From Middle English splint, splent, splente, from Middle Low German splinte, splente or Middle Dutch splint, splinte. Cognate with Old High German splinza (“bar, bolt, latch”). All ultimately from Proto-Germanic *splintǭ, *splintō (“piece of wood, splinter”), from Proto-Germanic *splint-, *splind- (“to split”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pley- (“to split, splice”).
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splint (plural splints)
- A narrow strip of wood split or peeled from a larger piece.
- (dentistry) A dental device applied consequent to undergoing orthodontia.
- (medicine) A device to immobilize a body part.
- (military, historical) A segment of armour consisting of a narrow overlapping plate.
- 1820, Walter Scott, chapter II, in Ivanhoe; a Romance. [...] In Three Volumes, volume I, Edinburgh: Printed for Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co. […], OCLC 230694662, page 25:
- The fore-part of his thighs, where the folds of his mantle permitted them to be seen, were also covered with linked mail; the knees and feet were defended by splints, or thin plates of steel, ingeniously jointed upon each other; and mail hose, reaching from the ancle to the knee, effectually protected the legs, and completed the rider's defensive armour.
- (mining) Synonym of
- (zootomy) A bone found on either side of a horse's cannon bone; the second or fourth metacarpal (forelimb) or metatarsal (hindlimb) bone.
- (zootomy, veterinary medicine) A disease affecting the splint bones, as a callosity or hard excrescence.
- For a horse to pop a splint is for it to receive an injury to the splint bone or surrounding area.
- (transitive) To apply a splint to; to fasten with splints.
- To support one's abdomen with hands or a pillow before attempting to cough.
- (obsolete, rare, transitive) To split into thin, slender pieces; to splinter.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Florio to this entry?)