prejudice

See also: préjudice

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English prejudice, from Old French prejudice, from Latin praeiūdicium (previous judgment or damage), from prae- (before) + iūdicium (judgment).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɹɛd͡ʒədɪs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: prej‧u‧dice

NounEdit

prejudice (countable and uncountable, plural prejudices)

  1. (countable) An adverse judgment or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge of the facts.
  2. (countable) Any preconceived opinion or feeling, whether positive or negative.
  3. (countable) An irrational hostile attitude, fear or hatred towards a particular group, race or religion.
    I am free of all prejudices. I hate everyone equally.
  4. (obsolete) Knowledge formed in advance; foresight, presaging.
  5. (chiefly obsolete) Mischief; hurt; damage; injury; detriment.
    • 1793, Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin[1], §20:
      We both of us happen’d to know, as well as the Stationer, that Riddlesden the Attorney, was a very Knave. He had half ruin’d Miss Read’s Father by drawing him in to be bound for him. By his Letter it appear’d, there was a secret Scheme on foot to the Prejudice of Hamilton, (Suppos’d to be then coming over with us,) and that Keith was concern’d in it with Riddlesden. [...]
    • 1702, W. Popple (translator), John Locke, A Letter concerning Toleration []
      for no injury is thereby done to any one, no prejudice to another man's goods
    • 1613, William Shakespeare; [John Fletcher], “The Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eight”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i]:
      England and France might, through their amity, / Breed him some prejudice.
    • a. 1662 (date written), Thomas Fuller, The History of the Worthies of England, London: [] J[ohn] G[rismond,] W[illiam] L[eybourne] and W[illiam] G[odbid], published 1662, OCLC 418859860:
      For Pens, so usefull for Scholars to note the remarkables they read, with an impression easily deleble without prejudice to the Book.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

prejudice (third-person singular simple present prejudices, present participle prejudicing, simple past and past participle prejudiced)

  1. (transitive) To have a negative impact on (someone's position, chances etc.).
  2. (transitive) To cause prejudice in; to bias the mind of.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

prejudice

  1. Misspelling of prejudiced.

See alsoEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin praeiudicium.

NounEdit

prejudice f (oblique plural prejudices, nominative singular prejudice, nominative plural prejudices)

  1. (chiefly law) harm; damage
  2. (chiefly law) prejudgment; prejudice

DescendantsEdit

  • English: prejudice
  • French: préjudice