panis on Latin Wikipedia


Of uncertain origin. Usually explained as a derivation of Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- ‎(to graze), via earlier *pāstnis (compare pāstillus ‎(cake, pastille) and supine pāstum).

pānēs (breads)



pānis m ‎(genitive pānis); third declension

  1. bread, loaf
  2. (figuratively) food or nourishment in general, whether physical or spiritual
  3. a mass in the shape of a loaf


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pānis pānēs
genitive pānis pānum
dative pānī pānibus
accusative pānem pānēs
ablative pāne pānibus
vocative pānis pānēs

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



  • panis in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • panis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • PANIS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • panis” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to give a person poison in bread: dare venenum in pane
    • ordinary bread: panis cibarius
  • panis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 443




  1. Rotten, as for food, with foul smell.