See also: Pala, palá, pāla, pală, palą, pała, pałą, pala-, and påla

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pāla. Doublet of peel.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pala (plural palae)

  1. A part of an insect's leg that is spade-shaped and can be used as a scoop for feeding.

AnagramsEdit


BalineseEdit

RomanizationEdit

pala

  1. Romanization of ᬧᬮ
  2. Romanization of ᬧᬵᬮ
  3. Romanization of ᬨᬮ

Bikol CentralEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Spanish pala (shovel, spade).

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈpala/

NounEdit

pála

  1. shovel, spade

Derived termsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pāla (shovel, spade).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pala f (plural pales)

  1. shovel, spade
  2. blade (the widest, thinnest part of something)
  3. paddle
    Synonym: rem
  4. tongue (of a shoe)
    Synonym: llengüeta
  5. dustpan
    Synonym: arreplegador

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


ChavacanoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Spanish pala (shovel, spade).

NounEdit

pala

  1. shovel; spade

Crimean TatarEdit

NounEdit

pala

  1. a kind of rug
    Synonym: kilim

DeclensionEdit


EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): [ˈpala]
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Hyphenation: pa‧la

AdjectiveEdit

pala (accusative singular palan, plural palaj, accusative plural palajn)

  1. pale; sallow

FinnishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *pala, from Proto-Uralic *pala. Cognates include Veps pala, Estonian pala, Erzya пал (pal), and Hungarian fal.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɑlɑ/, [ˈpɑlɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlɑ
  • Syllabification(key): pa‧la

NounEdit

pala

  1. piece, bit
    pala palaltapiece by piece, piecemeal
  2. lump, chunk
  3. block
  4. tablet, bar
  5. (idiomatic) of something that is difficult to accept or endure; especially with the adjective vaikea
    Veronkorotus on äänestäjille vaikea pala.
    The tax increase is a hard pill to swallow for the voters.
    Hänen kuolemansa oli minulle kova pala.
    Her death was a hard blow for me.
DeclensionEdit
Inflection of pala (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative pala palat
genitive palan palojen
partitive palaa paloja
illative palaan paloihin
singular plural
nominative pala palat
accusative nom. pala palat
gen. palan
genitive palan palojen
palainrare
partitive palaa paloja
inessive palassa paloissa
elative palasta paloista
illative palaan paloihin
adessive palalla paloilla
ablative palalta paloilta
allative palalle paloille
essive palana paloina
translative palaksi paloiksi
instructive paloin
abessive palatta paloitta
comitative paloineen
Possessive forms of pala (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person palani palamme
2nd person palasi palanne
3rd person palansa
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɑlɑˣ/, [ˈpɑlɑ(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlɑ
  • Syllabification(key): pa‧la

VerbEdit

pala

  1. Indicative present connegative form of palaa.
    Minä en pala.I don't burn.
  2. Second-person singular imperative present form of palaa.
    Pala!Burn!
  3. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of palaa.
    Älä pala!Don't burn!

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entry #695 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary.

AnagramsEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Obscure. From a pre-Roman substrate of Iberia.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pala f (plural palas)

  1. rock shelter
    Synonym: paleira
  2. burrow, den
    Synonyms: paleira, tobeira, tobo, toco, toqueira

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


GaroEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

pala

  1. (transitive) to sell

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɒlɒ]
  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • Rhymes: -lɒ

NounEdit

pala (plural palák)

  1. slate

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative pala palák
accusative palát palákat
dative palának paláknak
instrumental palával palákkal
causal-final paláért palákért
translative palává palákká
terminative paláig palákig
essive-formal palaként palákként
essive-modal
inessive palában palákban
superessive palán palákon
adessive palánál paláknál
illative palába palákba
sublative palára palákra
allative palához palákhoz
elative palából palákból
delative paláról palákról
ablative palától paláktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
paláé paláké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
paláéi palákéi
Possessive forms of pala
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. palám paláim
2nd person sing. palád paláid
3rd person sing. palája palái
1st person plural palánk paláink
2nd person plural palátok paláitok
3rd person plural palájuk paláik

Derived termsEdit

Compound words

Further readingEdit

  • pala in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

IndonesianEdit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

EtymologyEdit

From Malay pala, from Sanskrit फल (phala). Doublet of pahala.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /pa.la/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧la

NounEdit

pala

  1. nutmeg (Myristica fragrans).

