See also: eiro



Alternative formsEdit


From Old Portuguese -eiro, from Latin -ārius and -ārium, with metathesis of "i" (through a Vulgar Latin form *-airu). Compare Spanish -ero. Doublet of the borrowed suffix -ário.



-eiro m (feminine -eira, plural -eiros, feminine plural -eiras)

  1. forms nouns from nouns or verbs, denoting someone who works with the suffixed noun or engages in the suffixed verb; -er; -eer
    cozinha(kitchen) + ‎-eiro → ‎cozinheiro(cook)
    aventura(adventure) + ‎-eiro → ‎aventureiro(adventurer)
    companhia(company) + ‎-eiro → ‎companheiro(companion)
  2. forms nouns, from nouns denoting a location or type of location, meaning “someone from the location” and adjectives meaning “of, from or related to the location”
    Brasil(Brazil) + ‎-eiro → ‎brasileiro(Brazilian)
    costa(coast) + ‎-eiro → ‎costeiro(of the coast; someone who lives by the coast)
  3. forms nouns from the names of fruits or other plant products, denoting the plant bearing them, usually trees and shrubs
    pêssego(peach fruit) + ‎-eiro → ‎pessegueiro(peach tree)
    rosa(rose) + ‎-eira → ‎roseira(rosebush)
  4. (usually feminine) forms nouns, from nouns or adjectives, denoting a state, property or quality of being the suffixed adjective or having the suffixed noun; -ity, -ness
    sujo(filthy) + ‎-eira → ‎sujeira(filth)
    besta(foolish) + ‎-eira → ‎besteira(foolery)
    nojo(disgust) + ‎-eira → ‎nojeira(something disgusting)
  5. forms nouns, from nouns, denoting a place where there is plenty of the suffixed noun
    lama(mud) + ‎-eiro → ‎lameiro(place with a lot of mud)
  6. forms nouns, from verbs, denoting a place where the suffixed verb is likely to occur
    atolar(to bog down) + ‎-eiro → ‎atoleiro(place where vehicles bog down frequently)
  7. forms the names of trees, often synonyms
    carvalho(oak) + ‎-eira → ‎carvalheira(English oak)
    azinho(holm oak) + ‎-eira → ‎azinheira(holm oak)
    pinho(pine tree) + ‎-eiro → ‎pinheiro(pine tree)
  8. forms nouns from nouns, denoting a container for the suffixed noun
    lápis(pencil) + ‎-eiro → ‎lapiseiro(pencil case)
    sal(salt) + ‎-eiro → ‎saleiro(salt cellar)
  9. forms adjectives meaning “which transports the suffixed noun”, and nouns meaning “a ship which transports the suffixed noun”
    carga(cargo; load) + ‎-eiro → ‎cargueiro(which transports cargo)
    navio(ship) + negro(black person) + ‎-eiro → ‎navio-negreiro(slave ship)
    petróleo(petroleum) + ‎-eiro → ‎petroleiro(oil tanker)
  10. forms nouns, from the name of a drug, denoting someone who is addicted to the drug; -head
    maconha(marijuana) + ‎-eiro → ‎maconheiro(stoner; pothead)
  11. forms nouns and adjectives, from nouns, denoting a fan of the suffixed noun
    metal(heavy metal) + ‎-eiro → ‎metaleiro(metalhead)
    novela(soap opera) + ‎-eiro → ‎noveleiro(fan of soap operas)


Related termsEdit