See also: Hors and hörs

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Danish hors, Old Norse hross n, from Proto-Germanic *hrussą, cognate with English horse, German Ross n.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): [ˈhɒːs]

NounEdit

hors n (singular definite horset, plural indefinite hors)

  1. (archaic, poetic, dialect) horse, mare
    • 1906 Johs. V. Jensen, Digte, 20
      Christofer Columbus fra han var Dreng \ befandt sig bedst \ paa det blaa Hors med den hvide Man
      “Since he was a boy, Christopher Columbus \ was at his best \ on the blue horse with the white mane”

InflectionEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch hors, from Old Dutch hors, from Proto-West Germanic *hross, from Proto-Germanic *hrussą. Doublet of ros.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɦɔrs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: hors
  • Rhymes: -ɔrs

NounEdit

hors n (plural horsen, diminutive horsje n)

  1. (rare, dialectal, now mostly found in names) horse
    • 1558, Gaathije Pietersz, "Inventaris, gemaeckt den IVen Januarii anno XVC acht ende vijftich", in Anne Hallema, "Nogmaals een drietal inventarissen van Franeker burgers en boeren kort na 1550", Bijdragen en Mededeelingen van het Historisch Genootschap, Vol. 49, 1928, 286.
      Een coopbrief ende quitantie, gepasseert by Fopke Wopkezn. ende Hessel Thomaszn., als mombers tot Jacob Pieterszoons weesen, aen Jan Jacobszn. ende Anne Jans dochter, vanden huijsinge te Syaerda, mit hecken, heckpalen, van noch vijftien koeijen, twee rieren, een os, twee horsen ende andere dieren, alles gecoft ende betaelt voer vier hundert ende anderhalf gouden guldens, sijnde in date den XXIen Novembris anno 1549;
    • 1897, Guido Gezelle, "Twee horsen", in Rijmsnoer om en om het jaar.
      Ze stappen hun’ bellen al klinken, / de vrome twee horsen te gaar;
    • 1942, Cor Bruijn, Een gave van God, Uitgeverij Ploegsma, 16.
      Het hors zet aan, Gossen valt terug op zijn zitplaats.
    • 2009, Henk Gras, ‘Een stad waar men zich koninklijk kan vervelen?’ De modernisering van de theatrale vermakelijkheden buiten de schouwburg in Rotterdam, cica 1770-1860, Uitgeverij Verloren, 218, quoting Scaramouche, Scaramouche en zijne Vrienden op de Rotterdamsche Kermis, 1815, 15 & 16.
      Een zekere BERG bragt een lomp stuk HOUT voort; dit hout vormde zich tot allerlei gedaantes, en bekwam die eindelijk van Palvenier, nu beklom hij den Bok en achtte zich gelukkig de horsen van anderen voorttezwepen; dan zijne onrustige geaartheid deed hem van den bok tuimelen;

SynonymsEdit


FaroeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hors, from Proto-Germanic *hrussą (horse), from Proto-Indo-European *kers- (run).

NounEdit

hors n (genitive singular hors, plural hors)

  1. (poetic) a horse
  2. (archaic) a fool

DeclensionEdit

n11 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hors horsið hors horsini
Accusative hors horsið hors horsini
Dative horsi horsinum horsum horsunum
Genitive hors horsins horsa horsanna

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French fors, from Old French fors, from Latin forīs, or more likely derived from dehors (in Middle and Old French defors).

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

hors

  1. (obsolete except in set phrases) outside
    hors la villeoutside the city

Usage notesEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

hōrs

  1. Romanization of 𐌷𐍉𐍂𐍃

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English hors, from Proto-West Germanic *hross, from Proto-Germanic *hrussą (horse), from Proto-Indo-European *kers- (run).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hors (plural hors or horsen or horses)

  1. a horse (especially male and fully-grown)
    • c. 1395, John Wycliffe, John Purvey [et al.], transl., Bible (Wycliffite Bible (later version), MS Lich 10.)‎[1], published c. 1410, Apocalips 6:8, page 119r, column 1; republished as Wycliffe's translation of the New Testament, Lichfield: Bill Endres, 2010:
      ⁊ lo a pale hoꝛs .· and þe name was deþ to him þat ſat on hym and helle ſuede him / and power was ȝouen to him on foure partis of þe erþe .· to ſle with ſwerd / ⁊ wiþ hungur / ⁊ wiþ deþ / ⁊ wiþ beeſtis of þe erþe
      And lo! A pale horse, and the name was Death for who that sat on him, and hell trailed him. And power was given to him over four parts of the earth, to slay with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the earth's creatures.
  2. (rare) A horseman; a mounted soldier.
  3. (rare) A means of transport (like a horse)

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit
  • English: horse; hoss (see there for further descendants)
  • Scots: horse, hors
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English *hārs, variant of hās.

AdjectiveEdit

hors

  1. Alternative form of hos

NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French fors, hors, from Latin foris, or derived from dehors, from Late Latin deforis.

AdverbEdit

hors

  1. (Guernsey, Jersey) out

Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hors, metathesis of hross, from Proto-Germanic *hrussą. Akin to English horse.

NounEdit

hors n (definite singular horset, indefinite plural hors, definite plural horsa)

  1. a mare
  2. a female foal
    Synonym: fylje
  3. (derogatory) a frivolous woman

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

 
Ēastfrisisċ hors

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *hrussą (horse), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱers- (run).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hors n

  1. horse

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Derived from dehors, defors. See fors.

AdverbEdit

hors

  1. (rare or Late Old French) from; out (of)

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old FrisianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *hursą, *hrussą.

NounEdit

hors n

  1. horse

InflectionEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old NorseEdit

NounEdit

hors n

  1. Alternative form of hross

DeclensionEdit

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • hors in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English horse.

NounEdit

hors m (Cyrillic spelling хорс)

  1. (slang) heroin

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

hors

  1. indefinite genitive singular of hor