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See also:
U+5F35, 張
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F35

[U+5F34]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F36]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 57, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓尸一女 (NSMV), four-corner 11232, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 359, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9812
  • Dae Jaweon: page 675, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 997, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5F35

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taŋ, *taŋs
*taŋ
*taŋ
*taŋ, *taŋʔ, *taŋs
*taŋʔ, *daŋ, *daŋs
*taŋs
*taŋs
*taŋs
*taŋs
倀 *tʰaŋ, *rtaːŋs
*tʰaŋ
*tʰaŋʔ
*tʰaŋs
*tʰaŋs
*daŋ
*daŋ, *daŋs
*rdaːŋ
*rdaːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taŋ, *taŋs): semantic  (bow) + phonetic  (OC *taŋʔ, *daŋ, *daŋs).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g/m/b-raŋ (strong; firm; tense) or Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(d/t)aŋ (tense; tight); compare Tibetan ཐང་པོ (thang po, tense; tight; firm), Burmese တင် (tang, to tighten; to be tight).

Pronunciation 2 is the exopassive of pronunciation 1, literally “to be stretched” (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • tiuⁿ/tioⁿ - colloquial;
  • tiong/tiang - literary.
Note: diên1 (Chaozhou), dion1 (Shantou) - surname.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ˥˥/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂaŋ˦˦/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ˨˩/
/t͡sɑŋ˨˩/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂaŋ˨˩˧/
Qingdao /tʃaŋ˨˩˧/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂaŋ˨˦/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂaŋ˨˩/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂɔ̃˦˦/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ˦˦/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɑ̃˧˩/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ˦˦/
Wuhan /t͡saŋ˥˥/
Chengdu /t͡saŋ˥˥/
Guiyang /t͡saŋ˥˥/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂã̠/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂaŋ˧˩/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂɑ̃˨˩/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sɒ̃˩˩/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂɑŋ˩˧/
/t͡suə˩˧/ ~村
Hohhot /t͡sɑ̃˧˩/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sã˥˧/
Suzhou /t͡sã˥˥/
Hangzhou /t͡sɑŋ˧˧/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕi˧˧/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕia˧˩/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiau˩˩/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂan˧˧/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂɔn˧˧/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɔŋ˦˨/
Hakka Meixian /t͡soŋ˦˦/
Taoyuan /tʃoŋ˨˦/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sœŋ˥˧/
Nanning /t͡sœŋ˥˥/
Hong Kong /t͡sœŋ˥˥/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiɔŋ˥˥/
/tiũ˥˥/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tuoŋ˦˦/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tiɔŋ˥˦/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siaŋ˧˧/
/tiõ˧˧/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡siaŋ˨˧/
/ʔdio˨˧/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (9)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȶiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhāng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjang ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.traŋ/
English draw a bow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 1259
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to stretch; to open up; to spread
    /   ―  zhāngkāi  ―  to open up, to spread
    /   ―  zhāngkǒu  ―  to gape, to yawn
  2. to expand; to spread
    /   ―  kuòzhāng  ―  to expand, expansion
    /   ―  shēngzhāng  ―  to make public, to disclose
  3. nervous; tense
    /   ―  jǐnzhāng  ―  nervous
    /   ―  zhāng  ―  tension
  4. Classifier for things with a flat surface: sheet
    地圖 / 地图  ―  zhāng dìtú  ―  a map
    桌子 / 桌子  ―  zhāng zhuōzi  ―  a table
    / [Cantonese]  ―  gei2 zoeng1 dang3 [Jyutping]  ―  several chairs
    / [Cantonese]  ―  loeng5 zoeng1 zi2 [Jyutping]  ―  two sheets of paper
  5. Classifier for votes.
  6. (Chinese astronomy) Extended Net (one of Twenty-Eight Mansions)
  7. A surname​. Zhang, listed #24 of the Baijiaxing
DescendantsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (9)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ȶiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhàng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 1270
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to boast; to exaggerate (now merged into Pronunciation 1)
  2. Original form of (zhàng).
  3. Original form of (zhàng).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jang) (hangeul , revised jang, McCune–Reischauer chang, Yale cang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Middle VietnameseEdit

NounEdit

(blang)

  1. page of a book

DescendantsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trương)

  1. A surname. Trương or Truong.