See also: energía and energią

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin energia, from Ancient Greek ἐνέργεια (enérgeia).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

energia f (plural energies)

  1. (physics) energy, the capacity to do work.
  2. the capacity to move (said of a person or animal).
  3. the capacity to cause an effect (said of a remedy).

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

From energio +‎ -a.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [enerˈɡia]
  • Rhymes: -ia
  • Hyphenation: e‧ner‧gi‧a

Adjective edit

energia (accusative singular energian, plural energiaj, accusative plural energiajn)

  1. energetic

Estonian edit

 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Latin energia, from Ancient Greek ἐνέργεια (enérgeia).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /eˈnerɡ̊iɑ̯/, [eˈnerɡ̊iɑ̯]
  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun edit

energia (genitive energia, partitive energiat)

  1. energy

Declension edit

Declension of energia (ÕS type 1/ohutu, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative energia energiad
accusative nom.
gen. energia
genitive energiate
partitive energiat energiaid
illative energiasse energiatesse
energiaisse
inessive energias energiates
energiais
elative energiast energiatest
energiaist
allative energiale energiatele
energiaile
adessive energial energiatel
energiail
ablative energialt energiatelt
energiailt
translative energiaks energiateks
energiaiks
terminative energiani energiateni
essive energiana energiatena
abessive energiata energiateta
comitative energiaga energiatega

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • energia”, in [PSV] Eesti keele põhisõnavara sõnastik [Dictionary of Estonian Basic Vocabulary] (in Estonian) (online version, not updated), Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation), 2014
  • energia”, in [EKSS] Eesti keele seletav sõnaraamat [Descriptive Dictionary of the Estonian Language] (in Estonian) (online version), Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation), 2009
  • energia”, in [ÕS] Eesti õigekeelsussõnaraamat ÕS 2018 [Estonian Spelling Dictionary] (in Estonian) (online version), Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation), 2018, →ISBN
  • energia in Sõnaveeb (Eesti Keele Instituut)

Finnish edit

 
Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fi

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Latin energia, from Ancient Greek ἐνέργεια (enérgeia).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈenerɡiɑ/, [ˈe̞ne̞rˌɡiɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -iɑ
  • Syllabification(key): e‧ner‧gi‧a

Noun edit

energia

  1. (physics) energy (impetus behind activity; ability to do work)
    Synonym: (archaic) tarmo
  2. (figuratively) energy, vigour
    Synonyms: tarmo, puhti, potku, eloisuus
  3. (games) energy

Declension edit

Inflection of energia (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative energia energiat
genitive energian energioiden
energioitten
partitive energiaa energioita
illative energiaan energioihin
singular plural
nominative energia energiat
accusative nom. energia energiat
gen. energian
genitive energian energioiden
energioitten
energiainrare
partitive energiaa energioita
inessive energiassa energioissa
elative energiasta energioista
illative energiaan energioihin
adessive energialla energioilla
ablative energialta energioilta
allative energialle energioille
essive energiana energioina
translative energiaksi energioiksi
abessive energiatta energioitta
instructive energioin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of energia (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative energiani energiani
accusative nom. energiani energiani
gen. energiani
genitive energiani energioideni
energioitteni
energiainirare
partitive energiaani energioitani
inessive energiassani energioissani
elative energiastani energioistani
illative energiaani energioihini
adessive energiallani energioillani
ablative energialtani energioiltani
allative energialleni energioilleni
essive energianani energioinani
translative energiakseni energioikseni
abessive energiattani energioittani
instructive
comitative energioineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative energiasi energiasi
accusative nom. energiasi energiasi
gen. energiasi
genitive energiasi energioidesi
energioittesi
energiaisirare
partitive energiaasi energioitasi
inessive energiassasi energioissasi
elative energiastasi energioistasi
illative energiaasi energioihisi
adessive energiallasi energioillasi
ablative energialtasi energioiltasi
allative energiallesi energioillesi
essive energianasi energioinasi
translative energiaksesi energioiksesi
abessive energiattasi energioittasi
instructive
comitative energioinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative energiamme energiamme
accusative nom. energiamme energiamme
gen. energiamme
genitive energiamme energioidemme
energioittemme
energiaimmerare
partitive energiaamme energioitamme
inessive energiassamme energioissamme
elative energiastamme energioistamme
illative energiaamme energioihimme
adessive energiallamme energioillamme
ablative energialtamme energioiltamme
allative energiallemme energioillemme
essive energianamme energioinamme
translative energiaksemme energioiksemme
abessive energiattamme energioittamme
instructive
comitative energioinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative energianne energianne
accusative nom. energianne energianne
gen. energianne
genitive energianne energioidenne
energioittenne
energiainnerare
partitive energiaanne energioitanne
inessive energiassanne energioissanne
elative energiastanne energioistanne
illative energiaanne energioihinne
adessive energiallanne energioillanne
ablative energialtanne energioiltanne
allative energiallenne energioillenne
essive energiananne energioinanne
translative energiaksenne energioiksenne
abessive energiattanne energioittanne
instructive
comitative energioinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative energiansa energiansa
accusative nom. energiansa energiansa
gen. energiansa
genitive energiansa energioidensa
energioittensa
energiainsarare
partitive energiaansa energioitaan
energioitansa
inessive energiassaan
energiassansa
energioissaan
energioissansa
elative energiastaan
energiastansa
energioistaan
energioistansa
illative energiaansa energioihinsa
adessive energiallaan
energiallansa
energioillaan
energioillansa
ablative energialtaan
energialtansa
energioiltaan
energioiltansa
allative energialleen
energiallensa
energioilleen
energioillensa
essive energianaan
energianansa
energioinaan
energioinansa
translative energiakseen
energiaksensa
energioikseen
energioiksensa
abessive energiattaan
energiattansa
energioittaan
energioittansa
instructive
comitative energioineen
energioinensa

