See also: Lex




From lexical analysis, from lexical.



lex (third-person singular simple present lexes, present participle lexing, simple past and past participle lexed)

  1. (computing) To perform lexical analysis; to convert a character stream to a token stream as a preliminary to parsing.
    • 1994, Donna K Harman, National Institute of Standards and Technology, The Second Text REtrieval Conference (TREC-2)
      Once this is done, each processor parses and lexes its own documents, using conventional programming techniques.
    • 2004, Richard William Sharp, Higher-level hardware synthesis
      SAFL source is lexed and parsed into an abstract syntax tree.
    • 2007, Don Syme, Adam Granicz, Antonio Cisternino, Expert F#
      Lexing and parsing do not have to be separated, and there are often convenient .NET methods for extracting information from text in particular formats...

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit





lēx f (genitive lēgis); third declension

  1. a law, legal motion, bill
  2. (figuratively) agreement, condition, understanding


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative lēx lēgēs
genitive lēgis lēgum
dative lēgī lēgibus
accusative lēgem lēgēs
ablative lēge lēgibus
vocative lēx lēgēs

Derived termsEdit



  • lex in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lex in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • LEX in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to give the state a constitution: rem publicam legibus et institutis temperare (Tusc. 1. 1. 2)
    • (a state) has its own laws, is autonomous: suis legibus utitur (B. G. 1. 45. 3)
    • a law is adopted: lex perfertur
    • the laws of Solon ordained that..: Solonis legibus sanctum erat, ut or ne
    • a law is valid: lex rata est (opp. irrita)
    • without breaking the law: salvis legibus (vid. sect. X. 7, note Notice...)
    • the law orders, forbids (expressly, distinctly): lex iubet, vetat (dilucide, planissime)
    • a legislator: legum scriptor, conditor, inventor
    • (ambiguous) a legislator: qui leges scribit (not legum lator)
    • to free from legal obligations: legibus solvere
    • (ambiguous) this is our natural tendency, our destiny; nature compels us: ita (ea lege, ea condicione) nati sumus
    • (ambiguous) the rules of speech, grammar: leges dicendi
    • (ambiguous) to hold by the letter (of the law): verba ac litteras or scriptum (legis) sequi (opp. sententia the spirit)
    • (ambiguous) the constitution: instituta et leges
    • (ambiguous) to give the state a constitution: civitati leges, iudicia, iura describere
    • (ambiguous) to bring a bill before the notice of the people: legem, rogationem promulgare (Liv. 33. 46)
    • (ambiguous) to propose a law in the popular assembly: legem ferre or simply ferre ad populum, ut...
    • (ambiguous) to support a bill (before the people): legem suadere (opp. dissuadere)
    • (ambiguous) to support a bill (before the people): pro lege dicere
    • (ambiguous) to formally propose a law to the people: legem rogare or rogare populum (cf. sect. XVI. 4, note Aulus Gellius...)
    • (ambiguous) to carry a law (said of the magistrate): legem perferre (Liv. 33. 46)
    • (ambiguous) to reject a bill: legem antiquare (opp. accipere, iubere)
    • (ambiguous) to vote for a law: legem sciscere (Planc. 14. 35)
    • (ambiguous) to ratify a law (used of the people): legem iubere
    • (ambiguous) to let a bill become law (of the people and senate): legem sancire
    • (ambiguous) Solo ordained by law that..: Solo lege sanxit, ut or ne
    • (ambiguous) to replace an old law by a new: legem abrogare (Att. 3. 23. 2)
    • (ambiguous) to abolish a law: legem tollere (Leg. 2. 12. 31)
    • (ambiguous) to protest against a law (used of the veto, intercessio, of plebeian tribunes): legi intercedere
    • (ambiguous) to bring a law before the notice of the people: legem proponere in publicum
    • (ambiguous) to engrave a law upon a brazen tablet: legem in aes incīdere
    • (ambiguous) to declare a law valid: legem ratam esse iubere
    • (ambiguous) to transgress a law: a lege discedere
    • (ambiguous) the law says..: in lege scriptum est, or simply est
    • (ambiguous) the spirit of the law: sententia or voluntas legis
    • (ambiguous) to make laws (of a legislator): leges scribere, facere, condere, constituere (not dare)
    • (ambiguous) a legislator: qui leges scribit (not legum lator)
    • (ambiguous) to swear obedience to a law: in legem iurare (Sest. 16. 37)
    • (ambiguous) to be bound by a law: lege teneri
    • (ambiguous) on condition of..: ea lege, ut
    • (ambiguous) a thing is illegal: aliquid contra legem est
    • (ambiguous) to upset the whole constitution: omnes leges confundere
    • (ambiguous) lawlessness; anarchy: leges nullae
    • (ambiguous) to go to law with a person: (ex) iure, lege agere cum aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to be condemned under the Lex Plautia: lege Plautia damnari (Sall. Cat. 31. 4)
  • lex in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lex in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Palmer, L.R. (1906) The Latin Language, London, Faber and Faber