See also: Ned, NED, -ned, and -néd

English edit

Etymology edit

Unknown. The suggested initialism from "non-educated delinquent" is a backronym and folk etymology. Several other suggestions include a contraction of ne'er-do-well, neanderthal, or some kind of relationship with Teddy Boy although its use much predates the 1950s origin of that phrase. Ostensibly unrelated to "Ned" as a diminutive of the personal name "Edward" but the Scottish use of 'ned' for hooligan or lout is cited by the Oxford English Dictionary as dating from the early 19th century. The OED also attributes a possible derivation from the 'Edward' diminutive.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /nɛd/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛd

Noun edit

ned (plural neds)

  1. (Scotland, slang, derogatory, offensive) A person, usually a youth, of low social standing and education, a violent disposition and with a particular style of dress (typically sportswear or Burberry), speech and behaviour.
    • 2007 (Scotland), RecordView in Daily Record, 14 Feb 07, Scottish Daily Record and Sunday Mail, p. 8:
      The mindless behaviour of drunken neds and nuisance neighbours brings misery to tens of thousands of honest folk.
    • 2022, Liam McIlvanney, The Heretic, page 28:
      You could live in a place for twenty years, you could clean up its streets and lock up its neds.

Synonyms edit

Anagrams edit

Bavarian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German niwiht, niweht, niht, a contracted form of Old High German niowiht, from nio (never) + wiht (being, creature), the last from Proto-Germanic *wihtą. Cognates include German nicht, Dutch niet, Yiddish ניט (nit) and נישט (nisht), English not.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /neːd̥/ (West Central)
  • IPA(key): /ne̞d̥/, /nɛd̥/ (East Central, Vienna, Southern)

Adverb edit

ned

  1. not
    Des is ned mei Hund.This is not my dog.

Interjection edit

ned?

  1. (tag question) right?; is it?; isn't it?
    Synonyms: , gön S', gej, gäi, ned woa
    Des is dei Hund, ned?That's your dog, right?

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse niðr, from Proto-Germanic *niþer, from Proto-Indo-European *niter. Cognates include Faroese and Icelandic niður, English nether, Dutch neder, German nieder.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /nɛð/, [neð̠˕ˠ]

Preposition edit

ned

  1. down

German edit

Adverb edit

ned

  1. Alternative spelling of net

Italian edit

Etymology edit

From , by analogy with e/ed.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

ned

  1. (poetic, rare) Alternative form of used before a vowel
    • c. 1260s, Brunetto Latini, Il tesoretto [The Treasure], collected in Raccolta di rime antiche toscane: Volume primo, Palermo: Giuseppe Assenzio, published 1817, page 9, lines 1–5:
      Al valente Signore,
      Di cui non so migliore
      Sù la terra trovare;
      Che non avete pare
      Nè ’n pace, ned in guerra
      To the valiant Lord, better of whom I can not find anyone on earth, for you have no peer, neither in peace nor in war

Further reading edit

  • ned in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Lower Sorbian edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Upper Sorbian hnyd and Czech hned.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

ned

  1. immediately, straightaway

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Alternative forms edit

  • ner (no longer listed; obsolete)

Etymology edit

From Old Norse niðr, from Proto-Germanic *niþer.

Adverb edit

ned

  1. down (from a higher to a lower level)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse niðr, from Proto-Germanic *niþer.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

ned

  1. down (from a higher to a lower level)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

Old English edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

nēd f

  1. Alternative form of nīed

Scots edit

Noun edit

ned (plural neds)

  1. (slang, derogatory) ned

Swedish edit

Alternative forms edit

  • ner (somewhat informal)
  • neder (archaic except in some compounds)

Etymology edit

From Old Norse niðr, from Proto-Germanic *niþer, from Proto-Indo-European *niter. Cognates include English nether, Faroese and Icelandic niður, German nieder and Dutch neder.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

ned (not comparable)

  1. (somewhat formal) down
    Antonym: upp

Usage notes edit

The forms ned and ner are often, but not always, interchangeable. The form ned is more formal and is especially found in compounds of more formal nature, whereas ner is more common as a word on its own. For instance the formal word nedlägga (to discontinue, shut down) vs. its informal equivalent lägga ner. Some compounds can use either form, e.g. nedladdning (download) (more formal) or nerladdning (less formal). Some compounds only use ned, e.g. nedlåtande (condescending).

In a few compounds, the otherwise archaic form neder is used, e.g. nederbörd (precipitation) or nedervåning (ground floor).

See also edit

  • nere (down, as a location)

References edit

Anagrams edit

Votic edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈned/, [ˈned̥]
  • Rhymes: -ed̥
  • Hyphenation: ned

Pronoun edit

ned

  1. Alternative form of need