See also: Aika

FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑi̯kɑ/, [ˈɑi̯kɑ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑikɑ
  • Syllabification: ai‧ka

Etymology 1Edit

 
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From Proto-Finnic *aika. Possibly from or akin to Proto-Germanic *aiwaz (Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍅𐍃 (aiws, age, eternity)), whence possibly also aivan (exactly; totally; indeed), but this seems uncertain due to phonological problems.

NounEdit

aika

  1. time (temporal distance)
    Se vaatii pitkän ajan.It takes a long time.
    kahden viikon ajaksifor (a period of) two weeks
  2. time, moment
    Vanhat hyvät ajat ovat palanneet.The good old times have returned.
    Synonym: hetki
  3. appointment (arranged meeting)
    Minulla on aika lääkärille kello kymmeneltä.I have a doctor's appointment at ten o'clock.
DeclensionEdit
  • Inflection of this word may seem somewhat irregular but it actually follows general rules. The k disappears in weak grades and because the i is inevitably pronounced as j between two vowels this is reflected in the spelling.
Inflection of aika (Kotus type 9/kala, ik-j gradation)
nominative aika ajat
genitive ajan aikojen
partitive aikaa aikoja
illative aikaan aikoihin
singular plural
nominative aika ajat
accusative nom. aika ajat
gen. ajan
genitive ajan aikojen
aikainrare
partitive aikaa aikoja
inessive ajassa ajoissa
elative ajasta ajoista
illative aikaan aikoihin
adessive ajalla ajoilla
ablative ajalta ajoilta
allative ajalle ajoille
essive aikana aikoina
translative ajaksi ajoiksi
instructive ajoin
abessive ajatta ajoitta
comitative aikoineen
Possessive forms of aika (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person aikani aikamme
2nd person aikasi aikanne
3rd person aikansa
Derived termsEdit
adjectives
adverbs
idioms
nouns
phrases
postpositions
verbs
CompoundsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Possibly related to aivan.

AdverbEdit

aika

  1. quite, rather, fairly (a moderate qualifier)
    Summa on aika suuri.The sum is quite large.
    Tänään on aika kaunis ilma.It’s quite beautiful weather today.
    Synonyms: (colloquial) aikas, melko

AdjectiveEdit

aika (uninflected)

  1. quite
    Hän on aika persoona.He is quite a personality.
See alsoEdit

IngrianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *aika. Cognates include Finnish aika and Estonian aeg.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

aika (genitive ajan, partitive aikaa)

  1. time
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 29:
      Adverbat näyttäät paikkaa, tappaa, määrää, aikaa tali muuta obstojatelstvaa.
      Adverbs indicate place, habit, amount, time or other circumstances.
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 6:
      Lapset, kuunelkaa kaik! Jo ono şkouluu aika!
      Children, listen everyone! It is already time for school!
  2. epoch, age
  3. (grammar) tense
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 104:
      Sitä kutsutaa tapahtuvaks ajaks tali preesensiks.
      These are called past tense or present.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of aika (type 3/kana, ik-j gradation)
singular plural
nominative aika ajat
genitive ajan aikoin
partitive aikaa aikoja
illative aikaa aikoi
inessive ajas ajois
elative ajast ajoist
allative ajalle ajoille
adessive ajal ajoil
ablative ajalt ajoilt
translative ajaks ajoiks
essive aikanna
aikaan
aikoinna
aikoin
exessive1) aikant aikoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
Chernyavskij's declension of aika
singular plural
nominative aika aijjat
genitive aijjan aikkoin
partitive aikkaa aikkoja
illative aikkaa aikkoihe
inessive aijjaaz aijjoiz
elative aijjast aijjoist
allative aijjalle aijjoille
adessive aijjaal aijjoil
ablative aijjalt aijjoilt
translative aijjaks aijjoiks
essive aikkaan aikkoin
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

ReferencesEdit

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 24
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 5
  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[4], page 92
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachinkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[5], →ISBN, page 62

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

aika

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あいか

KarelianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *aika. Cognates include Finnish aika and Estonian aeg.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

aika (genitive aijan, partitive aikua)

  1. (North Karelian) time

DeclensionEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • aiga (South Karelian)

ReferencesEdit

  • P. M. Zaykov (1999) Грамматика Карельского языка (фонетика и морфология) [Grammar of the Karelian language (phonetics and morphology)], →ISBN, page 15
  • P. Zaykov; L. Rugoyeva (1999) Карельско-Русский словарь (Северно-Карельские диалекты) [Karelian-Russian dictionary (North Karelian dialects)], Petrozavodsk, →ISBN, page 8

ManchuEdit

RomanizationEdit

aika

  1. Romanization of ᠠᡳᡴᠠ

VoticEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *aika.

NounEdit

aika (genitive aigaa, partitive aikaa)

  1. time

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "aika" in Vadja keele sõnaraamat

YorubaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

àìka

  1. Lecaniodiscus cupanioides

Etymology 2Edit

àì- (negative nominalizing prefix) +‎ (to read, to count)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

àìkà

  1. something unread
  2. the act of not reading
  3. something not counted
  4. the act of not counting
Derived termsEdit