TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(wood) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木廿田戈 (DTWI), four-corner 48946, composition)

  1. goblet
  2. jar, jug
  3. lush

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 552, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15500
  • Dae Jaweon: page 940, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1295, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6A3D

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (樽), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 祖昆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡suən/ /t͡suən/ /t͡suən/ /t͡suon/ /t͡swən/ /t͡suən/ /t͡suən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zūn ‹ tswon › /*[ts]ˤu[n]/ wine-cup

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17985 2 /*ʔsuːn/ 同尊見易

NounEdit

  1. vase
  2. bottle
    玻璃 [Cantonese]  ―  bo1 lei4 zeon1 [Jyutping]  ―  glass bottle

Usage notesEdit

  • Cantonese regularly uses to mean "bottle", whereas Mandarin uses 瓶子.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
たる
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana たる, romaji taru)

  1. barrel

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
そん
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(tswon).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana そん, romaji son)

  1. barrel

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jun) (hangeul , revised jun, McCune-Reischauer chun, Yale cwun)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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ReferencesEdit

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