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See also: Bran and brân

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Old French bren, bran (bran, filth), from Gaulish brennos (rotten), from Proto-Celtic *bragnos (rotten, foul) (compare Welsh braen (stench), Irish bréan (rancid), Walloon brin (excrement)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰreHg- (compare Latin fragrāre (to smell strongly), Dutch brak (hound)).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bran (countable and uncountable, plural brans)

  1. The broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain, separated from the flour or meal by sifting or bolting; the coarse, chaffy part of ground grain.
  2. (ornithology) The European carrion crow.

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *bran, from Proto-Celtic *branos, from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow).

Compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna.

NounEdit

bran m (plural brini)

  1. crow, raven

InflectionEdit

See alsoEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan brand, from Vulgar Latin *brandus, from Frankish *brand.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bran m (plural brans)

  1. broadsword

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


CornishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *bran, from Proto-Celtic *branos, from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow).

Compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bran m (plural brini or briny)

  1. crow

IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish bran, from Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana), from Proto-Celtic *branos, from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow) (compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna).

NounEdit

bran m (genitive singular brain, nominative plural brain)

  1. (literary) raven
    Synonym: fiach
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • branán m (raven; a principal piece in ancient board-game set; prince)

Etymology 2Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

bran m (genitive singular brain, nominative plural brain)

  1. bream (Abramis brama)
    Synonyms: bréan, deargán
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

bran m (genitive singular bran)

  1. Clipping of bran (mór) (bran).
  2. Clipping of bran beag (pollard).
DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bran bhran mbran
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old FrenchEdit

NounEdit

bran m (oblique plural brans, nominative singular brans, nominative plural bran)

  1. Alternative form of branc

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Primitive Irish ᚁᚏᚐᚅᚐ (brana), from Proto-Celtic *branos (raven), from Proto-Indo-European *werneh₂- (crow) (compare Tocharian B wrauña, Lithuanian várna).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bran m (genitive brain or broin, nominative plural brain or broin)

  1. raven
    Synonyms: fiach, trogan

InflectionEdit

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bran bran
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbran
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bornь. Cognate with Polish broń.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

brȃn f

  1. defense

InflectionEdit

Feminine, i-stem, mobile accent
nom. sing. brán
gen. sing. braní
singular dual plural
nominative brán braní braní
accusative brán braní braní
genitive braní braní braní
dative bráni branéma braném
locative bráni branéh branéh
instrumental branjó branéma branmí

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English bran.

NounEdit

bran m (plural {{{2}}})

  1. bran (broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain), husks

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bran fran mran unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • Angharad Fychan and Ann Parry Owen, editors (2014), “bran”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies