eclipse

EnglishEdit

 
An eclipse of the Sun by Saturn, seen from the Cassini orbiter
 
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EtymologyEdit

From Old French eclipse, from Latin eclīpsis, from Ancient Greek ἔκλειψις (ékleipsis, eclipse), from ἐκλείπω (ekleípō, I abandon, go missing, vanish), from ἐκ (ek, out) and λείπω (leípō, I leave behind).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈklɪps/, /iˈklɪps/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: eclipse

NounEdit

eclipse (countable and uncountable, plural eclipses)

  1. (astronomy) An alignment of astronomical objects whereby one object comes between the observer (or notional observer) and another object, thus obscuring the latter.
  2. Especially, an alignment whereby a planetary object (for example, the Moon) comes between the Sun and another planetary object (for example, the Earth), resulting in a shadow being cast by the middle planetary object onto the other planetary object.
  3. (ornithology) A seasonal state of plumage in some birds, notably ducks, adopted temporarily after the breeding season and characterised by a dull and scruffy appearance.
  4. Obscurity, decline, downfall

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

eclipse (third-person singular simple present eclipses, present participle eclipsing, simple past and past participle eclipsed)

  1. (transitive) Of astronomical or atmospheric bodies, to cause an eclipse.
    The Moon eclipsed the Sun.
    • 1834, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Francesca Carrara, volume 1, page 184:
      She turned to the casement on which the moon was shining; for the high wind had driven aside the clouds, whose huge dark masses threatened soon to eclipse the pale and dim circle of passing light.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To overshadow; to be better or more noticeable than.
    Synonym: upstage
    • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 3, Act 4, Scene 6, 1869, George Long Duyckinck (editor), The Complete Works of William Shakespeare, page 502,
      For, till I see them here, by doubtful fear / My joy of liberty is half eclips'd.
    • 1891, Thomas Hardy, Tess of the d'Urbervilles, volume 1, London: James R. Osgood, McIlvaine and Co., page 25:
      The name of the eclipsing girl, whatever it was, has not been handed down; but she was envied by all as the first who enjoyed the luxury of a masculine partner that evening.
    • 2005, Sean Campbell, Introducing Microsoft Visual Basic 2005 for developers (page 56)
      The Util.System namespace eclipses the top-level System namespace.
    • 2007, Cincinnati Magazine (page 81)
      Everything about her year-old restaurant [] reflects her love of bringing people to the table for good, simple food that's not eclipsed by bells and whistles.
  3. (Irish grammar) To undergo eclipsis.

TranslationsEdit


AsturianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin eclīpsis.

NounEdit

eclipse m (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin eclīpsis.

NounEdit

eclipse f (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

eclīpse

  1. ablative singular of eclīpsis

Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

eclipse m (oblique plural eclipses, nominative singular eclipses, nominative plural eclipse)

  1. eclipse

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin eclīpsis, from Ancient Greek ἔκλειψις (ékleipsis, eclipse).

NounEdit

eclipse m (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

eclipse

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of eclipsar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of eclipsar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of eclipsar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of eclipsar

Further readingEdit


SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /eˈklibse/, [eˈkliβ̞.se]

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin eclīpsis.

NounEdit

eclipse m (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse
  2. disappearance
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

eclipse

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of eclipsar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of eclipsar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of eclipsar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of eclipsar.

Further readingEdit