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See also: augšā

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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *awg-tya, from Proto-Indo-European *aweg, *awg-, *wōg- (to increase) (with a suffix -tya), whence also the verb augt (to grow) (q.v.); compare also Sudovian auchs (upward) (< *augs-).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

augša f (4th declension)

  1. top, upper part (part at the top of, or above, over, something; the part opposed to the bottom)
    krāsns augšastove top
    no augšas līdz apakšaifrom top to bototm
    šķūnis piekrauts līdz augšaithe shed, barn is loaded up to the top
    uz skapja augšas redzēja ievārījuma burkas un kaltētu kumelīšu saišķion top of the cabinet one could see jam jars and bundles of dried camomile
    kalnā abi jaunieši kāpa klusēdami; neaizmirstamais skats, kas pavērās no augšas, Elmāru sastindzinājaon the mountain both young people became silent; the unforgettable view which opened itself from the top stunned Elmārs
  2. the upper floor or floors of a building
    augšā dzīvoja trīs ģimenesin the top (floor) three families lived
    skolēnu guļamistaba atradās augšāthe schoolchildren's bedroom was located on the top (floor)
    viņš varētu iet augšā savā istabāhe could go upstairs (= to the top floor) to his room
  3. attic, space right under the roof
    steļļa, kūts augšastable, barn attic
    dienu Brīviņš bija uzkāpis istabas augšā' during the day Brīviņš had gone up into the top of the room (i.e., the space between the roof and the ceiling of the room)
  4. on, to the top, surface (of the ground)
    nākt augšāto come to the surface (i.e., to bud, to germinate)
    arkls slīdēja vienmērīgāk, velēna vēlās kā lente, neviens salms nepalika augšāthe plow glided smoothly, the turf rolled like a tape, no straw came to the surface
  5. up high in the air, in the sky
    augšā - zilas debesis, zibošas mākoņu aitiņas un cīruļu nebeidzama trallināšana; lejā - spilgti zaļumi, balti ziediup high: the blue sky, flashing sheep clouds and endless lark warble; down below: bright green (vegetation), white seeds
    nākt, kāpt augšā' to come, climb up (i.e., to appear above the horizon)
    austrumos kāpa augšā melns mākonisin the east a dark cloud climbed up
  6. the top (a higher authority)
    mēs tik tikko spējam tikt galā ar tiem priekšrakstiem, ko mums piesūta no augšaswe are barely able to cope with the regulations they send us from the top
    kategoriski jānosoda jebkuri mēģinājumi no augšas uzspiest vienu vai otru lauksaimniecīas kultūru audzēšanuwe must categorically condemn all attempts from the top to impose one or other agricultural crops
  7. (usually in the plural) upper (voice) tones
    spožs koloratūrsoprāns: dzidra tehnika, un turpat arī pilnīgi brīvas, klusinātas, ar neparastu emociju piesātinātas augšasa brilliant coloratura soprano: clear technique, and upper (voice) tones almost entirely free, softened, not imbued with any unusual emotions
  8. (in the locative or with no, uz) at, to, from the upper reaches (of a river), up, upstream
    peldēt pa upi uz augšuto swim up a river
    irties ar laivu uz augšu pret straumito row the boat up against the stream
    no augšas pludināja baļķuslogs floated from upstream
    viņi uzbrauca augšā līdz tiltamthey went upstream as far as the bridge
  9. (with uz, or in the locative; see augšā) up, upward, also metaphorically
    ceļš gāja uz augšuthe road went up
    kāpt uz augšu pa kāpnēmto climb up the stairs, ladder
    skatīties uz augšuto look up
    dzīve iet sauļup, uz augšulife is going up toward the sun (= becoming better)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “augt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7