng - vernacular (chêng is more common in Xiamen and Quanzhou);
  • siông - literary.
Note:
  • sêng5 - vernacular;
  • song5 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 松 (樹)
    Mandarin Beijing /suŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /suŋ²¹/
    Jinan /ɕyŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /səŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /syuŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /suŋ²¹/
    Xining /suə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /sũn³¹/
    Ürümqi /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /soŋ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /soŋ³¹/
    Hefei /səŋ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /soŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /soŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /jyɔ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰan⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /soŋ³³/
    /t͡soŋ¹³/
    Xiangtan /sən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuŋ²⁴/ ~毛
    /suŋ⁴²/ ~香
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰiuŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /suŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔŋ³⁵/
    /t͡siŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /syŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sœyŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /soŋ⁵⁵/
    /seŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /toŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /zɨoŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /zioŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /zioŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zuawŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /zioŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭwoŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯woŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sóng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    sōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zjowng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə.ɢoŋ/
    English pine (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4115
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sɢloŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. pine tree
    2. fir tree
    3. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“loose; to loosen; to relax; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    まつ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (まつ) (matsu

    1. a pine tree
    2. a pine branch decorated for the celebration of New Year
    3. the highest rank of a 3-tier ranking system

    Coordinate termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (まつ) (Matsu

    1. A surname​.

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 소나무 (sonamu song))

    1. pine

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tùng, thông, tòng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ZhuangEdit

    NumeralEdit

    1. Sawndip form of song