EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

ser

  1. Abbreviation of serial.

Etymology 2Edit

From sir.

NounEdit

ser (plural sers)

  1. (in some fantasy novels) An address or courtesy title to any person, especially if their gender and/or form of address are unknown.
    Would ser care to dine this evening?
    (The addition of quotations indicative of this usage is being sought:)

AnagramsEdit


AragoneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sedeō, sedēre (to sit, to reside) and sum (to be).

VerbEdit

ser

  1. to be

AsturianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sedeō, sedēre (to sit, to reside) sum (to be).

VerbEdit

ser

  1. to be

ConjugationEdit

Impersonal forms
Infinitive ser
Gerund siendo
Past participle sío
Personal forms
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Indicative Present soi
so
yes ye somos sois son
Imperfect preterite yera yeres yera yéremos~yéramos yereis~yerais yeren
Perfect preterite fui fuesti
fuisti
foi fuemos
fuimos
fuestis
fuistis
fueron
Pluperfect preterite fuera~fuere fueras~fueres fuera~fuere fuéramos~fuéremos fuerais~fuereis fueran~fueren
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Subjunctive Present seya seyas seya seyamos seyáis seyan
Imperfect preterite fuera~fuere fueras~fueres fuera~fuere fuéramos~fuéremos fuerais~fuereis fueran~fueren
yo tu él~elli/-a/-o nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós ellos/-es
Potential Future seré serás será seremos seréis serán
Conditional sería~sedría seríes~sedríes sería~sedría seríamos~seríemos~sedríamos~sedríemos seríais~seríeis~sedríais~sedríeis seríen~sedríen
- tu vusté nosotros/-es~nós vosotros/-es~vós vustedes
Imperative vamos ser sei

NounEdit

ser m (plural seres)

  1. being

Derived termsEdit


BaureEdit

NounEdit

ser

  1. tooth
    niser — my tooth
    eser — a tooth, someone's tooth
    nitorak to eser — I found a/someone's tooth

ReferencesEdit

  • Languages of the Amazon (2012, →ISBN

CatalanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a reduction of ésser, from Latin sum, from Proto-Italic *ezom, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti (I am, I exist).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

(verb)

(noun)

VerbEdit

ser (first-person singular present sóc, past participle estat)

  1. (intransitive) to be, to exist
    Ser o no ser, aquesta és la qüestió.
    To be or not to be, that is the question.
  2. (intransitive, +adverbial phrase) to be located (to be in a place)
  3. (transitive, copulative) to be (used to connect a noun to another noun)
  4. (transitive, copulative) to have a characteristic (used to connect a noun to an adjective that describes an inherent property)
  5. (auxiliary) Used to form the passive voice, together with a past participle

Usage notesEdit

This is one of two verbs that can be translated as to be, the other being estar. Ser/ésser indicates an inherent quality, whereas estar indicates temporary qualities that apply only at a particular time. Ser/ésser relates to estar as essence relates to state, etymologically as well as semantically.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

ser m (plural sers)

  1. being (living creature)

Further readingEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ser

  1. second-person singular imperative of srát

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ser

  1. present of se

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Mostly from Old Galician and Old Portuguese seer, from Latin sedeō, sedēre (to sit, to reside), and sum (to be).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ser (first-person singular present son, first-person singular preterite fun, past participle sido)

  1. to be
  2. first-person singular personal infinitive of ser
  3. third-person singular personal infinitive of ser

Usage notesEdit

Like Portuguese and Spanish, Galician has two different verbs that are usually translated to English as “to be”. The verb ser relates to essence, origin, or physical description. In contrast, the verb estar relates to current state or position.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

ser m (plural seres)

  1. being (living creature)

See alsoEdit


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ser (countable and uncountable, plural serek)

  1. (archaic, dialectal, humorous) Alternative form of sör (beer).

