English

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Hebrew לוּז (luz, almond).

Noun

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luz

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
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  1. A small bone in the human spinal column, believed in Muslim and Jewish traditions to be the indestructible bone from which the body will be rebuilt at the time of resurrection.
  2. The almond tree

Aragonese

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Etymology

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From Latin lux.

Noun

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luz f

  1. light

References

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Galician

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Galician-Portuguese luz, from Latin lūcem, from Proto-Italic *louks, from the Proto-Indo-European root *lewk- (white; light; bright). Compare Portuguese luz.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈluθ], (western) [ˈlus]

Noun

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luz f (plural luces)

  1. light
  2. daylight

Derived terms

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References

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  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “luz”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “luz”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • luz” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • luz” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • luz” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Old Galician-Portuguese

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Etymology

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Inherited from Latin lūcem, from Proto-Italic *louks, from the Proto-Indo-European root *lewk- (white; light; bright).

Noun

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luz f

  1. daylight
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Descendants

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  • Galician: luz
  • Portuguese: luz

Further reading

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Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

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Borrowed from German los, from Old High German lōs, from Proto-Germanic *lausaz.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /lus/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -us
  • Syllabification: luz

Noun

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luz m inan (diminutive luzik)

  1. a spacious place
  2. (colloquial) free time, leisure
  3. (colloquial) ease (freedom from effort, difficulty or hardship)
    Synonym: swoboda
  4. (colloquial) margin (in machine learning: distance from the data point to a decision boundary)
    Synonym: marża
  5. (colloquial, automotive) idle (running a vehicle's engine when the vehicle is not in motion)
    Synonym: bieg jałowy

Declension

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Derived terms

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adjectives
noun
verbs
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adverbs

Further reading

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  • luz in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • luz in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Old Galician-Portuguese luz, from Latin lūcem, from Proto-Italic *louks, from the Proto-Indo-European root *lewk- (white; light; bright). Doublet of lux. Compare Galician luz.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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luz f (plural luzes)

  1. light (medium within which vision is possible)
    • 1915, Alberto Caeiro (Fernando Pessoa), “É noite”:
      É noite. A noite é muito escura. Numa casa a uma grande distancia. Brilha a luz d'uma janella.
      It's night. The night is very dark. In a house a great distance away. The light from a window shines.
  2. light; light source (object that emits light)
  3. (figurative) light; enlightenment (knowledge about things as they really are)
  4. (colloquial) electricity
Quotations
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For quotations using this term, see Citations:luz.

Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Verb

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luz

  1. inflection of luzir:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Spanish

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Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology

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Inherited from Old Spanish luz, from Latin lūcem, from Proto-Italic *louks, from Proto-Indo-European *léwks (light). Compare the borrowed doublet lux.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈluθ/ [ˈluθ]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈlus/ [ˈlus]
  • Rhymes: -uθ
  • Rhymes: -us
  • Syllabification: luz

Noun

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luz f (plural luces)

  1. light
    la luz extinguida
    the extinguished light
  2. (anatomy) lumen
  3. (figurative, usually in the plural) brightness, intelligence
    Vas a llegar con menos luces.
    You're going to get there with less intellect.
  4. (figurative) focus, point of view, understanding
    Debes verlo bajo una nueva luz.
    You must see it from a new point of view.
  5. (electricity) electric power
    Se fue la luz.
    The lights went out. (There is a blackout.)
  6. (architecture) span

Derived terms

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Further reading

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