U+624D, 才
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-624D

[U+624C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+624E]
See also: , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 木竹 (DH), four-corner 40200)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 416, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11769
  • Dae Jaweon: page 763, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1824, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+624D

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*zraː, *zraːʔ, *ʔsrɯ, *zrɯ
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *zlɯːs
*zlɯː
*zlɯː, *ʔslɯ
*zlɯːʔ, *zlɯːs
*zrɯː

Pictogram (象形) – sprouting of seeds.

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

Derivatives: (OC *zlɯː, “material; timber”), (OC *zlɯː, “riches; property; money”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • cài - vernacular;
  • chài - literary (奴才);
  • còi - vernacular (秀才).
Note:
  • châi - vernacular;
  • chhâi - literary (classifier).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (15)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zəi/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zəj/
Li
Rong
/d͡zᴀi/
Wang
Li
/d͡zɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cái
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cái
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˤə/
English talent, ability

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1061
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zlɯː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ability; gift; talent; capability
  2. talented person; talent
  3. one with a certain status or background
  4. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (“classifier for volume (of wood) and area (of paper, glass, stone, curtain, etc.)”).
  5. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

trad. /
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chăi - vernacular;
  • chài - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (15) (15)
Final () (41) (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zʌi/ /d͡zʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zəi/ /d͡zəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɒi/ /d͡zɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zəj/ /d͡zəjH/
Li
Rong
/d͡zᴀi/ /d͡zᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zɒi/ /d͡zɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱɑ̆i/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cái zài
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1061 1220
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zlɯː/ /*zlɯːs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. only; just; merely
    1. Used in the 才……就…… structure; only; just
  2. only a short while ago; just
  3. only after; only then; not ... until
  4. Used to emphasize that something is/is not.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms Min Dong

Possibly from (“just”) (Taiwan MoE).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

(Min)

  1. only; merely
  2. just; just now
  3. only then; only after
  4. Used to emphasize that something is/is not.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana さい, romaji sai)

  1. ability, talent, aptitude
  2. simplified form of
  3. alternative form of the volumetric unit  (しょう)(shō)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jae, McCune-Reischauer: chae, Yale: cay)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tài)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.