U+677E, 松
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-677E

[U+677D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+677F]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木金戈 (DCI), four-corner 48932, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 514, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14516
  • Dae Jaweon: page 901, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1173, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+677E

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qroːŋʔ
*kluːnʔ
*kluːnʔ
*kluːnʔ
*kluːnʔ
*sʰloːŋ
*sqʰloːŋs, *sqʰluːŋ, *skʰloŋ, *sqʰloŋ
*sqʰloːŋs, *sqʰloŋ, *sɢloŋ
*kloːŋ
*kloːŋ, *kljoŋ
*qloːŋ
*qloːŋ
*qloːŋ, *qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋʔ
*qloːŋs
*sqʰluŋ
*sqʰluŋ
*sqʰluŋ
*sqʰloŋ, *sɢloŋ
*sqʰloŋ
*sqʰloŋ
*sɢloŋ
*sɢloŋ, *sɢloŋs
*sɢloŋs, *loŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ
*kljoŋ, *lon

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sɢloŋ): semantic (wood) + phonetic (OC *kloːŋ).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms


PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • siông - literary;
  • chêng/chhêng - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 松 (樹)
Mandarin Beijing /suŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /suŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /suŋ²¹/
Jinan /ɕyŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /səŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /syuŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /suŋ²¹/
Xining /suə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /suŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /sũn³¹/
Ürümqi /suŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /soŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /soŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /soŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /soŋ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /soŋ³¹/
Hefei /səŋ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /soŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /soŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /soŋ³³/
Wenzhou /jyɔ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /soŋ³³/
/t͡soŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /sən³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuŋ²⁴/ ~毛
/suŋ⁴²/ ~香
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰiuŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /suŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰoŋ²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰuŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔŋ³⁵/
/t͡siŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /syŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sœyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /soŋ⁵⁵/
/seŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /toŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (17)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/zioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/zioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/zioŋ/
Wang
Li
/zĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ zjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə.ɢoŋ/
English pine (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4115
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sɢloŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. pine tree
  2. fir tree
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“loose; relax”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
まつ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana まつ, romaji matsu)

  1. a pine tree
  2. a pine branch decorated for the celebration of New Year
  3. the highest rank of a 3-tier ranking system

Coordinate termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana まつ, romaji Matsu)

  1. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(song) (hangeul , revised song, McCune-Reischauer song, Yale song)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tùng, thông, tòng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.