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See also:
U+677E, 松
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-677E

[U+677D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+677F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木金戈 (DCI), four-corner 48932, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 514, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14516
  • Dae Jaweon: page 901, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1173, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+677E

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qroːŋʔ
*kluːnʔ
*kluːnʔ
*kluːnʔ
*kluːnʔ
*sʰloːŋ
*sqʰloːŋs, *sqʰluːŋ, *skʰloŋ, *sqʰloŋ
*sqʰloːŋs, *sqʰloŋ, *sɢloŋ
*kloːŋ
*kloːŋ, *kljoŋ
*qloːŋ
*qloːŋ
*qloːŋ, *qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋs
*sqʰluŋ
*sqʰluŋ
*sqʰluŋ
*sqʰloŋ, *sɢloŋ
*sqʰloŋ
*sqʰloŋ
*sɢloŋ
*sɢloŋ, *sɢloŋs
*sɢloŋs, *loŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ, *lon

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sɢloŋ): semantic  (wood) + phonetic  (OC *kloːŋ).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms


 
Wikipedia has an article on:

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chêng/chhêng - vernacular (chêng is more common in Xiamen and Quanzhou);
  • siông - literary.
Note:
  • sêng5 - vernacular;
  • song5 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 松 (樹)
    Mandarin Beijing /suŋ˥˥/
    Harbin /suŋ˦˦/
    Tianjin /suŋ˨˩/
    Jinan /ɕyŋ˨˩˧/
    Qingdao /səŋ˨˩˧/
    Zhengzhou /syuŋ˨˦/
    Xi'an /suŋ˨˩/
    Xining /suə̃˦˦/
    Yinchuan /suŋ˦˦/
    Lanzhou /sũn˧˩/
    Ürümqi /suŋ˦˦/
    Wuhan /soŋ˥˥/
    Chengdu /soŋ˥˥/
    Guiyang /soŋ˥˥/
    Kunming /soŋ˦˦/
    Nanjing /soŋ˧˩/
    Hefei /səŋ˥˧/
    Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ˩˩/
    Pingyao /suŋ˩˧/
    Hohhot /sũŋ˧˩/
    Wu Shanghai /soŋ˥˧/
    Suzhou /soŋ˥˥/
    Hangzhou /soŋ˧˧/
    Wenzhou /jyɔ˧˩/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃˦˦/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰan˦˦/
    Xiang Changsha /soŋ˧˧/
    /t͡soŋ˩˧/
    Xiangtan /sən˧˧/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuŋ˨˦/ ~毛
    /suŋ˦˨/ ~香
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰiuŋ˩˩/
    Taoyuan /suŋ˩˩/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ˨˩/
    Nanning /t͡sʰuŋ˨˩/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰuŋ˨˩/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔŋ˧˥/
    /t͡siŋ˧˥/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /syŋ˥˧/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sœyŋ˨˩/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /soŋ˥˥/
    /seŋ˥˥/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /toŋ˧˩/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /zɨoŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /zioŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /zioŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zuawŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /zioŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭwoŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯woŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sóng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    sōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zjowng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə.ɢoŋ/
    English pine (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4115
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sɢloŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. pine tree
    2. fir tree
    3. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“loose; to loosen; to relax; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    まつ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi
      This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana まつ, rōmaji matsu)

    1. a pine tree
    2. a pine branch decorated for the celebration of New Year
    3. the highest rank of a 3-tier ranking system

    Coordinate termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana まつ, rōmaji Matsu)

    1. A surname​.

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 소나무 (sonamu song))

    1. pine

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tùng, thông)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.