Abraham

EnglishEdit

 
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Abraham Sends Hagar and Ishmael Away (Gen. 21:1-14)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English Abraham, from Old English Abraham, from Late Latin Ābrahām, from Ancient Greek Ἀβρᾱᾱ́μ (Abrāā́m), from Hebrew אַבְרָהָם(aḇrāˈhām, Abraham). Glossed as אַב(aḇ, father of) + הֲמוֹן(hăˈmōn, multitude of) in Genesis 17:4–5; or from Hebrew אַבְרָם(aˈḇrām, Abram). Doublet of Ibrahim.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈeɪ.bɹə.hæm/, (rare) /ˈɑː.bɹə.hæm/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈeɪ.bɹəˌhæm/, /ˈeɪ.bɹə.həm/
  • (file)

Proper nounEdit

Abraham (plural Abrahams)

  1. (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Baha'i) A prophet in the Old Testament, Qur'an and Aqdas; a Semitic patriarch who preached monotheism, father of the Jewish patriarch Isaac and the Arab patriarch Ishmael. [First attested prior to 1150.][1]
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Genesis 17:5, column 2:
      Neither ſhall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name ſhall bee Abraham: for a father of many nations haue I made thee.
    • 1980, Werner Keller, The Bible as History (tr. by William Neil), chapter 7, page 93:
      As one would expect of caravan people around 1900 B.C., the caravan people depicted in the Khnum-hotpe grave had donkeys, whereas the Bible says that Abraham and his people, who according to the traditional interpretation are supposed to have lived at the same period, already possessed camels.
    Synonyms: Abram, Ibrahim
  2. A male given name from Hebrew. [First attested prior to 1150.][1]
    • 1961, Kurt Vonnegut, Mother Night, Dell (1975), page 28:
      "Lincoln wasn't a Jew, was he?" he said. "I'm sure not," I said. [] "The name Abraham is very suspicious, to say the least," said Goebbels. "I'm sure his parents didn't realize that it was a Jewish name," I said. "They must have just liked the sound of it. They were simple frontier people. If they'd known the name was Jewish, I'm sure they would have called him something more American, like George or Stanley or Fred."
  3. A patronymic surname​. [First attested prior to 1150.][1]
  4. The 14th sura (chapter) of the Qur'an.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

Abraham (plural Abrahams)

  1. (archaic, British slang, chiefly London) A shop selling cheap and low-quality clothes, especially in the East End of London.[2][3]
    Synonym: slopshop

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 “Abraham”, in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 7.
  2. ^ Albert Barrère and Charles G[odfrey] Leland, compilers and editors, “Abraham”, in A Dictionary of Slang, Jargon & Cant [], volume I (A–K), Edinburgh: [] The Ballantyne Press, 1889–1890, OCLC 882571771, page 7.
  3. ^ Farmer, John Stephen, Slang and Its Analogues[1], volume 1, 1890, page 9

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Abraham m

  1. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham
  2. (biblical) Abraham

CebuanoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English Abraham and Spanish Abraham, from Late Latin Ābraham, from Ancient Greek Ἀβραάμ (Abraám), from Hebrew אַבְרָהָם(avrahám, Abraham).

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: A‧bra‧ham

Proper nounEdit

Abraham

  1. A male given name from English.
  2. (biblical) Abraham

CzechEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Abraham m anim

  1. (biblical) Abraham (a prophet in the Old Testament)
  2. A male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Abraham.

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Abraham in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • Abrahám in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Latin Ābrahām, from Ancient Greek Ἀβραάμ (Abraám), from Biblical Hebrew אַבְרָהָם‎.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈaː.braːˌɦɑm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: Abra‧ham

Proper nounEdit

Abraham m

  1. Abraham (Biblical character, presented as ancestral to many western Semitic peoples)
  2. A male given name from Hebrew, equivalent to English Abraham.

Related termsEdit


EweEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Abraham

  1. (biblical) Abraham
  2. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham.

QuotationsEdit

  • Eʋe Biblia (Bible Society of Ghana) — Eyata womagayɔ wò bena Abram akpɔ o, ke boŋ Abraham anye wò ŋkɔ. Mose I 17:5

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Abraham m

  1. (biblical) Abraham
  2. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham.

GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈaːbʁaˌha(ː)m/
  • IPA(key): /ˈaːbʁa(ː)m/ (often in fluent speech, not usually in isolation)
  • (file)

Proper nounEdit

Abraham m (genitive Abrahams)

  1. (biblical) Abraham
  2. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Ābrahām m (variously declined, genitive Ābrahām or Ābrahae); indeclinable, first declension

  1. (biblical) Abraham
    • Vulgate Liber Genesis 17:5
      nec ultra vocabitur nomen tuum Abram, sed appellaberis Abraham quia patrem multarum gentium constitui te.

DeclensionEdit

Indeclinable noun or first-declension noun (nominative/vocative singular in -ām).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Ābrahām Ābrahae
Genitive Ābrahām
Ābrahae
Ābrahārum
Dative Ābrahām
Ābrahae
Ābrahīs
Accusative Ābrahām Ābrahās
Ablative Ābrahām
Ābrahā
Ābrahīs
Vocative Ābrahām Ābrahae

ReferencesEdit

  • Abraham in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • Abraham in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934

MalteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian Abramo, from Latin Ābrahām, from Ancient Greek Ἀβραάμ (Abraám), from Hebrew אַבְרָהָם(ʾaḇrāhām). The insertion of the mute -h- in the spelling directly after the Hebrew form; compare Għesaw (Esau).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Abraham m

  1. (chiefly biblical) Abraham (male personal name)

Middle EnglishEdit

Proper nounEdit

Abraham

  1. Abraham (prophet)
    • c. 1395, John Wycliffe, John Purvey [et al.], transl., Bible (Wycliffite Bible (later version), MS Lich 10.)‎[2], published c. 1410, Matheu 1:1–2, lines 1–5, page 1r, column 2; republished as Wycliffe's translation of the New Testament, Lichfield: Bill Endres, 2010:
      The book of þe generacıoū of ıhū crıſt .· þe ſone of dauıd þe ſone of abꝛaham / abꝛaham bıgat yſaac / yſaac bıgat ıacob / ıacob bıgat ıudas ⁊ hıſe bꝛıþ̇en /
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

DescendantsEdit

  • English: Abraham

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin Ābrahām.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑb.rɑ.xɑm/, [ˈɑb.rɑ.hɑm]

Proper nounEdit

Abraham m

  1. Abraham

DescendantsEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin Ābraham, from Ancient Greek Ἀβραάμ (Abraám), from Hebrew אַבְרָהָם(aḇrāˈhām, Abraham).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Abraham m pers

  1. (biblical) Abraham
  2. (rare) A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham.

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Abraham in Polish dictionaries at PWN

ScotsEdit

Proper nounEdit

Abraham

  1. (biblical) Abraham

SpanishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aˈbɾam/, [aˈβ̞ɾãm]

Proper nounEdit

Abraham m

  1. (biblical) Abraham
    • 1602, La Santa Biblia (antigua versión de Casiodoro de Reina), rev., Génesis 17:5:
      Y no se llamará más tu nombre Abram, sino que será tu nombre Abraham, porque te he puesto por padre de muchedumbre de gentes.
  2. (rare) A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham

SwedishEdit

Proper nounEdit

Abraham c (genitive Abrahams)

  1. A male given name, equivalent to English Abraham.
  2. (biblical) Abraham