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 panis on Latin Wikipedia


Of uncertain origin. Usually explained as a derivation of Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to graze), via earlier *pāstnis (compare pāstillus (cake, pastille) and supine pāstum).

pānēs (breads)



pānis m (genitive pānis); third declension

  1. bread, loaf
    Panem nostrum quotidianum da nobis hodie.Give us this day our daily bread.
  2. (figuratively) food or nourishment in general, whether physical or spiritual
  3. a mass in the shape of a loaf


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pānis pānēs
genitive pānis pānum
dative pānī pānibus
accusative pānem pānēs
ablative pāne pānibus
vocative pānis pānēs

Derived termsEdit


Further readingEdit

  • panis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • panis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “panis”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • panis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to give a person poison in bread: dare venenum in pane
    • ordinary bread: panis cibarius
  • panis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 443




  1. rotten; stale; spoiled (as of food)