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See also:
U+601D, 思
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-601D

[U+601C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+601E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 田心 (WP), four-corner 60330, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 381, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10462
  • Dae Jaweon: page 709, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2280, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+601D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𢙦

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔslɯːʔ, *srɯː, *srɯː
*sn̥ʰɯː, *snɯ
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*snɯː
*srɯː, *snɯʔ
*snɯːls
*snɯ, *snɯs
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯ
*snɯʔ
*snɯ
*sʰrɯ
*snɯns
*sniŋs
*snɯː

Original form was (OC *snɯ), considered by Shuowen to be a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *snɯ, *snɯs): phonetic  (OC *snɯns) + semantic  (heart). It may also be a ideogrammic compound (會意):  (fontanel) +  (heart).

has started to corrupt into the unrelated as early as the silk script.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: sî - only in certain words (e.g. 相思樹).
Note:
  • su/sir - literary;
  • si - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (16)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/sie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɨ/
Li
Rong
/siə/
Wang
Li
/sĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ si ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ə/
English think

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 13835
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*snɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to think; to cogitate
  2. thought; thinking; idea
  3. to miss; to yearn for
  4. to hope; to wish
  5. to lament; to grieve for
  6. feeling; mood
  7. meaningless sentence-initial particle
  8. meaningless sentence-medial particle
  9. sentence-final interjectional particle
  10. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (16)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɨH/
Li
Rong
/siəH/
Wang
Li
/sĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/siH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 13843
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*snɯs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. thought; feeling; mood

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (sāi, “heavily bearded”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, , tứ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.