Last modified on 18 December 2014, at 05:36

TranslingualEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • See also (different characters in Traditional Chinese and Japanese)
  • Other forms: , , ,

EtymologyEdit

Originally semantic ("wood") + phonetic (pinyin: gōng, Old Chinese: *C.qˁoŋ).

Separately, for only the senses listed at Mandarin below, the simplified form of .

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木金戈 (DCI), four-corner 48932, composition)

  1. pine tree
  2. fir tree
  3. A surname, listed 216th in the Baijiaxing
  4. (simplified) lax, loose
  5. (simplified) loosen, relax

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 514, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14516
  • Dae Jaweon: page 901, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1173, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+677E

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad. 松/

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (松), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 邪 (17)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 祥容切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/zɨoŋ/ /zi̯woŋ/ /zioŋ/ /zioŋ/ /zuawŋ/ /zĭwoŋ/ /zioŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sōng ‹ zjowng › /*sə.ɢoŋ/ pine (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4115 0 /*sɢloŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. As above.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Simplified, adj.): Loose, lax.
  2. (Simplified, v.): Loosen, make lax.

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

The pronunciation changed if used as .


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
まつ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana まつ, romaji matsu)

  1. a pine tree
  2. a pine branch decorated for the celebration of New Year
  3. the highest rank of a 3-tier ranking system

Coordinate termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana まつ, romaji Matsu)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(song) (hangeul , revised song, McCune-Reischauer song, Yale song)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tùng, thông, tòng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.