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From Middle English avys, from Old French avis, from the phrase ce m'est a vis ("in my view"), where vis is from Latin visus, past participle of videre (to see). See vision, and compare avise, advise. The unhistoric -d- was introduced in English 15c. Doublet of aviso.

Displaced native Old English rǣd.





advice (countable and uncountable, plural advices)

  1. (uncountable) An opinion offered to guide behavior in an effort to be helpful.
    She was offered various pieces of advice on what to do with her new-found wealth.
    On the advice of her doctor, Mary cut down on her carbohydrates.
    I have some useful advice to give you.
    Sushil never took the advice of his parents, but still became rich.
    • 1732, Benjamin Franklin, Poor Richard's Almanack:
      We may give advice, but we can not give conduct.
  2. (uncountable, obsolete) Deliberate consideration; knowledge.
    • c. 1590–1591 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Two Gentlemen of Verona”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, (please specify the act number in uppercase Roman numerals, and the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals):
      How shall I dote on her with more advice,
      That thus without advice begin to love her?
  3. (archaic, commonly in plural) Information or news given; intelligence
    late advices from France
  4. (countable) In language about financial transactions executed by formal documents, an advisory document.
    An advice of an incoming settlement payment order may be given to an off-line receiving bank.
    • 1990, United States Office of the Federal Register, The Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America:
      (g) A Reserve Bank will issue to each depositor following any transaction affecting book-entry securities maintained for such depositor under this part a confirmation thereof in the form of an advice (serially numbered or otherwise) which shall describe the amount and maturity date thereof, and include pertinent transaction data.
    • 1992, Benjamin Geva, The Law of Electronic Funds Transfers - Issue 3:
      However, an advice of an incoming settlement payment order will be given to an off-line receiving bank only when the receiving bank has notified the Reserve Bank in writing
  5. (uncountable) In commercial language, information communicated by letter; used chiefly in reference to drafts or bills of exchange
    a letter of advice
    • 1884, John Proffatt, Abraham Clark Freeman, The American Decisions [] :
      the drawees acknowledged the receipt of the letter of advice of the nineteenth of December , and promised to honor the draft when presented
  6. (countable, law) A communication providing information, such as how an uncertain area of law might apply to possible future actions
    An advice issued by a Monitoring Committee could be applicable in a Dutch court
    • 1992, Robert M. MacLean, European Community Law Textbook:
      Any measure that is not a formal (binding) act within the meaning of article 189 EEC, such as for example an advice, is clearly outside the scope of the action.
    • 1999, J. Vervaele, Compliance and Enforcement of European Community Law:
      the question arises, whether an advice issued by a Monitoring Committee would actually be applicable in a Dutch court
    • 1979, Pennsylvania Bulletin - Volume 9 - Page 4072:
      the Executive Director will determine which requests will be referred to chief counsel for preparation of an advice and which requests will be submitted directly to the Commission for an opinion.
    • 1996, Valerie Beardsmore, Opinion Writing & Drafting In Tort:
      The central purpose of this chapter is, however, to explain how to write an advice or an opinion.
    • 1993, Chrostwaite's Pennsylvania Municipal Law Reporter:
      Documents and submissions to the Commission relating to a request for an opinion or an appeal of an advice shall be made at least 7 days prior to the meeting of the Commission during which the appeal or opinion will be reviewed
  7. (uncountable, law) Counseling to perform a specific legal act.
    • 1885, Francis Wharton, A Treatise on the Criminal Law of the United States:
      An honest oath taken under advice of counsel, therefore, is not perjury
  8. (uncountable, law) Counseling to perform a specific illegal act.
  9. (countable, programming) In aspect-oriented programming, the code whose execution is triggered when a join point is reached.



Derived terms



The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.




  1. Misspelling of advise.