Usage notesEdit

An archaic and dialectal variant of sör, but today it can also be humorous in informal conversations. In compound words and derivations, almost only sör is used.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative ser serek
accusative sert sereket
dative sernek sereknek
instrumental serrel serekkel
causal-final serért serekért
translative serré serekké
terminative serig serekig
essive-formal serként serekként
essive-modal serül
inessive serben serekben
superessive seren sereken
adessive sernél sereknél
illative serbe serekbe
sublative serre serekre
allative serhez serekhez
elative serből serekből
delative serről serekről
ablative sertől serektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
seré sereké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
seréi serekéi
Possessive forms of ser
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. serem sereim
2nd person sing. sered sereid
3rd person sing. sere serei
1st person plural serünk sereink
2nd person plural seretek sereitek
3rd person plural serük sereik

Derived termsEdit

Compound words

Further readingEdit

  • ser , redirecting to sör in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Shortening of messer.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ser m

  1. (historical) sir (title and form of address for a gentleman, shortened from messer)
    Leonardo di ser Piero da VinciLeonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (literally, “Leonardo son of Peter, from Vinci”)

LadinoEdit

VerbEdit

ser (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling סיר‎)

  1. to be

LolopoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Loloish *swa² (Bradley), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with Burmese သွား (swa:), Japhug ɕɣa, Tibetan སོ (so), Drung sa, Tedim Chin ha:², Jingpho wa.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ser 

  1. (Yao'an) tooth

Mauritian CreoleEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From French sœur

NounEdit

ser

  1. sister
    Synonym: didi

Etymology 2Edit

From French cher

AdjectiveEdit

ser

  1. dear
  2. expensive

Middle DutchEdit

NounEdit

ser

  1. (title and pronoun) sir, lord
    • 1301-1350, Van den VII vroeden van binnen Rome. Een dichtwerk der XIVde eeuw (INL)
      Garijn, ser Diederecs sone
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1414, Hennen van Merchtenen's Cornicke van Brabant (INL)
      Als ijemen sterven plach, hinc men daer teken ser wapen
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

ser

  1. Alternative form of sire
    • 1407, The Testimony of William Thorpe, page 40
      And I seide, “Ser, in his tyme maister Ioon Wiclef was holden of ful many men the grettis clerk that thei knewen lyuynge vpon erthe.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English sēar.

NounEdit

ser

  1. Alternative form of sere (dry)

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Norse sér.

AdjectiveEdit

ser

  1. Alternative form of sere (differing)

MirandeseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin sedeō, sedēre (to sit, to reside) and sum (to be).

VerbEdit

ser

  1. to be (indicates a permanent quality)

NounEdit

ser m (plural seres)

  1. being

See alsoEdit


Northern KurdishEdit

NounEdit

ser m

  1. head

PrepositionEdit

ser

  1. on
    li ser maseyêon the table

Norwegian BokmålEdit

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

VerbEdit

ser

  1. present of se

Norwegian NynorskEdit

VerbEdit

ser

  1. present of sjå

PohnpeianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ser

  1. (intransitive) to run aground

InterjectionEdit

ser

  1. An exclamation used to attract the attention of two or more people.

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *syrъ, from Proto-Indo-European *súHros (sour, salty, bitter), whence English sour.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ser m inan (diminutive serek)

  1. cheese

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ser in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese seer, with forms from multiple sources:

  • Latin sedeō: personal and impersonal infinitives (sedēre), gerund, present subjunctive, affirmative imperative
  • Latin sum: present indicative, imperfect indicative, preterite indicative, pluperfect indicative, imperfect subjunctive, future subjunctive
    • Vulgar Latin *sonō: sou
    • Vulgar Latin *sutis: sois
  • later developments: past participle, future indicative, conditional, negative imperative

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ser (first-person singular present indicative sou, past participle sido)

