See also: Beton, béton, and betón

Afrikaans

edit

Etymology

edit

From Dutch beton.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /bəˈtɔn/
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

edit

beton (uncountable)

  1. concrete

Crimean Tatar

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Noun

edit

beton

  1. concrete

Declension

edit

References

edit
  • Mirjejev, V. A., Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN
  • beton”, in Luğatçıq (in Russian)

Czech

edit
 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

beton m inan

  1. concrete
  2. an alcoholic cocktail whose main ingredients are Becherovka and tonic

Declension

edit

Derived terms

edit
edit

Further reading

edit
  • beton in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • beton in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • beton in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish

edit
 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1

edit

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt), from Gaulish [Term?].

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

beton c (singular definite betonen, plural indefinite betoner)

  1. concrete
Inflection
edit

Etymology 2

edit

Verb

edit

beton

  1. imperative of betone

References

edit

Dutch

edit
 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt), see there for more.

Noun

edit

beton n (uncountable)

  1. concrete
Derived terms
edit
edit
Descendants
edit
  • Afrikaans: beton
  • Caribbean Javanese: béton
  • Indonesian: beton
  • Javanese: ꦧꦼꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ (beton)
  • Papiamentu: betòn

Etymology 2

edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

edit

beton

  1. inflection of betonnen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Anagrams

edit

Esperanto

edit

Noun

edit

beton

  1. accusative singular of beto

Hungarian

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from German Beton, from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): [ˈbɛton]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: be‧ton
  • Rhymes: -on

Noun

edit

beton (countable and uncountable, plural betonok)

  1. concrete (building material)

Usage notes

edit

This term (or its primary sense) is a material noun: any part of its denotation is called the same as the whole, so its meaning resembles that of an adjective (expressing a feature).[2] As an uncountable noun, it is not used in the plural in its primary sense. When it still occurs, it refers to objects made out of this material (like coins or medals such as golds), portions held in containers (like coffees (cups of cofee)), or varieties (like wines (types of wine)).[3][4]

Declension

edit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative beton betonok
accusative betont betonokat
dative betonnak betonoknak
instrumental betonnal betonokkal
causal-final betonért betonokért
translative betonná betonokká
terminative betonig betonokig
essive-formal betonként betonokként
essive-modal
inessive betonban betonokban
superessive betonon betonokon
adessive betonnál betonoknál
illative betonba betonokba
sublative betonra betonokra
allative betonhoz betonokhoz
elative betonból betonokból
delative betonról betonokról
ablative betontól betonoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
betoné betonoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
betonéi betonokéi
Possessive forms of beton
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. betonom betonjaim
2nd person sing. betonod betonjaid
3rd person sing. betonja betonjai
1st person plural betonunk betonjaink
2nd person plural betonotok betonjaitok
3rd person plural betonjuk betonjaik

Derived terms

edit
Compound words

Further reading

edit
  • beton in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • beton in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Indonesian

edit

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /bəˈtɔn/
  • Rhymes: -tɔn
  • Hyphenation: bê‧ton

Etymology 1

edit

Borrowed from Dutch beton, from French béton, frok Latin bitūmen. Doublet of bitumen.

Noun

edit

bêton

  1. concrete (a building material created by mixing cement, water, and aggregate such as gravel and sand)

Verb

edit

bêton (active membeton, passive dibeton) (transitive)

  1. to concrete (to cover with or encase in concrete (building material))
Derived terms
edit
Affixations
Compounds

Etymology 2

edit

Reconstructed as batu +‎ -an, from Javanese ꦧꦼꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ (beton). Doublet of batuan.

Noun

edit

bêton (dialectal)

  1. the seed of a jackfruit

Italian

edit

Etymology

edit

Unadapted borrowing from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt). Doublet of bitume.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

beton m (invariable)

  1. concrete
    Synonyms: cemento, calcestruzzo

Anagrams

edit

Javanese

edit

Romanization

edit

beton

  1. Romanization of ꦧꦼꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀

Old High German

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-West Germanic *bed (prayer, request, plea) +‎ -ōn. Related to Old English ġebedian (to pray) (modern English bead).

Verb

edit

betōn

  1. to pray

Conjugation

edit

Descendants

edit

Polish

edit
 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

edit

Internationalism; compare French béton, ultimately from Latin bitūmen. Doublet of bitum.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

beton m inan

  1. concrete (a building material created by mixing cement, water, and aggregate such as gravel and sand)
    beton komórkowycellular concrete
    warstwa betonua layer of concrete
    wylewać/wylać betonto lay/pour concrete
    wylewać/wylać/zalewać/zalać betonemto pour (something) with concrete
  2. (colloquial, derogatory) stick in the mud, old fogey (a person or organization who is slow, old-fashioned, or unprogressive)

Declension

edit

Derived terms

edit
adjectives
nouns
particle
verbs

Further reading

edit
  • beton in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • beton in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt), from Gaulish [Term?].

Noun

edit

beton n (plural betoane)

  1. concrete

Declension

edit

Adjective

edit

beton m or f or n (indeclinable)

  1. (slang) cool, awesome, lit, dope, insane

Declension

edit

Serbo-Croatian

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /bětoːn/
  • Hyphenation: be‧ton

Noun

edit

bètōn m (Cyrillic spelling бѐто̄н)

  1. concrete

Declension

edit

Slovene

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

betọ̑n m inan

  1. concrete (building material)

Inflection

edit
 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nominative betón
genitive betóna
singular
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
betón
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
betóna
dative
(dajȃlnik)
betónu
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
betón
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
betónu
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
betónom

Turkish

edit

Etymology

edit

Borrowed from French béton (concrete), from Latin bitūmen (asphalt).

Noun

edit

beton (definite accusative betonu, plural betonlar)

  1. concrete (building material)

Declension

edit
Inflection
Nominative beton
Definite accusative betonu
Singular Plural
Nominative beton betonlar
Definite accusative betonu betonları
Dative betona betonlara
Locative betonda betonlarda
Ablative betondan betonlardan
Genitive betonun betonların