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VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (“four”; SV: tứ).

NumeralEdit

(, 𦊛)

  1. (chiefly Northern Vietnam, only in compounds) four
    hai mươi
    twenty four
    một trăm linh
    one hundred and four
  2. fourth
    ba phần
    three quarters
    thứ
    fourth/Wednesday
    tháng
    fourth month/April
  3. (Southern Vietnam, of a sibling) third
    chú
    "fourth" uncle (your grandparents' third child, who's male and who's younger than one of your parents)
    anh
    "fourth" big brother (your parents' third child who's your older brother)
    chị tư
    "fourth" big sister (your parents' third child who's your older sister, or a woman whose husband's his parents' third child)
Usage notesEdit
  • Unlike other cardinal numbers, the ordinal phrasal expression for bốn (four) is generally not *thứ bốn, but thứ tư (fourth).

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from

AdjectiveEdit

  1. (formal or of a school) private
    Synonyms: riêng, tư thục
    Antonyms: công, chung
    riêng tư
    private and personal
    việc tư
    private affairs
    công tư phân minh
    upright about the boundary between public and private matters