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See also: Niesen

Contents

DutchEdit

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German niosan, from Proto-Germanic *hneusaną, a variant of *fneusaną. Cognate with Dutch niezen.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈniːzən/, [ˈniːzən], [ˈniːzn̩] (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ˈniːsən/ (just as common)
  • (file)

VerbEdit

niesen (third-person singular simple present niest, past tense nieste, past participle geniest or genossen, auxiliary haben)

  1. (intransitive) to sneeze

Usage notesEdit

  • By far the most common past participle is regular geniest. Only this form is correct by standard rules.
  • Among those speakers who pronounce the verb with a voiceless [s]-sound, some few use the strong participle genossen, which is more properly that of genießen (to enjoy). This usage is most often humorous, otherwise quite rare.

ConjugationEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *niosan, from Proto-Germanic *hneusaną.

VerbEdit

niesen

  1. to sneeze

InflectionEdit

Weak
Infinitive niesen
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive niesen
In genitive niesens
In dative niesene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular niese
2nd singular nies, nieses
3rd singular niest, nieset
1st plural niesen
2nd plural niest, nieset
3rd plural niesen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular niese
2nd singular nies, nieses
3rd singular niese
1st plural niesen
2nd plural niest, nieset
3rd plural niesen
Imperative Present
Singular nies, niese
Plural niest, nieset
Present Past
Participle niesende

Alternative formsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • niesen”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • niesen (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929