From Middle English poll (“pate, scalp”) + -ard. The coin sense derives from the original penny's uncrowned obverse bust, as opposed to the laurel-wreathed form appearing on the rosary. The verb derives from the noun.
pollard (plural pollards)
- (often attributive) A pruned tree; the wood of such trees.
- A buck deer that has shed its antlers.
- A hornless variety of domestic animal, as cattle or goats.
- (obsolete, rare) The European chub (Leuciscus cephalus), a kind of fish.
- (now Australia) A fine grade of bran including some flour.
- (numismatics, historical) 13th-century European coins minted as debased counterfeits of the sterling silver penny of Edward I of England, at first legally accepted as a halfpenny and then outlawed.