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ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ق ل م(q-l-m).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

قَلَمَ (qalama) I, non-past يَقْلِمُ‎‎ (yaqlimu)

  1. to cut, to clip, to pare, to prune, to trim, to lop, to truncate, to snip, to cut back, to cut down
  2. to make stripes, to stripe
  3. to fleece, to fleece wool
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Intensive form II verb derived from form I verb قَلَمَ(qalama, to cut).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

قَلَّمَ (qallama) II, non-past يُقَلِّمُ‎‎ (yuqallimu)

  1. to cut much or frequently
  2. to striate, to stripe
ConjugationEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Ancient Greek κάλαμος (kálamos, reed). Nöldeke and Jeffery are convinced that it comes thence via Ge'ez ቀለም (ḳäläm, reed), while Leslau notes that ቀለም (ḳäläm, reed) could come from Arabic. But the meaning “reed” – referring to a plant – is not actually attested for the Arabic word, and given the peculiar semantics in Ge'ez where the word ቀለም (ḳäläm) is mixed into the root of ቀለመ (ḳälämä, to color, to stain, to write) and as well means “color”, “ink”, “inkstand”, as Leslau separates himself, a Ge'ez origin can explain why in Arabic the meaning is restricted to “pen” in the beginning compared with the Greek κάλαμος (kálamos) meaning “reed cane” in general.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قَلَم (qalamm (plural أَقْلَام(ʾaqlām))

  1. pen, reed pen
  2. pencil
    قَلَم رَصَاص‎‎ ― qalam raṣāṣpencil
  3. writing, script, calligraphic style, ductus, handwriting
  4. style
  5. office, bureau, agency
  6. window, counter
  7. (commerce) item, entry
  8. stripe, streak, line, bar, stria
DeclensionEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Gulf Arabic: قلم
  • Persian: قَلَم(pen)

ReferencesEdit

  • Ahrens, Karl (1930), “Christliches im Qoran. Eine Nachlese”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[2] (in German), volume 84, page 24
  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938), “قَلَمٌ”, in The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, pages 242–243
  • Leslau, Wolf (1991), “qalama”, in Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, pages 428–429
  • Löw, Immanuel (1928) Die Flora der Juden[3] (in German), volume 1, Wien und Leipzig: R. Löwit, pages 662–685
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[4] (in German), Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 50

Etymology 4Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قَلْم (qalmm

  1. verbal noun of قَلَمَ (qalama) (form I)
DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “قلم”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum, volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 492
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “قلم”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[5], London: W.H. Allen, pages 853–854
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “قلم”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 922

Gulf ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic قَلَم(qalam).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قَلَم (qələmm (plural اَقْلام‎, ʾəqlam)

  1. pen
    Synonym: قلم حبر
  2. pencil
    Synonym: قلم رصاص

Hijazi ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic قَلَم(qalam).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قَلَم (galamm (plural أَقْلام‎ ‎(ʾaglām))

  1. pen
  2. pencil

PersianEdit

 
Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic قَلَم(qalam), from Ancient Greek κάλαμος (kálamos, reed).

NounEdit

Dari Persian قلم
Iranian Persian
Tajik қалам (qalam)

قلم (qalam) (plural قلم‌ها(qalam-hâ))

  1. reed
  2. pen, reed pen
  3. (computing) font

NounEdit

قلم (qalam) (plural اقلام(aqlâm))

  1. (commerce) item, entry
    چندین قلم جنس در مغازه داریم.‎‎
    čandin qalam jens dar mağâze dârim.
    We have various kinds of articles (or goods) in our store.

PunjabiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic قَلَم(qalam), from Ancient Greek κάλαμος (kálamos, reed).

NounEdit

قلم (qlmf (Gurmukhi spelling ਕ਼ਲਮ)

  1. pen

DeclensionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


UrduEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic قَلَم(qalam), from Ancient Greek κάλαμος (kálamos, reed).

NounEdit

قلم (qalamf (Hindi spelling क़लम)

  1. pen
    1. (historical) reed pen
  2. reed

DeclensionEdit

Declension of قلم
singular plural
direct قلم(qalam) قلمیں(qalamẽ)
oblique قلم(qalam) قلموں(qalamõ)
vocative قلم(qalam) قلمو(qalamo)