TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
四-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

The original shell and bone character was written four times, (compare and ). The bronzeware style of the character featured a repositioning of those four lines inside ; this later evolved into the combination used today of 口 mouth and 八 divide which meant a dispersal of breath. It could thus be said that four is a borrowed meaning for this character. The original sense is preserved in , by adding an extra .

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
四-oracle.svg 四-bronze.svg 四-silk.svg 四-bigseal.svg 四-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 31 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田金 (WC), four-corner 60210, composition)

Usage notesEdit

Wikipedia

As superstition, 四 is avoided because it is similar to ‎(death) in sound.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 216, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 439, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 710, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+56DB

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ləj.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (四), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 息利切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪH/ /siH/ /siH/ /siH/ /siH/ /siH/ /sjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sijH › /*s.li[j]-s/ four

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12022 1 /*hljids/

NumeralEdit

  1. four

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

  1. (music) la (musical note)
  2. (printing) English; The size of type between 小四 (little 4) and 小三 (little 3), standardized as 14 point.

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal :

Etymology 1Edit

/yo2/ *[jə] > /yo/ [jo].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji yo)

  1. four

Etymology 2Edit

Native ‎(yo, four) + n, influenced by analogy by the final sound in Chinese ‎(san, three).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana よん, romaji yon)

  1. four
  2. fourth

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Japanese reading.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. four
  2. fourth

Etymology 4Edit

From ‎(four). The parallel lines have since evolved into an approximation of what a fist looks when viewed palm side down.

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sa, McCune-Reischauer: sa, Yale: sa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: neok, McCune-Reischauer: nŏk, Yale: nek)
  1. four

CompoundsEdit


MulamEdit

NumeralEdit

‎(ti5)

  1. four

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tứ, tớ, )

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