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See also: ROS, Ros, rós, , rös, roś, and Roś

Contents

CatalanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Occitan (compare Occitan ros), from Latin russus (compare French roux, Spanish rojo, Italian rosso, Romanian roșu), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ-.

AdjectiveEdit

ros (feminine rossa, masculine plural rossos, feminine plural rosses)

  1. blond
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin rōs, used as a neuter. Compare the form rou.

NounEdit

ros m (plural rosos)

  1. (dialectal, archaic) dew
SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From general Ros Olano.

NounEdit

ros m (plural rosos)

  1. piqued cap

ReferencesEdit


CornishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Brythonic *rod, from Proto-Celtic *rotos, from Proto-Indo-European *Hróth₂os.

NounEdit

ros f (plural rosow)

  1. wheel

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

ros f (plural rosyow)

  1. heathland

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

ros f (singulative rosen)

  1. roses

DanishEdit

VerbEdit

ros

  1. imperative of rose

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch ros, from Old Dutch ros, hors, from Proto-Germanic *hrussą (horse), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱers- (to run).

NounEdit

ros n (plural rossen, diminutive rosje n)

  1. horse
    Synonym: paard
  2. steed
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: ros

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

ros (comparative rosser, superlative meest ros or rost)

  1. of a colour between red and yellow:
    de rosse buurt
    the red-light district
  2. red-haired
InflectionEdit
Inflection of ros
uninflected ros
inflected rosse
comparative rosser
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial ros rosser het rost
het roste
indefinite m./f. sing. rosse rossere roste
n. sing. ros rosser roste
plural rosse rossere roste
definite rosse rossere roste
partitive ros rossers
Derived termsEdit

FriulianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin russus.

AdjectiveEdit

ros

  1. red

Derived termsEdit


IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish ros (linseed).

NounEdit

ros m (genitive singular rois)

  1. linseed, flaxseed
    Synonym: ros lín
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish ros (wood, promontory), from Proto-Celtic *ɸrostos, from Proto-Indo-European *pro- (before) + *steh₂- (to stand).

NounEdit

ros m (genitive singular rosa, nominative plural rosa)

  1. wood, wooded headland
    Synonym: coill
  2. (geography) headland, promontory
    Synonyms: rinn, scoth, léim
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ros not applicable not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁roseh₂. Cognate with Sanskrit रसा (rásā, moisture, humidity), Ancient Greek ἐξεράω (exeráō, pour out), Lithuanian rasà (dew).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

rōs m (genitive rōris); third declension

  1. dew
  2. moisture

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rōs rōrēs
Genitive rōris rōrum
Dative rōrī rōribus
Accusative rōrem rōrēs
Ablative rōre rōribus
Vocative rōs rōrēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Lower SorbianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ros

  1. second-person singular imperative of rosć

Mauritian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French roche

NounEdit

ros

  1. rock, stone

ReferencesEdit

  • Baker, Philip & Hookoomsing, Vinesh Y. 1987. Dictionnaire de créole mauricien. Morisyen – English – Français

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

ros

  1. plural of ro (roe deer)

Norwegian BokmålEdit

VerbEdit

ros

  1. passive form of ro

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *ɸrostos, from Proto-Indo-European *pro- (before) + *steh₂- (to stand). The same construction as Sanskrit प्रस्थ (prastha, plateau), but probably coined separately in the two languages.[1]

NounEdit

ros m (genitive ruis, nominative plural ruis)

  1. promontory
  2. wood
    • c. 900, Sanas Cormaic, from the Yellow Book of Lecan, Corm. Y 1079
      ross .i. trēde fordingair .i. ros fidbuide, []
      wood, that is, a triad of meanings, that is, a wood of yellow trees, []
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit
  • Irish: ros (wood)
  • Scottish Gaelic: ros (promontory)

Etymology 2Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

ros m (genitive ruis, nominative plural ruis)

  1. linseed
    • c. 900, Sanas Cormaic, from the Yellow Book of Lecan, Corm. Y 1079
      ros līn
      linseed
  2. flax or other small seed
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit
  • Irish: ros (linseed)
  • Scottish Gaelic: ros (linseed)

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ros
also rros after a proclitic
ros
pronounced with /r(ʲ)-/
ros
also rros after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 142

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin rōsus.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ros (past participle of roade)

  1. gnawed

AdjectiveEdit

ros m or n (feminine singular roasă, masculine plural roși, feminine and neuter plural roase)

  1. gnawed, eaten away at
  2. eroded, consumed
  3. (of clothes) careworn, threadbare, shabby, seedy, frayed

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish ros (linseed)

NounEdit

ros m (genitive singular rois, plural rosan)

  1. linseed, flax seed

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish ros (wood, promontory), from Proto-Celtic *ɸrostos, from Proto-Indo-European *pro- (before) + *steh₂- (to stand).

NounEdit

ros m (genitive singular rois, plural rosan)

  1. promontory, peninsula, isthmus

ReferencesEdit

  • ros” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.

Seychellois CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French roche

NounEdit

ros

  1. rock, stone

ReferencesEdit

  • Danielle D’Offay et Guy Lionnet, Diksyonner Kreol - Franse / Dictionnaire Créole Seychellois - Français

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Named after Antonio Ros de Olano (1808-1886), a Spanish general who introduced the hat into the Spanish army

NounEdit

ros m (plural roses)

  1. A type of military hat, similar to a shako

Sranan TongoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Dutch rossen.

VerbEdit

ros

  1. to beat up, to give a beating

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ruːs/
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Swedish ros‚ from Middle Low German rose, from Latin rosa.

NounEdit

ros c

  1. a rose; a flower, a shrub, and a heraldic charge
DeclensionEdit
Declension of ros 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ros rosen rosor rosorna
Genitive ros rosens rosors rosornas
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

ros

  1. indefinite genitive singular of ro

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

ros

  1. infinitive passive of ro.
  2. present tense passive of ro.

ReferencesEdit


Zoogocho ZapotecEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Spanish arroz, from Andalusian Arabic الرَّوز(arráwz), from Arabic أَرُزّ(ʾaruzz), from Ancient Greek ὄρυζᾰ (óruza).

NounEdit

ros

  1. rice

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Spanish rosa, from Latin rosa.

NounEdit

ros

  1. rose

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Long C., Rebecca; Cruz M., Sofronio (2000) Diccionario zapoteco de San Bartolomé Zoogocho, Oaxaca (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 38)‎[1] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Coyoacán, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 270