Derived terms edit

compounds

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Hungarian edit

 energia on Hungarian Wikipedia

Etymology edit

First attested in 1627. Borrowed from Latin energia, from Ancient Greek ἐνέργεια (enérgeia).[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛnɛrɡijɒ]
  • Hyphenation: ener‧gia
  • Rhymes: -jɒ

Noun edit

energia (plural energiák)

  1. (physics) energy (the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat, the object)
  2. (figuratively) energy (the capacity to do work)
    Synonyms: akaraterő, tetterő, szívósság, erély, lendület

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative energia energiák
accusative energiát energiákat
dative energiának energiáknak
instrumental energiával energiákkal
causal-final energiáért energiákért
translative energiává energiákká
terminative energiáig energiákig
essive-formal energiaként energiákként
essive-modal
inessive energiában energiákban
superessive energián energiákon
adessive energiánál energiáknál
illative energiába energiákba
sublative energiára energiákra
allative energiához energiákhoz
elative energiából energiákból
delative energiáról energiákról
ablative energiától energiáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
energiáé energiáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
energiáéi energiákéi
Possessive forms of energia
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. energiám energiáim
2nd person sing. energiád energiáid
3rd person sing. energiája energiái
1st person plural energiánk energiáink
2nd person plural energiátok energiáitok
3rd person plural energiájuk energiáik

Derived terms edit

Compound words

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further reading edit

  • energia in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • energia in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Italian edit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin energia, from Ancient Greek ἐνέργεια (enérgeia).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /e.nerˈd͡ʒi.a/
  • Rhymes: -ia
  • Hyphenation: e‧ner‧gì‧a

Noun edit

energia f (plural energie)

  1. energy
    Synonyms: forza, vigore

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • energia in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams edit

Ladin edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

energia f (plural energies)

  1. energy

Related terms edit

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek ἐνέργεια (enérgeia).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

energīa f (genitive energīae); first declension

  1. energy
  2. efficiency

Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative energīa energīae
Genitive energīae energīārum
Dative energīae energīīs
Accusative energīam energīās
Ablative energīā energīīs
Vocative energīa energīae

Descendants edit

References edit

  • energia”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • energia in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • energia in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • energia in Ramminger, Johann (2016 July 16 (last accessed)) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[3], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Anagrams edit

Occitan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin energia, from Ancient Greek ἐνέργεια (enérgeia).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

energia f (plural energias)

  1. energy

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Internationalism; possibly borrowed from German Energie or French énergie, ultimately from Latin energīa.[1][2][3] First attested in 1606.[4] Compare Kashubian energiô and Silesian ynergijŏ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

energia f

  1. energy (person's ability to do work)
  2. (physics) energy (quantity that denotes the ability to do work and is measured in a unit dimensioned in mass × distance²/time² (ML²/T²) or the equivalent)
  3. (colloquial) energy (electrical current)
    Synonyms: elektryczność, elektryka, prąd, światło
  4. (Ancient Greece, philosophy) energy (form as opposed to matter as potency)

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

adjectives
nouns
verbs

Related terms edit

adjectives
adverbs
nouns

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), energia is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 79 times in scientific texts, 18 times in news, 10 times in essays, 5 times in fiction, and 2 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 114 times, making it the 533rd most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[5]

References edit

  1. ^ Mirosław Bańko; Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021), “energia”, in Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
  2. ^ Stanisław Dubisz, editor (2003), “energia”, in Uniwersalny słownik języka polskiego [Universal dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1-4, Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA, →ISBN
  3. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000), “energia”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
  4. ^ Rozmowa o rokoszu[1], 1606, page 111: “Nuż co była sama energia, sama medulla rokoszu tego, na żołnierza utriusque partis i na sługi senatorskie i panięce: »Kto cnotliwy, do braciej!« nie zawołano.”
  5. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “energia”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 112

Further reading edit

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin energīa (energy), from Ancient Greek ἐνέργεια (enérgeia, action, act, work), from ἐνεργός (energós, active), from ἐν (en, in) + ἔργον (érgon, work), from Proto-Indo-European *wérǵom.

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Hyphenation: e‧ner‧gi‧a

Noun edit

energia f (plural energias)

  1. energy (impetus behind activity)
  2. (physics) energy (ability to do work)
  3. (informal) electricity

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit