From Middle English trimen, trymen, trümen, from Old English trymman (“to make firm; strengthen”), from Proto-Germanic *trumjaną (“to make fast; strengthen”), from Proto-Germanic *trumaz (“firm; strong; sound”).
- (transitive) To reduce slightly; to cut; especially, to remove excess.
- He trimmed his beard before the interview.
- The hedge needs to be trimmed.
- Place the screen material in the frame, secure it in place, and trim the edges.
- The company trimmed jobs for the second time this year.
- A ranch steak is usually trimmed of all excess fat.
- (transitive) To decorate or adorn; especially of a Christmas tree.
- c. 1590–1591, William Shakespeare, “The Two Gentlemen of Verona”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iv]:
- I was trimmed in Madam Julia's gown.
- 1961 February, “New "Mini-Buffets" from Wolverton”, in Trains Illustrated, page 79:
- Seats are trimmed in a grey and blue moquette and tables are finished with grey Vyanide tops, gilt edging and ebony legs.
- 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 1, in The China Governess:
- The half-dozen pieces […] were painted white and carved with festoons of flowers, birds and cupids. […] The bed was the most extravagant piece. Its graceful cane halftester rose high towards the cornice and was so festooned in carved white wood that the effect was positively insecure, as if the great couch were trimmed with icing sugar.
- They traditionally trim the tree on Christmas Eve.
- (transitive, aviation, of an aircraft) To adjust the positions of control surfaces, sometimes using trim tabs, so as to modify or eliminate the aircraft's tendency to pitch, roll, or yaw when the cockpit controls are released.
- (transitive, nautical, of a vessel) To modify the angle relative to the water by shifting cargo or ballast; to adjust for sailing; to assume, or cause to assume a certain position, or trim, in the water.
- (transitive, nautical, of a vessel's sails) To modify the angle (of the sails) relative to the wind, especially to set them at the most advantageous angle.
- (dated) To balance; to fluctuate between parties, so as to appear to favour each.
- (transitive) To make trim; to put in due order for any purpose; to make right, neat, or pleasing; to adjust.
- 1766 March, [Oliver Goldsmith], The Vicar of Wakefield: A Tale. Supposed to be Written by Himself, volume (please specify |volume=I or II), Salisbury, Wiltshire: […] B. Collins, for F[rancis] Newbery, […], OCLC 938500648:
- The hermit trimmed his little fire.
- (transitive, carpentry, of timber) To dress; to make smooth.
- (transitive, dated) To rebuke; to reprove.
- (transitive, dated) To beat or thrash.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (uncountable) Decoration; especially, decoration placed along edges or borders.
- Paint the house white with blue trim.
- (countable) A haircut, especially a moderate one to touch up an existing style.
- I went to the hairdresser for a trim but came back nearly bald.
- Dress; gear; ornaments.
- (countable) The manner in which something is equipped or adorned; order; disposition.
- The car comes in three different trims.
- to be in good trim
- 1614, George Chapman, Andromeda Liberata
- The measure and whole trim of comeliness
- (uncountable, aviation, of an aircraft) The state of adjustment of control surfaces such that the desired attitude can be maintained without requiring the continuous application of force to the cockpit controls.
- (uncountable, aviation, by extension) The mechanism(s) used to trim an aircraft in roll, pitch, and/or yaw.
- (uncountable, slang, mildly vulgar) Sexual intercourse.
- (nautical) The fore-and-aft angle of the vessel to the water, with reference to the cargo and ballast; the manner in which a vessel floats on the water, whether on an even keel or down by the head or stern.
- (nautical) The arrangement of the sails with reference to the wind.
- Physically fit.
- He goes jogging every day to keep in trim.
- Slender, lean.
- a trim figure
- Neat or smart in appearance.
- a trim lawn
- 1599, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act 4 Scene 1
- […] manhood is melted into curtsies, valour into compliment, and men are only turned into tongue, and trim ones too: he is now as valiant as Hercules that only tells a lie and swears it.
- 1907 August, Robert W[illiam] Chambers, chapter IX, in The Younger Set, New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, OCLC 24962326:
- “A tight little craft,” was Austin’s invariable comment on the matron; and she looked it, always trim and trig and smooth of surface like a converted yacht cleared for action. ¶ Near her wandered her husband, orientally bland, invariably affable, […].
trim (not comparable)
From Proto-Albanian *trim-, from Proto-Indo-European *ter- (“soft, weak, young”). Cognate with Sanskrit तरुण (táruṇa, “young”) and Armenian թարմ (tʿarm, “young, fresh”). Alternatively from Proto-Indo-European *trem(s)- (“to thump; to tremble”). Compare Latin tremō (“tremble”), Lithuanian trìmti (“shake, tremble”), Tocharian A tröm (“in rage, fury”) and Tocharian B tremi (“rage, fury”).
- ^ Trajm in Google Search.
- ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (1997) Albanische Etymologien: Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz [Albanian Etymologies: Investigations into the Albanian Inherited Lexicon] (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 7) (in German), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi
- ^ “Indogermanisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch”, J. Pokorny, 1959, Bern Francke, p. 1092
- ^ Dictionnaire Français-Albanais / Fjalor Shqip-Frengjisht, page 608, Vedat Kokona, Tiranë, 2002, →ISBN