Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56DB
Code point U+56DB
Entity number 四
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56DA] [U+56DC]
See also: 西, , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 31 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田金 (WC), four-corner 60210, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 216, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 439, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 710, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+56DB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script

The original shell and bone character was written four times, (compare and ). The bronzeware style of the character featured a repositioning of those four lines inside ; this later evolved into the combination used today of (“mouth”) and (“divide”) which meant a dispersal of breath. It could thus be said that four is a borrowed meaning for this character. The original sense is preserved in (OC *hrids), by adding an extra .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ləj.

As superstition, (MC siɪH) is avoided because it is similar to (MC sˠiɪX, “death”) in sound.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/siH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siH/
Li
Rong
/siH/
Wang
Li
/siH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/siH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.li[j]-s/
English four

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12022
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljids/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. four
  2. (music) la (musical note)
  3. (printing) English; The size of type between 小四 (little 4) and 小三 (little 3), standardized as 14 point.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:

See alsoEdit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿
Playing cards in Chinese · 撲克牌扑克牌 (pūkèpái) (layout · text)
A
J Q K 小王 ‎(black), 大王 ‎(red)

JapaneseEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal :

Etymology 1Edit

/yo2/ *[jə] > /yo/ [jo].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji yo)

  1. four

Etymology 2Edit

Native ‎(yo, four) + n, influenced by analogy by the final sound in Chinese ‎(san, three).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana よん, romaji yon)

  1. four

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Japanese reading.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. four
  2. fourth

Etymology 4Edit

From ‎(four). The parallel lines have since evolved into an approximation of what a fist looks when viewed palm side down.

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sa, McCune-Reischauer: sa, Yale: sa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: neok, McCune-Reischauer: nŏk, Yale: nek)
  1. four

CompoundsEdit


MulamEdit

NumeralEdit

‎(ti5)

  1. four

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tứ, tớ, )

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