  1. (copulative) to be (to have the given quality), especially a quality that is intrinsic or not expected to change, contrasting with estar which denotes a temporary quality
    Ela está bonita, mas não é bonita.
    She is looking beautiful, but she is not beautiful.
  2. (transitive) to be (to be an example or type of, or the same as)
    Pessoas são mamíferos.
    People are mammals.
    A soma de um e dois é três.
    The sum of one and two is three.
  3. (auxiliary with a verb in the past participle) to be (forms the passive voice)
    O carro foi vendido pelo seu antigo dono.
    The car was sold by its previous owner.
    Espero que os criminosos sejam punidos.
    I hope the criminals are punished.
  4. (impersonal) to be (indicates a point in time)
    Que horas são?
    What time is it?
    São cinco horas.
    It is five o’clock.
  5. (transitive with em or another locational preposition) to be in (to be located in)
    Minha casa é num bairro pobre.
    My house is in a poor neighbourhood.
    Onde são essas cidades?
    Where are these cities?
  6. (transitive with de) to be from (to have as one’s place of origin)
    Esses equipamentos são da Alemanha.
    These pieces of equipment are from Germany.
    Nenhum de nós é de um país estrangeiro.
    None of us is from a foreign country.
  7. (transitive with de) to be (someone’s); to belong to
    Essa casa é do prefeito.
    This house belongs to the mayor.
    Não mexa em nada que não for seu.
    Don’t touch anything that is not yours.
  8. (transitive or auxiliary with para or de and a verb in the personal infinitive) to be for; to be to (to have as its purpose)
    Esse tipo de faca é para cortar tomates.
    This type of knife is for cutting tomatoes.
  9. (impersonal, auxiliary with para and a verb in the personal infinitive) to be supposed to; should (introduces an expected or demanded action)
    Não sei porque está demorando, já era para o filme ter começado.
    I don’t know why it is taking so long, the film should have started already.
    É para comermos toda a carne.
    We are supposed to eat all the meat.
  10. (transitive) to be; to cost (to be worth a given amount of money)
    Duas maçãs são dez centavos.
    Two apples are ten cents.
  11. (intransitive) to happen; to take place; to occur
    O que será, será.
    Whatever happens happens.
    Quando é seu aniversário?
    When is your birthday?
  12. (transitive with por or a favor de or contra) to be against or in favour of
    Alguns foram contra a guerra, mas a maioria foi a favor.
    Some were against the war, but most were in favour.
  13. (poetic, intransitive) to exist; to be
    O mal não é.
    Evil does not exist.
  14. (impersonal, transitive) used for emphasis
    Eu é que vim.
    I’m the one who came here.

Usage notesEdit

Portuguese has two different verbs that are usually translated to English as “to be”: generally ser relates to essence, contrasting with estar, which relates to state.

Contrast the following:

  • O homem está feliz.The man is [currently] happy.
  • O homem é feliz.The man is [always] happy.
  • Você está louco?Are you crazy [acting or currently insane]?
  • Você é louco?Are you crazy [permanently insane]?
  • Ela está em casa.She is [currently] at home.
  • Ela é do Brasil.She is [originally] from Brazil.

ConjugationEdit

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:ser.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

ser m (plural seres)

  1. being (a living creature)

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:ser.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin serum, French sérum. Cf. also zer.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ser n (plural seruri)

  1. serum

DeclensionEdit


RomanschEdit

VerbEdit

ser

  1. (Sursilvan) Alternative form of seser

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Spanish seer, from two sources:

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ser (first-person singular present soy, first-person singular preterite fui, past participle sido)

  1. to be (essentially or identified as)
    • 2007, El Sueño de Morfeo, Nada es Suficiente
      ¿Qué voy a ser si te he dado lo que soy?
      What am I going to be if I've given you what I am?
    • 2007, El Sueño de Morfeo, Para Toda la Vida
      Si fueras una gota de agua, nadie volvería a tener sed
      If you were a drop of water, no one would thirst again
    Yo soy de los Estados Unidos.I am from the United States.
    Errar es humano.To err is human.
  2. to be (in the passive voice sense)
    La guitarra fue tocada.The guitar was played.
  3. to exist; to occur
    La fiesta será mañana.The party will be tomorrow.

Usage notesEdit

Spanish has two different verbs that are usually translated to English as “to be”: ser relates to essence, contrasting with estar, which relates to state. Contrast the following:

  • El hombre está feliz.The man is [currently] happy.
  • El hombre es feliz.The man is [always] happy.
  • ¿Estás loco?Are you crazy [currently out of your mind]?
  • ¿Eres loco?Are you crazy [an insane person]?
  • El hombre está en España.The man is [currently] in Spain.
  • El hombre es de España.The man is [originally] from Spain.
  • ¿Cómo eres?What are you like?

However, when stating the location of an object, estar is used whether the location is permanent or not:

Madrid está en el centro de España.Madrid is in central Spain.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

ser m (plural seres)

  1. a being, organism
  2. nature, essence
  3. value, worth

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


SwedishEdit

VerbEdit

ser

  1. present tense of se.

AnagramsEdit


TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Persian سر(sar)

NounEdit

ser (definite accusative seri, plural serler)

  1. (archaic) head
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

ser

  1. second-person singular imperative of sermek

VolapükEdit

NumeralEdit

ser

  1. zero

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Welsh serr, Proto-Celtic *serrā. Cf. Middle Irish serr.

NounEdit

ser m (plural serrod or serroedd, not mutable)

  1. billhook, sickle, scythe
  2. (dictionary) sword

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “ser”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN