From Proto-Italic *sedēō, from Proto-Indo-European *sed-, the same root as sīdō. Cognates include Sanskrit सीदति (sīdati), Old Church Slavonic сѣдѣти (sěděti), Old English sittan (English sit). Confer sīdo (“I settle, I sink down”).
- I sit, I am seated.
- I sit in an official seat; sit in council or court, hold court, preside.
- I keep the field, remain encamped.
- I settle or sink down, subside.
- I sit still; remain, tarry, stay, abide, linger, loiter; sit around.
- I hold or hang fast or firm; I am established.
This verb lacks almost all passive forms. Only the third-person singular passive forms are known.
- “sedeo” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.