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


IngrianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Finnic *pala, from Proto-Uralic *pala. Cognates include Finnish pala and Estonian pala.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pala

  1. piece, bit
    Pala leipää.A piece of bread.
DeclensionEdit
Declension of pala (type 3/kana, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative pala palat
genitive palan palloin
partitive pallaa paloja
illative pallaa palloi
inessive palas palois
elative palast paloist
allative palalle paloille
adessive palal paloil
ablative palalt paloilt
translative palaks paloiks
essive palanna, pallaan paloinna, palloin
exessive1) palant paloint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

pala

  1. inflection of pallaa:
    1. present indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular imperative
    3. second-person singular imperative connegative

ReferencesEdit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 378

ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpa.la/
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Hyphenation: pà‧la

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin pāla (shovel, spade).

NounEdit

pala f (plural pale)

  1. shovel, trowel
  2. blade (of a propellor, fan, etc.)
  3. paddle
  4. retable
  5. altarpiece
  6. pall
  7. vane
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Turkish: pala

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

pala

  1. inflection of palare:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

JavaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

pala

  1. Romanization of ꦥꦭ

KaraoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Spanish pala.

NounEdit

pala

  1. shovel

KarelianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *pala.

NounEdit

pala

  1. bit

KottEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔapV (hotness, sweat). Compare Assan palá, pfóltu, paltu (hot).

NounEdit

pala

  1. hotness

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *pākslā, from Proto-Indo-European *pak-slo-, from root *peh₂ǵ-. See pangō, pāgus, pacīscor, pāx, pāgina.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pāla f (genitive pālae); first declension

  1. A shovel, spade.
    Synonym: rutrum
  2. The bezel of a ring.
    • c. 44 BC, Cicero, De Officiis, 3.38
      ibi cum palam eius anuli ad palmam converterat a nullo videbatur ipse autem omnia videbat
      As often as he turned the bezel of the ring inwards toward the palm of his hand, he became invisible to everyone, while he himself saw everything;
  3. (Classical Latin, rare) the banana plant
    • c. 77 CE – 79 CE, Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia XII.24:
      Maior alia pomo et suavitate praecellentior, quo sapientes Indorum vivunt. Folium alas avium imitatur, longitudine trium cubitorum, latitudine duum. Fructum cortice emittit admirabilem suci dulcedine, ut uno quaternos satiet. Arbori nomen palae, pomo arienae. Plurima est in Sydracis, expeditionum Alexandri termino.
      There is a greater one, surpassing other fruit trees even in softness, which Indian sages live on. Its leaf copies the wings of birds, being three cubits in length and two in width. It produces its fruit from its bark, and the fruit is astonishing in its sweetness, one being enough for four people. The name of the tree is the pala, and ariena that of the fruit. It is found in great number among the Sydraci, at the limit of Alexander the Great's campaigns.

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pāla pālae
Genitive pālae pālārum
Dative pālae pālīs
Accusative pālam pālās
Ablative pālā pālīs
Vocative pāla pālae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • pala”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pala”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pala in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to become known, become a topic of common conversation (used of things): foras efferri, palam fieri, percrebrescere, divulgari, in medium proferri, exire, emanare
  • pala”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pala”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

LivonianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *pala.

NounEdit

pala

  1. bit

MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit फल (phala). Doublet of pahala.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /pa.la/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • Rhymes: -a

NounEdit

pala (Jawi spelling ڤالا‎, plural pala-pala, informal 1st possessive palaku, 2nd possessive palamu, 3rd possessive palanya)

  1. nutmeg (Myristica fragrans).

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


MalteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian pala or a Sicilian equivalent, eventually from Latin pala. For the sense “palm of the hand”, the phonetic similarity with Italian palma may be considered, though a direct derivation from “shovel” is also plausible.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pala f (plural pali)

  1. shovel; spade
    Synonym: luħ
  2. (usually in the construction pala tal-id) palm of the hand; or the inner part of the hand (including the fingers)
    Synonyms: keff, keffa

NgiyambaaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Central New South Wales *balaŋ, cognate with Wiradhuri balang.

