pastoral

See also: pastorał

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle French, Old French pastoral, from Latin pastoralis, from pāstor (shepherd), + adjective suffix -alis.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpæs.tə.ɹəl/
    • (file)
    • (file)
  • enPR: păs"tōr-al, IPA(key): /ˌpæsˈtɔːɹəl/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːɹəl

AdjectiveEdit

pastoral (comparative more pastoral, superlative most pastoral)

  1. Of or pertaining to shepherds or herders of other livestock
  2. Relating to rural life and scenes, in particular of poetry.
    We were living a pastoral life.
    • 1834, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Francesca Carrara, volume 2, pages 219-220:
      There was a tone, too, of pastoral poetry shed over the new scenes to which they were just introduced, that had a greater effect from the contrast to those, artificial and crowded, which they had just left.
    • He wanders west as far as Memphis, a solitary migrant upon that flat and pastoral landscape. - 1985 McCarthy, Blood Meridian, chapter
    • [...] these pastoral farms,/Green to the very door; and wreaths of smoke / Sent up, in silence, from among the trees! - 1798 Wordsworth, Tintern Abbey, lines 16-18.
  3. Relating to the care of souls, to the pastor of a church or to any local religious leader charged with the service of individual parishioners, i.e. a priest or rabbi.
    pastoral duties; a pastoral letter

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

pastoral (plural pastorals)

  1. A poem describing the life and manners of shepherds; a poem in which the speakers assume the character of shepherds; an idyll; a bucolic.
  2. (music) A cantata relating to rural life; a composition for instruments characterized by simplicity and sweetness; a lyrical composition the subject of which is taken from rural life.
  3. (religion, Christianity) A letter of a pastor to his charge; specifically, a letter addressed by a bishop to his diocese.
  4. (religion, Christianity) A letter of the House of Bishops, to be read in each parish.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pāstōrālis.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

pastoral (masculine and feminine plural pastorals)

  1. pastoral

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French, Old French pastoral, from Latin pastoralis, from pāstor (shepherd), + adjective suffix -alis.

AdjectiveEdit

pastoral (feminine singular pastorale, masculine plural pastoraux, feminine plural pastorales)

  1. pastoral

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

pastoral (not comparable)

  1. pastoral

DeclensionEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pāstōrālis.

AdjectiveEdit

pastoral m or f (plural pastorais, comparable)

  1. Alternative form of pastoril
  2. pastoral (relating to the pastor of a church)

NounEdit

pastoral f (plural pastorais)

  1. (Roman Catholicism) a letter written by a bishop or the pope explaining a doctrine

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French pastoral, from Latin pastorale.

AdjectiveEdit

pastoral m or n (feminine singular pastorală, masculine plural pastorali, feminine and neuter plural pastorale)

  1. pastoral

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pāstōrālis.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /pastoˈɾal/, [pas.t̪oˈɾal]

AdjectiveEdit

pastoral (plural pastorales)

  1. pastoral

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

pastoral f (plural pastorales)

  1. pastoral

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit