From Proto-Italic *sedēō, from Proto-Indo-European *sed-, the same root as sīdō. Cognates include Sanskrit सीदति ‎(sīdati), Old Church Slavonic сѣдѣти ‎(sěděti), Old English sittan (English sit). Confer sīdo ‎(I settle, I sink down).



sedeō ‎(present infinitive sedēre, perfect active sēdī, supine sessum); second conjugation

  1. I sit, I am seated
  2. I sit in an official seat; sit in council or court, hold court, preside
  3. I keep the field, remain encamped
  4. I settle or sink down, subside
  5. I sit still; remain, tarry, stay, abide, linger, loiter; sit around
  6. I hold or hang fast or firm; I am established


This verb lacks almost all passive forms. Only the third-person singular passive forms are known.

   Conjugation of sedeo (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sedeō sedēs sedet sedēmus sedētis sedent
imperfect sedēbam sedēbās sedēbat sedēbāmus sedēbātis sedēbant
future sedēbō sedēbis sedēbit sedēbimus sedēbitis sedēbunt
perfect sēdī sēdistī sēdit sēdimus sēdistis sēdērunt, sēdēre
pluperfect sēderam sēderās sēderat sēderāmus sēderātis sēderant
future perfect sēderō sēderis sēderit sēderimus sēderitis sēderint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sedeam sedeās sedeat sedeāmus sedeātis sedeant
imperfect sedērem sedērēs sedēret sedērēmus sedērētis sedērent
perfect sēderim sēderīs sēderit sēderīmus sēderītis sēderint
pluperfect sēdissem sēdissēs sēdisset sēdissēmus sēdissētis sēdissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present sedē sedēte
future sedētō sedētō sedētōte sedentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives sedēre sēdisse sessūrus esse
participles sedēns sessūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
sedēre sedendī sedendō sedendum sessum sessū

Derived termsEdit



  • sedeo” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
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