NounEdit

pala

  1. head

PitjantjatjaraEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

pala

  1. (demonstrative) that, there
    Watingku pala tii tjikini.That man is drinking tea.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpa.la/
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Syllabification: pa‧la

NounEdit

pala

  1. genitive singular of pal

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin pala. Doublet of .

PronunciationEdit

  • Rhymes: -alɐ
  • Hyphenation: pa‧la

NounEdit

pala f (plural palas)

  1. (heraldry) pale

Serbo-CroatianEdit

ParticipleEdit

pala (Cyrillic spelling пала)

  1. inflection of pȁsti:
    1. feminine singular active past participle
    2. neuter plural active past participle

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pāla (shovel, spade).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpala/ [ˈpa.la]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ala
  • Hyphenation: pa‧la

NounEdit

pala f (plural palas)

  1. shovel, spade
  2. blade of an oar, a shovel, etc.
  3. (shoemaking) upper, vamp
  4. setting (piece of metal in which a precious gem is fixed)
  5. paddle
  6. (baking) peel

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


TagalogEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compare Bikol Central palan.

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • IPA(key): /paˈla/, [pɐˈla]

InterjectionEdit

palá (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜎ)

  1. expressing sudden realization; exclamation of surprise.
    Ikaw palá!So it's you!
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Malay pahala (reward; grant), from Sanskrit फल (phála, fruit; benefit).

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈpalaʔ/, [ˈpa.lɐʔ] (noun: reward)
  • IPA(key): /paˈlaʔ/, [pɐˈlaʔ] (noun: consequence)

NounEdit

palà (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜎ)

  1. blessing; grace; bounty; favor
    Synonyms: biyaya, kaloob, gantimpala, premyo
  2. reward; bounty; prize; renumeration
    Synonyms: kaloob, gantimpala, premyo, pabuya
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

palâ (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜎ)

  1. recompense; consequence
    Synonym: hita
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Spanish pala (shovel; spade).

PronunciationEdit

  • Hyphenation: pa‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈpala/, [ˈpa.lɐ]

NounEdit

pala (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜎ)

  1. shovel; spade
  2. (colloquial) person paid to applaud or perform paid activities
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • pala”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila: Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino, 2018
  • Wolff, John U. (1976), “Malay borrowings in Tagalog”, in C.D. Cowan & O.W. Wolters, editors, Southeast Asian History and Historiography: Essays Presented to D. G. E. Hall[2], Ithaca: Cornell University Press, page 359

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Italian pala.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /paˈɫa/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧la

NounEdit

pala (definite accusative palayı, plural palalar)

  1. machete

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *pala.

NounEdit

pala

  1. piece, bit
  2. part
  3. share, portion
  4. chapter (of a book)
  5. scene (of a play, film)
  6. plate

InflectionEdit

Inflection of pala (inflection type 5/sana)
nominative sing. pala
genitive sing. palan
partitive sing. palad
partitive plur. paloid
singular plural
nominative pala palad
accusative palan palad
genitive palan paloiden
partitive palad paloid
essive-instructive palan paloin
translative palaks paloikš
inessive palas paloiš
elative palaspäi paloišpäi
illative palaha
palha
paloihe
adessive palal paloil
ablative palalpäi paloilpäi
allative palale paloile
abessive palata paloita
comitative palanke paloidenke
prolative paladme paloidme
approximative I palanno paloidenno
approximative II palannoks paloidennoks
egressive palannopäi paloidennopäi
terminative I palahasai
palhasai
paloihesai
terminative II palalesai paloilesai
terminative III palassai
additive I palahapäi
palhapäi
paloihepäi
additive II palalepäi paloilepäi

ReferencesEdit


West MakianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Ternate fala, Tidore fola, Tabaru woa, etc.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pala

  1. house
    pala ne ilamothis house is large
  2. nest

ReferencesEdit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[3], Pacific linguistics

Zacatlán-Ahuacatlán-Tepetzintla NahuatlEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Spanish pala, from Latin pāla.

NounEdit

pala

  1. shovel

ReferencesEdit

  • Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C. (2006) Pequeño diccionario ilustrado: Náhuatl de los municipios de Zacatlán, Tepetzintla y Ahuacatlán[4], segunda edición edition, Tlalpan, D.F. México: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 22