See also: Aika

FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑi̯kɑ/, [ˈɑi̯kɑ]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑikɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ai‧ka

Etymology 1Edit

 
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From Proto-Finnic *aika, possibly borrowed from Proto-Germanic *aiwaz, but this has phonological problems. Compare Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍅𐍃 (aiws, age, eternity); aivan (exactly; totally; indeed) may also be a borrowing from the same root.

NounEdit

aika

  1. time (temporal distance or duration)
    Se vaatii pitkän ajan.It takes a long time.
    kahden viikon ajaksifor (a period of) two weeks
  2. time (moment or period in time), moment
    tähän aikaan vuodestathis time of year
    Vanhat hyvät ajat ovat palanneet.The good old times have returned.
    Synonym: hetki
  3. appointment (arranged meeting)
    Minulla on aika lääkärille kello kymmeneltä.I have a doctor's appointment at ten o'clock.
DeclensionEdit
  • Inflection of this word may seem somewhat irregular but it actually follows general rules. The k disappears in weak grades and because the i is inevitably pronounced as j between two vowels this is reflected in the spelling.
Inflection of aika (Kotus type 9/kala, ik-j gradation)
nominative aika ajat
genitive ajan aikojen
partitive aikaa aikoja
illative aikaan aikoihin
singular plural
nominative aika ajat
accusative nom. aika ajat
gen. ajan
genitive ajan aikojen
aikainrare
partitive aikaa aikoja
inessive ajassa ajoissa
elative ajasta ajoista
illative aikaan aikoihin
adessive ajalla ajoilla
ablative ajalta ajoilta
allative ajalle ajoille
essive aikana aikoina
translative ajaksi ajoiksi
instructive ajoin
abessive ajatta ajoitta
comitative aikoineen
Possessive forms of aika (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person aikani aikamme
2nd person aikasi aikanne
3rd person aikansa
Derived termsEdit
adjectives
adverbs
idioms
nouns
phrases
postpositions
verbs
CompoundsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Possibly related to aivan.

AdverbEdit

aika

  1. quite, rather, fairly (a moderate qualifier)
    Summa on aika suuri.The sum is quite large.
    Tänään on aika kaunis ilma.It’s quite beautiful weather today.
    Synonyms: (colloquial) aikas, melko

AdjectiveEdit

aika (uninflected)

  1. quite
    Hän on aika persoona.He is quite a personality.
See alsoEdit

IngrianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *aika. Cognates include Finnish aika and Estonian aeg.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

aika

  1. time
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 29:
      Adverbat näyttäät paikkaa, tappaa, määrää, aikaa tali muuta obstojatelstvaa.
      Adverbs indicate place, habit, amount, time or other circumstances.
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 6:
      Lapset, kuunelkaa kaik! Jo ono şkouluu aika!
      Children, listen everyone! It is already time for school!
  2. epoch, age
    • 1936, L. G. Terehova; V. G. Erdeli, Mihailov and P. I. Maksimov, transl., Geografia: oppikirja iƶoroin alkușkoulun kolmatta klaassaa vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-Pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 7:
      Jo entisist ajoist, päiväist päivää inmihiset näkivät, jot päivyt liikkuu taivast mööt.
      Already since ancient times, day in day out people saw, that the Sun moves along the sky.
  3. (grammar) tense
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[2], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 104:
      Sitä kutsutaa tapahtuvaks ajaks tali preesensiks.
      These are called past tense or present.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of aika (type 3/kana, ik-j gradation)
singular plural
nominative aika ajat
genitive ajan aikoin
partitive aikaa aikoja
illative aikaa aikoi
inessive ajas ajois
elative ajast ajoist
allative ajalle ajoille
adessive ajal ajoil
ablative ajalt ajoilt
translative ajaks ajoiks
essive aikanna, aikaan aikoinna, aikoin
exessive1) aikant aikoint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.
Chernyavskij's declension of aika
singular plural
nominative aika aijjat
genitive aijjan aikkoin
partitive aikkaa aikkoja
illative aikkaa aikkoihe
inessive aijjaaz aijjoiz
elative aijjast aijjoist
allative aijjalle aijjoille
adessive aijjaal aijjoil
ablative aijjalt aijjoilt
translative aijjaks aijjoiks
essive aikkaan aikkoin
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 24
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 5
  • Vitalij Chernyavskij (2005) Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[4], page 92
  • Olga I. Konkova; Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[5], →ISBN, page 62

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

aika

  1. Rōmaji transcription of あいか

KarelianEdit

Regional variants of aika
North Karelian
(Viena)
aika
South Karelian
(Tver)
aiga

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *aika. Cognates include Finnish aika and Estonian aeg.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑi̯kɑ/
  • Hyphenation: ai‧ka

NounEdit

aika (genitive ajan, partitive aikua)

  1. (North Karelian) time

DeclensionEdit

Viena Karelian declension of aika (type 4/kala, ik-j gradation)
singular plural
nominative aika ajat
genitive ajan aikojen
partitive aikua aikoja
illative aikah aikoih
inessive ajašša ajoissa
elative ajašta ajoista
adessive ajalla ajoilla
ablative ajalta ajoilta
translative ajakši ajoiksi
essive aikana aikoina
comitative ajoineh
comitative ajatta ajoitta
Possessive forms of aika
1st person aikani
2nd person aikaš
3rd person aikah
*) Possessive forms are very rare for adjectives and only used in substantivised clauses.

ReferencesEdit

  • P. M. Zaykov et al. (2015), “время”, in Venäjä-Viena Šanakirja [Russian-Viena Karelian Dictionary], →ISBN

ManchuEdit

RomanizationEdit

aika

  1. Romanization of ᠠᡳᡴᠠ

VoticEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *aika.

NounEdit

aika (genitive aigaa, partitive aikaa)

  1. time

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • V. Hallap, E. Adler, S. Grünberg, M. Leppik (2012) Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language]‎[6], 2 edition, Tallinn

YorubaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

àìka

  1. the plant Lecaniodiscus cupanioides

Etymology 2Edit

àì- (negative nominalizing prefix) +‎ (to read, to count)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

àìkà

  1. something unread
  2. the act of not reading
  3. something not counted
  4. the act of not counting
Derived termsEdit