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EtymologyEdit

 
Wrist splint

From Middle English splint, splent, splente, from Middle Low German splinte, splente or Middle Dutch splint, splinte. Cognate with Old High German splinza (bar, bolt, latch). All ultimately from Proto-Germanic *splintǭ, *splintō (piece of wood, splinter), from Proto-Germanic *splint-, *splind- (to split), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pley- (to split, splice).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

splint (plural splints)

  1. A narrow strip of wood split or peeled from a larger piece.
  2. (dentistry) A dental device applied consequent to undergoing orthodontia.
  3. (medicine) A device to immobilize a body part.
  4. (military, historical) A segment of armour consisting of a narrow overlapping plate.
    • 1820, Walter Scott, chapter II, in Ivanhoe; a Romance. [...] In Three Volumes, volume I, Edinburgh: Printed for Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co. [], OCLC 230694662, page 25:
      The fore-part of his thighs, where the folds of his mantle permitted them to be seen, were also covered with linked mail; the knees and feet were defended by splints, or thin plates of steel, ingeniously jointed upon each other; and mail hose, reaching from the ancle to the knee, effectually protected the legs, and completed the rider's defensive armour.
  5. (mining) Synonym of splent coal
  6. (zootomy) A bone found on either side of a horse's cannon bone; the second or fourth metacarpal (forelimb) or metatarsal (hindlimb) bone.
  7. (zootomy, veterinary medicine) A disease affecting the splint bones, as a callosity or hard excrescence.

Usage notesEdit

  • For a horse to pop a splint is for it to receive an injury to the splint bone or surrounding area.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

splint (third-person singular simple present splints, present participle splinting, simple past and past participle splinted)

  1. (transitive) To apply a splint to; to fasten with splints.
  2. To support one's abdomen with hands or a pillow before attempting to cough.
  3. (obsolete, rare, transitive) To split into thin, slender pieces; to splinter.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Florio to this entry?)

TranslationsEdit