See also: áĺap, àlāp, àláp, and ɑ́lɑ́p

English edit

 
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Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Sanskrit आलापा (ālāpā).

Noun edit

alap (plural alaps)

  1. (music) The opening, improvised section of a Classical raga performance, before the formal recitation.
    • 1997, Kiran Nagarkar, Cuckold, HarperCollins, published 2013, page 176:
      The alaap is the part of our classical music that I like best. It is an inward voyage, an odyssey into the unknown.

Anagrams edit

Galo edit

Noun edit

alap

  1. wing

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒlɒp]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: alap
  • Rhymes: -ɒp

Noun edit

alap (plural alapok)

  1. base, foundation
  2. (figuratively, especially in the forms alapon and alapján) (on a…) basis, (on the) basis (of…), (on the) grounds (of…), (by the) token (of…), (as a) matter (of…), (by) reason (of…), (at a/the/that) rate (that…)

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative alap alapok
accusative alapot alapokat
dative alapnak alapoknak
instrumental alappal alapokkal
causal-final alapért alapokért
translative alappá alapokká
terminative alapig alapokig
essive-formal alapként alapokként
essive-modal alapul alapokul
inessive alapban alapokban
superessive alapon alapokon
adessive alapnál alapoknál
illative alapba alapokba
sublative alapra alapokra
allative alaphoz alapokhoz
elative alapból alapokból
delative alapról alapokról
ablative alaptól alapoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
alapé alapoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
alapéi alapokéi
Possessive forms of alap
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. alapom alapjaim
2nd person sing. alapod alapjaid
3rd person sing. alapja alapjai
1st person plural alapunk alapjaink
2nd person plural alapotok alapjaitok
3rd person plural alapjuk alapjaik

Derived terms edit

Compound words

Further reading edit

  • alap in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • alap in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Javanese edit

Romanization edit

alap

  1. Romanization of ꦲꦭꦥ꧀

Malay edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Malayic *alap, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *alap, from Proto-Austronesian *alap (fetch, get, take).

First attested in the Kedukan Bukit inscription, 683 CE, as Old Malay [script needed] (alap) in inflected form maṅalap (current spelling mengalap).

Verb edit

alap (Jawi spellingالڤ⁩)

  1. (colloquial, Kedah Malay) to gather a fruit using pole (that attached with knife or hook).
  2. (obsolete) to take.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Adjective edit

alap (Jawi spellingالڤ⁩)

  1. slowly, calmly
  2. (colloquial) quite and gentle.
  3. unhurried
  4. within long intervals

References edit

  • Pijnappel, Jan (1875), “الڤ alap”, in Maleisch-Hollandsch woordenboek, John Enschede en Zonen, Frederik Muller, page 17
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1901), “الڤ alap”, in A Malay-English dictionary, Hong Kong: Kelly & Walsh limited, page 31
  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1932), “alap”, in A Malay-English dictionary (romanised), volume I, Mytilene, Greece: Salavopoulos & Kinderlis, pages 17

Further reading edit

  • alap” in Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu | Malay Literary Reference Centre, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2017.
  • Wilkinson, Richard James. An Abridged Malay-English Dictionary. Macmillan. 1965.

Old Javanese edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *alap, from Proto-Austronesian *alap (fetch, get, take).

Verb edit

alap

  1. to take
  2. to fetch
  3. to carry off
  4. to steal
  5. to seize
  6. to win

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Javanese: ꦲꦭꦥ꧀ (alap)

Further reading edit

  • "alap" in P.J. Zoetmulder with the collaboration of S.O. Robson, Old Javanese-English Dictionary. 's-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff, 1982.

Tagalog edit

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: a‧lap
  • IPA(key): /ˈʔalap/, [ˈʔa.lɐp]

Noun edit

alap (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜎᜉ᜔)

  1. shift; turn (in a work or assignment)
    Synonyms: turno, halili, halang
  2. selective cutting or harvesting (of grass, rice, corn, fruits, etc.)
    Synonym: gamas
  3. recruitment (of laborers)
    Synonym: kalap
  4. enlistment (into the army or navy)
    Synonym: kalap
  5. scum
    Synonyms: eskoma, linab
  6. act of scooping out the scum (on the liquid surface)
    Synonyms: sagap, salap

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • alap”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018