Open main menu
See also: , , and
U+624D, 才
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-624D

[U+624C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+624E]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 64, +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 木竹 (DH), four-corner 40200, composition𬺰丿(GHTV) or ⿻𬺰丿(JK))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 416, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11769
  • Dae Jaweon: page 763, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1824, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+624D

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zraː, *zraːʔ, *ʔsrɯ, *zrɯ
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *zlɯːs
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *ʔslɯ
*zlɯːʔ, *zlɯːs
*zrɯː

Pictogram (象形) – sprouting of seeds.

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

Derivatives: (OC *zlɯː, “material; timber”), (OC *zlɯː, “riches; property; money”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • cài - vernacular;
  • chài - literary (奴才);
  • còi - vernacular (秀才).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • châi - vernacular;
    • chhâi - literary (classifier).
    Note: zai5 - used in 秀才.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (41)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zəi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zəj/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    cái
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    cái
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dz]ˁə/
    English talent, ability

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 1061
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zlɯː/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. ability; gift; talent; capability
    2. talented person; talent
    3. one with a certain status or background
    4. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (“classifier for volume (of wood) and area (of paper, glass, stone, curtain, etc.)”).
    5. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    trad. /*
    simp.

    PronunciationEdit


    Note:
    • chăi - vernacular;
    • chài - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (15) (15)
    Final () (41) (41)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡zʌi/ /d͡zʌiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zəi/ /d͡zəiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zɒi/ /d͡zɒiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zəj/ /d͡zəjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡zᴀi/ /d͡zᴀiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zɒi/ /d͡zɒiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱɑ̆i/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    cái zài
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 1061 1220
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zlɯː/ /*zlɯːs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. only; just; merely
      1. Used in the 才……就…… structure; only; just
    2. only a short while ago; just
    3. only after; only then; not ... until
    4. Used to emphasize that something is/is not.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms Min Dong

    Possibly from (“just”) (Taiwan MoE).

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    (Min)

    1. only; merely
    2. just; just now; a moment ago
    3. only then; only after
    4. Used to emphasize that something is/is not.

    SynonymsEdit

    • (just now):

    CompoundsEdit

    Further readingEdit

    Etymology 4Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. age
    2. years old

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana さい, rōmaji sai)

    1. ability, talent, aptitude
    2. simplified form of
    3. alternative form of the volumetric unit  (しょう) (shō)

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 재주 (jaeju jae))

    1. Hanja form? of (talent).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: tài

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.