English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English abyden, from Old English ābīdan (to abide, wait, remain, delay, remain behind; survive; wait for, await; expect), from Proto-Germanic *uzbīdaną (to expect, tolerate), equivalent to a- +‎ bide. Cognate with Scots abide (to abide, remain), Middle High German erbīten (to await, expect), Gothic 𐌿𐍃𐌱𐌴𐌹𐌳𐌰𐌽 (usbeidan, to expect, await, have patience). The sense of pay for is due to influence from aby.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

abide (third-person singular simple present abides, present participle abiding, simple past abode or abided, past participle abode or abided or (rare) abidden)

  1. (transitive) To endure without yielding; to withstand. [from mid-12th c.][2]
    Synonyms: hold on, resist, persevere; see also Thesaurus:persevere
    The old oak tree abides the wind endlessly.
  2. (transitive) To bear patiently. [from late 15th c.][2]
    Synonyms: brook, put up with, tolerate; see also Thesaurus:tolerate
    "I never could abide shoemakers," said an old servant,—and it ended in her marrying one.[3]
  3. (transitive) To pay for; to stand the consequences of. [from late 16th c.][2]
    Synonyms: answer for, suffer, atone
  4. Used in a phrasal verb: abide by (to accept and act in accordance with).
    The new teacher was strict and the students did not want to abide by his rules.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To wait in expectation. [mid-12th–mid-17th c.][2]
    Synonyms: hold on, stay; see also Thesaurus:wait
  6. (intransitive, obsolete) To pause; to delay. [from ca. 1150—1350 to mid-17th c.][2]
  7. (intransitive, archaic, Scotland) To stay; to continue in a place; to remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to be left. [from ca. 1150—1350][2]
  8. (intransitive, archaic) To have one's abode. [from ca. 1350—1470][2]
    Synonyms: dwell, live, reside; see also Thesaurus:reside
  9. (intransitive, archaic) To endure; to remain; to last. [from ca. 1350—1470][2]
    • 1998, Joel and Ethan Coen, The Big Lebowski (motion picture), spoken by Narrator (Sam Elliot):
      The Dude abides.
  10. (transitive, archaic) To stand ready for; to await for someone; watch for. [from early 12th c.][2]
    Synonyms: await, wait for; see also Thesaurus:wait for
  11. (transitive, obsolete) To endure or undergo a hard trial or a task; to stand up under. [from ca. 1150—1350 to early 18th c.][2]
  12. (transitive, archaic) To await submissively; accept without question; submit to. [from ca. 1350—1470][2]

Usage notes edit

  • (bear patiently): The negative form can't abide is used to indicate strong dislike.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References edit

  1. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN), page 3
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “abide”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 4.
  3. ^ Robert Holland, M.R.A.C., A Glossary of Words Used in the County of Chester, Part I--A to F., English Dialect Society, London, 1884, 1

Anagrams edit

Estonian edit

Noun edit

abide

  1. genitive plural of abi

Turkish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Ottoman Turkish آبده, from Arabic آبِدة (ʔābida), from آبِد (ʔābid), active participle of أَبَدَ (ʔabada). The sense of monument first attested around 1908 with respect to the Monument of Liberty (Âbide-i Hürriyet) then under construction in Istanbul.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

abide

  1. something of monumental importance
  2. monument
Declension edit
Inflection
Nominative abide
Definite accusative abideyi
Singular Plural
Nominative abide abideler
Definite accusative abideyi abideleri
Dative abideye abidelere
Locative abidede abidelerde
Ablative abideden abidelerden
Genitive abidenin abidelerin

References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

abide

  1. locative singular of abi