English edit

 
An eclipse of the Sun by Saturn, seen from the Cassini orbiter

Etymology edit

From Old French eclipse, from Latin eclīpsis, from Ancient Greek ἔκλειψις (ékleipsis, eclipse), from ἐκλείπω (ekleípō, I abandon, go missing, vanish), from ἐκ (ek, out) and λείπω (leípō, I leave behind).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈklɪps/, /iˈklɪps/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪps
  • Hyphenation: eclipse

Noun edit

eclipse (countable and uncountable, plural eclipses)

  1. (astronomy) An alignment of astronomical objects whereby one object comes between the observer (or notional observer) and another object, thus obscuring the latter.
  2. Especially, an alignment whereby a planetary object (for example, the Moon) comes between the Sun and another planetary object (for example, the Earth), resulting in a shadow being cast by the middle planetary object onto the other planetary object.
  3. (ornithology) A seasonal state of plumage in some birds, notably ducks, adopted temporarily after the breeding season and characterised by a dull and scruffy appearance.
  4. Obscurity, decline, downfall.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Verb edit

eclipse (third-person singular simple present eclipses, present participle eclipsing, simple past and past participle eclipsed)

  1. (transitive) Of astronomical or atmospheric bodies, to cause an eclipse.
    The Moon eclipsed the Sun.
    • 1834, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], chapter XVII, in Francesca Carrara. [], volume I, London: Richard Bentley, [], (successor to Henry Colburn), →OCLC, page 184:
      She turned to the casement on which the moon was shining; for the high wind had driven aside the clouds, whose huge dark masses threatened soon to eclipse the pale and dim circle of passing light.
  2. (transitive, figurative) To overshadow; to be better or more noticeable than.
    Synonym: upstage
    • c. 1591–1592 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Third Part of Henry the Sixt, []”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene vi]:
      For, till I see them here, by doubtful fear / My joy of liberty is half eclips'd.
    • 1638, Tho[mas] Herbert, Some Yeares Travels Into Divers Parts of Asia and Afrique. [], 2nd edition, London: [] R[ichard] Bi[sho]p for Iacob Blome and Richard Bishop, →OCLC, book II, page 206:
      [H]is ſupercilious glances grevv humbled, yea, his dazeling ſplendor (eclipſt in the ſetting [i.e., death] of his Maſter) becomes quickly darkned: []
    • 1837, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], “The Coronation”, in Ethel Churchill: Or, The Two Brides. [], volume II, London: Henry Colburn, [], →OCLC, page 8:
      I wish I could prevail on Ethel to come up to London, if it were but for the sake of eclipsing her rival. I will stand godmother to the town's admiration, and promise and vow three things in its name:—first, that she will forget her faithless swain in the multitude of new ones; secondly, that she will be universally ran after; and, thirdly, that she will be brilliantly married.
    • 1891, Thomas Hardy, Tess of the d’Urbervilles: A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented [], volume I, London: James R[ipley] Osgood, McIlvaine and Co., [], →OCLC, phase the first (The Maiden), page 25:
      The name of the eclipsing girl, whatever it was, has not been handed down; but she was envied by all as the first who enjoyed the luxury of a masculine partner that evening.
    • 2005, Sean Campbell, Introducing Microsoft Visual Basic 2005 for developers, page 56:
      The Util.System namespace eclipses the top-level System namespace.
    • 2007, Cincinnati Magazine, page 81:
      Everything about her year-old restaurant [] reflects her love of bringing people to the table for good, simple food that's not eclipsed by bells and whistles.
  3. (Irish grammar) To undergo eclipsis.

Translations edit

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin eclīpsis.

Noun edit

eclipse m (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse

Galician edit

Etymology edit

From Latin eclīpsis.

Noun edit

eclipse f (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

eclīpse

  1. ablative singular of eclīpsis

Old French edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

eclipse oblique singularm (oblique plural eclipses, nominative singular eclipses, nominative plural eclipse)

  1. eclipse

References edit

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: e‧clip‧se

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Latin eclīpsis, from Ancient Greek ἔκλειψις (ékleipsis, eclipse).

Noun edit

eclipse m (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

eclipse

  1. inflection of eclipsar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Further reading edit

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /eˈklibse/ [eˈkliβ̞.se]
  • Rhymes: -ibse
  • Syllabification: e‧clip‧se

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin eclīpsis.

Noun edit

eclipse m (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse
  2. disappearance
Alternative forms edit
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

eclipse

  1. inflection of eclipsar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Further reading edit