prejudice

See also: préjudice

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old French prejudice, from Latin praeiūdicium (previous judgment or damage), from prae- (before) + iūdicium (judgment).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɹɛd͡ʒədɪs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: prej‧u‧dice

NounEdit

prejudice (countable and uncountable, plural prejudices)

  1. (countable) An adverse judgment or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge of the facts.
  2. (countable) Any preconceived opinion or feeling, whether positive or negative.
  3. (countable) An irrational hostile attitude, fear or hatred towards a particular group, race or religion.
    I am free of all prejudices. I hate everyone equally.
  4. (obsolete) Knowledge formed in advance; foresight, presaging.
  5. (obsolete) Mischief; hurt; damage; injury; detriment.
    • 1793, Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin[1], §20:
      We both of us happen’d to know, as well as the Stationer, that Riddlesden the Attorney, was a very Knave. He had half ruin’d Miss Read’s Father by drawing him in to be bound for him. By his Letter it appear’d, there was a secret Scheme on foot to the Prejudice of Hamilton, (Suppos’d to be then coming over with us,) and that Keith was concern’d in it with Riddlesden. [...]
    (Can we find and add a quotation of John Locke to this entry?)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

prejudice (third-person singular simple present prejudices, present participle prejudicing, simple past and past participle prejudiced)

  1. (transitive) To have a negative impact on (someone's position, chances etc.).
  2. (transitive) To cause prejudice in; to bias the mind of.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin praeiudicium.

NounEdit

prejudice f (oblique plural prejudices, nominative singular prejudice, nominative plural prejudices)

  1. (chiefly law) harm; damage
  2. (chiefly law) prejudgment; prejudice

DescendantsEdit

  • English: prejudice
  • French: préjudice