Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56DB
Code point U+56DB
Entity number 四
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56DA] [U+56DC]
See also: 西, , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
四-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 31 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田金 (WC), four-corner 60210, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 216, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4682
  • Dae Jaweon: page 439, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 710, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+56DB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
四-oracle.svg 四-bronze.svg 四-silk.svg 四-bigseal.svg 四-seal.svg

The original shell and bone character was written four times, (compare and ). The bronzeware style of the character featured a repositioning of those four lines inside ; this later evolved into the combination used today of (“mouth”) and (“divide”) which meant a dispersal of breath. It could thus be said that four is a borrowed meaning for this character. The original sense is preserved in (OC *hrids), by adding an extra .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ləj.

As superstition, (MC siɪH) is avoided because it is similar to (MC sɣiɪX, “death”) in sound.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/siH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siH/
Li
Rong
/siH/
Wang
Li
/siH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/siH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ sijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.li[j]-s/
English four

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12022
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljids/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. four
  2. (music) la (musical note)
  3. (printing) English; The size of type between 小四 (little 4) and 小三 (little 3), standardized as 14 point.

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿
Playing cards in Chinese · 撲克牌扑克牌 (pūkèpái) (layout · text)
40 Asso di picche.jpg 41 Due di picche.jpg 42 Tre di picche.jpg 43 Quattro di picche.jpg 44 Cinque di picche.jpg 45 Sei di picche.jpg 46 Sette di picche.jpg
A
47 Otto di picche.jpg 48 Nove di picche.jpg 49 Dieci di picche.jpg 50 J di picche.jpg 51 Q di picche.jpg 52 K di picche.jpg Jolly Nero.jpg
J Q K 小王 ‎(black), 大王 ‎(red)

JapaneseEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal :

Etymology 1Edit

/yo2/ *[jə] > /yo/ [jo].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji yo)

  1. four

Etymology 2Edit

Native ‎(yo, four) + n, influenced by analogy by the final sound in Chinese ‎(san, three).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana よん, romaji yon)

  1. four

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Japanese reading.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. four
  2. fourth

Etymology 4Edit

From ‎(four). The parallel lines have since evolved into an approximation of what a fist looks when viewed palm side down.

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sa, McCune-Reischauer: sa, Yale: sa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: neok, McCune-Reischauer: nŏk, Yale: nek)
  1. four

CompoundsEdit


MulamEdit

NumeralEdit

‎(ti5)

  1. four

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tứ, tớ, )

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